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研究生:鍾昭瑛
論文名稱:性犯罪者的「自負特質」與再犯因子的關係
指導教授:許文耀許文耀引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:性犯罪性犯罪者自負特質再犯因子
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Baumeister等人回顧一系列攻擊行為的研究中發現,「自負特質」(Egotism)者若面對外在評價遠低於自我評價的情境時,可能會針對外在評價來源者產生憤怒情緒,因而增加攻擊行為發生的危險性。同時他也發現自戀特質與性犯罪之間具有關聯性,個體的自戀狀態易使其過度高估自己,當被拒絕時,極易導致自我調控的失敗,在情緒上會以表露敵意與憤怒為主,在行為上則傾向對拒絕者做出反擊,目的是回復被貶抑的自尊並獲得對他人的象徵性支配。
本研究的主要目的是以Baumeister的觀點編製「情境式自負特質量表」,並藉以探討於Beech與Ward(2004)所提的危險性病因模式下,自負特質是否比自戀特質更能預測性犯罪者的攻擊行為與再犯?
本研究自編的情境式自負特質量表的信度為.98,顯示其具有良好的內部一致性,在效度分析上,本量表與效標量表間也具有高度的相關。經由因素分析之後,支持Baumeister(1996)的假設,亦即自負特質的內涵包括「易受傷害的-敏感的」、「誇大的-愛表現的」與「自尊的不穩定」等特性,而且在外界評價遠低於有利自評的威脅情境下,此種特質更為突顯。
在攻擊行為與自我調控能力的預測方面,本研究結果顯示情境式自負特質量表確實比自戀性格量表對攻擊行為與自我調控能力更具解釋力。在針對性犯罪再犯的預測上,自負特質與自戀特質都無法直接與性犯罪再犯評估的結果有關聯,但根據Beech與Ward(2004)的看法,自負特質應可做為性犯罪再犯的心理傾向之一,此心理傾向影響的是性犯罪者的自我調控能力,而自我調控能力又被視為性犯罪再犯因子中的穩定動態因子,當遇到情境的促發因子,則其再犯的風險也就隨之增高了。
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的.......................................1

第二章 文獻探討
第一節 國內外性犯罪研究的現況...............................3
第二節 性犯罪者的危險評估...................................6
第三節 性犯罪者的心理傾向與再犯的關係......................16
第四節 「自負特質」的特性..................................22
第五節 「自負特質」與性犯罪行為的關係......................26
第六節 「自負特質」與性犯罪再犯的關係......................29
第七節 研究問題............................................32

第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究對象............................................35
第二節 研究工具............................................37
第三節 研究程序............................................46
第四節 資料分析............................................47

第四章 研究結果
第一節 研究工具之描述統計與信度............................49
第二節 情境式自負特質量表的考驗............................50
第三節 自我控制量表的考驗..................................54
第四節 自負特質與自戀特質的比較............................57
第五節 犯罪類型在特質與攻擊行為的差異分析..................61
第六節 各主要變項與性犯罪再犯的分析........................64

第五章 結論、討論與建議
第一節 結論................................................67
第二節 綜合討論............................................68
第三節 研究限制與未來研究方向..............................74

參考文獻.....................................................75
附錄一 研究同意書...........................................83
附錄二 研究量表
(一)情境式自負特質量表.....................................84
(二)自戀性格量表...........................................92
(三)波氏攻擊量表...........................................96
(四)自我控制量表...........................................97
(五)靜態-99再犯評估量表....................................98
附錄三 原文量表翻譯使用授權信函
(一)Emmons博士的授權信函..................................100
(二)Buss博士的授權信函....................................101
(三)Baumeister博士的授權信函..............................103

表目次
表2-2-1:性犯罪再犯的靜態預測因子.............................7
表2-2-2:性犯罪再犯的動態預測因子.............................9
表2-2-3:性犯罪再犯的預測因子................................10
表2-3-1:脆弱因子與情境因子的定義............................16
表3-1-1:受試者的犯罪刑別....................................35
表3-1-1:受試者教育程度、犯罪類型的分配......................36
表3-2-1:「情境式自負特質量表」編製架構......................38
表3-2-2:「情境式自負特質量表」各向度的反應內容..............39
表3-2-3:前置問卷填答內容分類統計表..........................40
表3-2-4:自我控制測量工具之比較..............................42
表3-2-5:「靜態-99再犯評估量表」的評分者間信度...............45
表4-1-1:研究工具的描述統計與信度............................49
表4-2-1:「情境式自負特質量表」各情境及全量表之描述統計值....50
表4-2-2:「情境式自負特質量表」各情境及全量表間相關..........50
表4-2-3:「情境式自負特質量表」的內部一致性係數..............51
表4-2-4:「情境式自負特質量表」因素分析解釋的變異量..........51
表4-2-5:「自負特質」因素負荷量..............................52
表4-2-6:「情境式自負特質量表」與效標量表之相關..............53
表4-3-1:自我控制量表之描述統計值............................54
表4-3-2:自我控制量表因素分析解釋的變異量....................54
表4-3-3:自我調控因素負荷量..................................55
表4-3-4:自我控制量表與效標量表之相關........................56
表4-4-1:自負特質與自戀特質對於攻擊行為的解釋變異量..........57
表4-4-2:自負特質、自戀特質與攻擊行為的相關..................57
表4-4-3:自負特質、自戀特質對攻擊行為進行逐步迴歸分析之結果..58
表4-4-4:自負特質、自戀特質與自我調控的相關..................59
表4-4-5:自負特質與自戀特質對於自我調控的解釋變異量..........59
表4-4-6:自負特質、自戀特質對自我調控進行逐步迴歸分析之結果..59
表4-5-1:性犯罪者與非性暴力犯罪者在自負特質上之變異數分析摘要表...........................................................61
表4-5-2:性犯罪者與非性暴力犯罪者在自戀特質上之變異數分析摘要表...........................................................61
表4-5-3:性犯罪者與非性暴力犯罪者在攻擊行為上之變異數分析摘要表...........................................................62
表4-5-4:不同程度的自負特質與攻擊行為之獨立樣本檢定..........62
表4-6-1:靜態-99再犯評估量表-性犯罪再犯得分之描述統計........64
表4-6-2:靜態-99再犯評估量表-暴力再犯得分之描述統計..........64
表4-6-3:靜態-99再犯評估量表與其他量表之相關.................65
表4-6-4:各主要變項對於性犯罪者性再犯預測的迴歸係數分析......65
表4-6-5:各主要變項對於性犯罪者暴力再犯預測的迴歸係數分析....66

圖目次
圖2-2-1:危險性的病因模式....................................14
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