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研究生:辛明潔
研究生(外文):Ming-Chieh Hsin
論文名稱:人力資本與經濟成長
論文名稱(外文):HUMAN CAPITAL AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
指導教授:江靜儀江靜儀引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-Yi Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:經濟學系碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:經濟成長人力資本Solow模型收斂追蹤資料
外文關鍵詞:human capitaleconomic growthSolow modelpanel dataconvergence
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
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  • 下載下載:135
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
本篇研究採用1970年到2002年50個國家的年資料探討人力資本與經濟成長的關係。實證結果顯示擴展Solow模型對跨國間經濟成長差異的解釋比基本的Solow模型好,因為本研究實證估計的係數皆顯著異於零,係數的正負符號與大小符合理論預測。我們發現實體資本與人力資本皆對經濟成長存在正向影響,人口成長則對經濟成長存在反向影響。另外,我們選用多種人力資本變數探討人力資本與經濟成長的關係,其中以國際間數學與科學成績為人力資本的替代變數所得到的結果較符合理論的預測,同時其解釋能力亦較其它人力資本衡量變數好。我們的實證結果也顯示,當控制實體資本、勞動力與人力資本這些變數之後,跨國間的平均每勞動力實質GDP會產生收斂現象,而且跨國間的平均每勞動力的實質GDP會依模型預測的速度收斂。
This paper examines the relationship between human capital and economic growth by using a panel data for 50 countries from 1970 to 2002. The empirical evidence shows that international differences in income per capital are consistent with the predictions of an augmented Solow growth model in which human capital is included. It shows that income per capita is positively related to the physical capital and the human capital and negatively related to the population growth. Among all the regressions with various proxies for human capital we choose, we find the regression with the measure of labor-force quality – international mathematics and science test scores – can explain most of the cross-country variations in income. The findings also indicate that there is substantial convergence in real GDP per capital, with controlling for physical capital, population growth and human capital. Moreover, real GDP per capital will converge at about the rate that the augmented Solow model predicts.
目次
頁次
論文題目...................................................................................................I
論文口試委員審定書...............................................................................II
博碩士論文電子檔案上網授權書...........................................................III
誌謝...........................................................................................................IV
中文摘要...................................................................................................V
英文摘要...................................................................................................VI
目錄.......................................................................................................... VII
表目錄.......................................................................................................IX
第一章 緒言................................................................................................1
第二章 文獻探討........................................................................................5
第一節 人力資本與經濟成長的關係...............................................5
第二節 國內文獻...............................................................................9
第三節 國外文獻.............................................................................12
第三章 理論模型......................................................................................19
第一節 Solow成長模型..................................................................19
第二節 擴展之Solow成長模型.....................................................24
第三節 內生成長與收斂.................................................................29
第四章 研究方法......................................................................................32
第一節 固定效果模型.....................................................................32
第二節 隨機效果模型.....................................................................35
第三節 Hausman檢定.....................................................................38
第五章 實證分析......................................................................................39
第一節 實證模型.............................................................................39
第二節 研究期間與資料來源.........................................................43
第三節 實證結果.............................................................................52
第六章 結論..............................................................................................70
參考文獻....................................................................................................74
參考文獻

中文部份:
1.賴景昌,總體經濟學,台北:雙葉書廊股份有限公司,2004。
2.龐國強,人力資本與中國大陸的經濟成長,國立中山大學經濟學研究所碩士論文,2003。
3.陳俊育,經濟成長與人口遷移-美國個案研究,國立中山大學經濟學研究所碩士論文,2002。
4.王寶惠,人力資本與經濟成長理論-台灣之實証研究,國立中山大學經濟學研究所碩士論文,2001。

英文部份:
1.Barro, Robert J. “Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 1991, 106 (2), pp. 407–443.
2.Barro, Robert J. and Lee, Jong-Wha. “International Comparisons of Educational Attainment.” Journal of Monetary Economics, December 1993, 32 (3), pp. 363–394.
3.Barro, Robert J. and Lee, Jong-Wha. “ International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications,” Oxford Economic Papers, 2001,3, pp. 541-563
4.Barro, Robert J. and Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. Economic growth. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995.
5.Benhabib, Jess and Mark, Spiegel, M. “The Role of Human Capital in Economic Development: Evidence from Aggregate Cross-Country Data.” Journal of Monetary Economics, October 1994, 34 (2), pp. 143–174.
6.Bils, Mark and Klenow, Peter J. “Does Schooling Cause Growth?” American Economic Review, December 2000, 90 (5), pp. 1160–1183.
7.Hanushek, A. Eric and Kimko, D. Dennis. “Schooling, Labor-Force Quality, and the Growth of Nations.” American Economic Review, December 2000, 90 (5), pp. 1184-1208.
8.Jorgenson, Dale W. and Fraumeni, Barbara M. “Investment in Education and U.S. Economic Growth.” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 1992, Supp.,94, pp. 51–70.
9.Krueger, Alan B. and Lindahl, Mikael. “Education for Growth:Why and For Whom?” Journal of Economic Literature, December 2001, pp. 1101-1136.
10.Lee, Jong-Wha. and Barro, Robert J. (2001): “Schooling Quality in a Cross-Section of Countries”, Economica,68 (272), pp. 465-488.
11.Mankiw, N. Gregory, Romer, David and Weil, David. “A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 1992, 107 (2), pp. 407–37.
12.Romer, Paul. “Endogenous Technological Change.” Journal of Political Economy, October 1990a, Pt. 2, 99 (5), pp. S71–S102.
13.Romer, Paul. “Human Capital and Growth: Theory and Evidence.” Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Spring 1990b, 32, pp. 251–86.
14.Summers, Robert and Heston, Alan. “The Penn World Table (Mark 5): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950–1988.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 1991, 106 (2), pp. 327–68.
15.UNESCO Statistical Yearbook. Paris: UNESCO Publishing, various years.
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