跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.149.205) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/12 22:33
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:謝文傑
研究生(外文):Hsieh, Wen-Chieh
論文名稱:無望感與未來思考及情緒困擾間的關係
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship among Hopelessness, Future Thinking, and Emotional Disturbances: A Preliminary Study
指導教授:許文耀許文耀引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:無望感正向未來思考負向未來思考情緒困擾
外文關鍵詞:hopelessnesspositive future thinkingnegative future thinkingemotional disturbances
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:783
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
目的 本研究嚐試探討無望感與未來思考及情緒困擾間的關係,旨在驗證MacLeod的未來思考研究,以及區分病例組與對照組的敏感性。
研究對象 非病人樣本,主要為大學生以及部分社會人士,共123名;病人樣本則為台北巿立萬芳醫院的門診病患,共49名。
研究方法 非病人樣本採用隨機取樣,病人樣本採用隨機立意取樣之病例對照研究設計。
研究材料 包括「貝克無望感量表」、「貝克焦慮量表」、「貝克憂鬱量表第二版」、「語意歷程作業」、「語文流暢作業」、與「未來思考作業」共六項。
研究結果 本研究結果符合MacLeod先前的研究結果為,即(1)無望感與正向未來思考的減少有關;與(2)憂鬱與正向未來思考的減少,及負向未來思考的增加有關。不符合MacLeod的研究果為:焦慮與未來思考的關係不顯著。另外,以「正向未來思考」及「負向未來思考」來區分病人與非病人就目前的樣本而言,是不具有敏感性的。
結論 對於臨床工作而言,須注意正向未來思考減少對個案的影響,並進一步的給予適宜的處置,以預防疾病的再發。





關鍵字 無望感、正向未來思考、負向未來思考、情緒困擾
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 無望感 4
  第二節 無望感的角色 4
  第三節 無望感的意義 5
  第四節 亞柏蘭森無望感理論 6
  第五節 無望感的組成 8
  第六節 MacLeod之無望感與未來思考系列研究整理 11
  第七節 從情感面向到未來思考 14
  第八節 正向思考的重要性 16
第三章 研究目的與基本假設 19
第四章 研究方法、材料與程序 22
  第一節 研究方法 22
  第二節 研究材料與工具 24
  第三節 MacLeod個人語文流暢作業施行程序 29
第五章 資料分析 30
第六章 研究結果 31
  第一節 基本資料分析 31
  第二節 藥物影響與認知功能差異統計分析 45
  第三節 無望感與未來思考的相關分析 46
  第四節 變異數與迴歸分析 47
第五節 病人與非病人之無望感、情緒狀態及未來思考比較 54
第七章 討論 58
第八章 研究限制與未來研究方向 63
  第一節 研究限制 63
  第二節 未來研究方向 65
參考文獻 68
附錄一:研究參與者同意書 79
附錄二:人體試驗受試者同意書 81
附錄三:研究參與者基本資料 83
附錄四:貝克無望感量表 85
附錄五:貝克焦慮量表 86
附錄六:貝克憂鬱量表第二版 87
附錄七:語意歷程作業 89
附錄八:語文流暢作業 91
附錄九:未來思考作業 92
附錄十:心理病理問卷填答不良反應報告表 94

圖  次
圖一 無望感憂鬱性理論的因素模式 7

表  次
表6-1-1 人口學資料 33
表6-1-2 臨床變項資料 37
表6-1-3 主要變項資料 42
表6-1-4 次要變項資料 42
表6-1-5 MacLeod未來思考作業法次要變項資料 43
表6-2-1 病人藥物影響之變異數分析摘要表(N=49) 45
表6-2-2 非病人認知功能差異之變異數摘要表(N=72) 46
表6-3-1 無望感與MacLeod未來思考作業相關表 47
表6-4-1 無望感與MacLeod未來思考作業迴歸分析摘要表 48
表6-4-2 憂鬱及焦慮與MacLeod未來思考作業迴歸分析摘要表 49
表6-4-3 病人與非病人(含正常組)變異數分析摘要表 52
表6-4-4 病人與非病人(不含混合組)變異數分析摘要表 53
表6-4-5 以「正向未來思考」及「負向未來思考」區分病人與非病人模式之適配度檢定及個別參數顯著性之檢定摘要表 55
表6-4-6 病人與非病人預測分類正確交叉表 56
表6-5-1 病人與非病人之無望感、情緒狀態與未來思考t考驗摘要表 57
中文部分:
車先蕙、張尚文、盧孟良(民91)。「中文版貝克焦慮量表之信度及效度分析」。未出版手稿。
盧孟良、車先蕙、張尚文、沈武典(民91)。「中文版貝克憂鬱量表之信度和效度」。台灣精神醫學雜誌。

英文部分:
Abela, J. R. Z., & D’Alessandro, D. U. (2002). Beck’s cognitive theory of depression: A test of the diathesis-stress and causal mediation components. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41, 111-128.
Abramson, L. Y., Metalsky, G. I., & Alloy, L. B. (1989). Hopelessness depression: a theory-based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96, 358-372.
Alloy, L. B., Kelly, K. A., Mineka, S., Clements, & C. M. (1990). Comorbidity of anxiety and depressive disorders: A helplessness-hopelessness perspective. Yn J. Maser & R. C. Cloninger (Eds.), Comorbidity of mood and anxiety disorders (pp. 499-543). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Baddeley, A. D. (1981). The cognitive psychology of everyday life. British Journal of Psychology, 72, 257-269.
Baumeister, R. F. (1990). Suicide as escape from the self. Psychological Review, 97, 90-113.
Beck, A. T. (1978). PDR Check List. University of Pennsylvania, Center for cognitive Therapy, Philadelphia.
Beck, A. T. (1982). Situational Anxiety Check List. University of Pennsylvania, center for cognitive Therapy, Philadelphia.
Beck, A. T. (1987). Cognitive approaches to hopelessness and suicide. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy, Boston.
Beck, A. T. (1988). Continuity of hopelessness over repeated episodes of depression. Center for Cognitive Therapy. Unpublished raw data.
Beck, A. T. (2001). Cognitive approaches to suicide. In: Goldsmith S, (Ed.), Suicide prevention and intervention. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 10-12.
Beck, A. T., Brown, G., Berchick, R. J., Stewart, B. L., & Steer, R. A. (1990). Relationship between hopelessness and ultimate suicide: A replication with psychiatric outpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 190-195.
Beck, A. T., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1989). Prediction of eventual suicide in psychiatric inpatients by clinical ratings of hopelessness. Journal of consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 309-310.
Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 893-897.
Beck, A. T., Kovacs, M., & Weissman, A. (1975). Hopelessness and suicidal behavior. Journal of the American Medical Association, 234, 1146-1149.
Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive Therapy of Depression. Guilford: New York.
Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1988). The Beck Hopelessness Scale manual. San Antnio: The Psychological Corporation.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., Beck, J. S., & Newman, C. F. (1993). Hopelessness, depression, suicidal ideation, and clinical diagnosis of depression. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 23, 139-145.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. (1985). Beck Anxiety Check List. Unpublished manuscript, University of Pennsylvania, center for cognitive Therapy, Philadelphia.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., Kovacs, M., & Garrison, B. (1985). Hopelessness and eventual suicide: A 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation. American Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 559-563.
Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.
Beck, A. T., Weissman, A., & Kovacs, M. (1976). Alcoholism, hopelessness and suicidal behavior. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 37, 66-77.
Beck, A. T., Weissman, A., Lester, D., & Trexler, L. (1974). The measurement of pessimism: the hopelessness scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 861-865.
Bedrosian, R. C., & Beck, A. T. (1979). Cognitive aspects of suicidal behavior. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 9, 87-96.
Blackburn, I. M., Jones, S., & Lewin, r. J. P. (1986). Cognitive style in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 25, 241-251.
Brewin, C. R. (1988). Cognitive Foundations of Clinical Psychology. LEA: London.
Brown, G. W., & Harris, T. O. (1988). Life events and measurement. In, G. W. Brown & T. O. Harris (Eds.), Life events and illness. New York: Guilford Press.
Brown, G. W., Lemyre, L., & Bifulco, A. (1992). Social factors and recovery from anxiety and depressive disorders: A test of specificity. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 44-54.
Chiles, J. A., Strosahl, K. D., & Ping, Z. Y., et al. (1989). Depression, hopelessness and suicidal behavior in Chinese and American psychiatric patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 339-344.
Clark, A. L., Beck, A. T., Stewart, B. (1990). The structure of Negative emotions in a clinical sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99, 148-155.
Clark, D. A., Beck, A. T., Alford, B. A. (1999). Scientific foundations of cognitive therapy of depression. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Clark, D. A., Steer, R. A., & Beck, A. T. (1994). Common and specific dimensions of self-reported anxiety and depression: Implications for the cognitive and tripartite models. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 645-654.
Clark, L. A., Watson, D., & Mineka, S. (1994). Temperament, personality, and the mood and anxiety disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 103-116.
COBUILD (1987). Collins COBUILD English Language Dictionary. London: Collins.
Conaghan, S., & Davidson, K. M. (2002). Hopelessness and the anticipation of positive and negative future experiences in older parasuicidal adults. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41, 233-242.
Depue, R. A., & Iacono, W. G. (1989). Neurobehavioural aspects of affective disorders. Annual review of Psychology, 40, 457-492.
Diener, E., Suh, E., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276-302.
Dyer, J. A., & Krietman, N. (1984). Hopelessness, depression, and suicidal intent in parasuicide. British Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 127-133.
Edwards, A. L. (1960). Experimental design in psychological research. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
Fawcett, J., Scheftner, W., Clark, D., Hedeker, D., Gibbons, R., & Coryell, W. (1987). Clinical predictors of suicide in patients with major affective disorders: A controlled prospective study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 35-40.
Fowles, D. C. (1994). A motivational theory of psychopathology. In Integrative Views of Motivation, Cognition, and Emotion. Vol. 41. The Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, Spaulding, W. D. (Ed). University of Nebraska Press: Lincoln.
Frank, E., Tu, X. M., & Anderson, B., et al. (1996). Effects of positive and negative life events on time to depression onset: An analysis of additivity and timing. Psychological Medicine, 26, 613-626.
Fremouw, W. J., de Perczal, M., & Ellis, T. E. (1990). Suicide Risk: Assessment and Response Guidelines. Pergamon Press, Inc.
Fydrich, T., dowdall, D., & chambless, D. L. (1990, March). Aspects of reliability and validity for the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Paper presented at the National conference on Phobias and Related Anxiety Disorders, Bethesda, MD.
Goldney, R. D. (1979). Attempted suicide: correlates of lethality. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Unversity of Adelaide, Australia.
Godley, J., Tchanturia, K., MacLeod, A. K., & Schmidt, U. (2001). Future-directed thinking in eating disorders. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 281-296.
Gray, J. A. (1994). A framework for a taxonomy of psychiatric disorder. In Emotions: Wssays on Emotion Therapy, Van goozen, S. H. M., Van de Poll, n. E., Sargeant, J. A. (Eds). Erlbaum: New Jersey.
Hatton, C. L., & Valente, S. M. (1984). Assessment of suicide risk. In C. L. Hatton & S. M. Valente (Eds.), Suicide: Assessment and Intervention (pp.61-82). Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Hollon, S. D., & Garber, J. (1980). A cognitive-expectancy theory of therapy for helplessness and depression. In Human Helplessness: Theory and Applications, Garber, J., Seligman MEP (Eds), Academic Press: New York.
Kessler, R. C. (1997). The effects of stressful life events on depression. Annual Review of Psychology, 48, 191-214.
Kovacs, M., Beck, A., & Weissman, A. (1975). Hopelessness: An indicator of suicidal risk. Suicide, 5, 98-103.
Kramlinger, K., & Mayo Clinic. (2001). Mayo clinic on depression : Answers to help you understand, recognize and manage depression. Mayo Clinic, Press.
Kuiper, N. A., Derry, P. A., & MacDonald, M. R. (1982). Self-reference and person perception in depression: a social cognition perspective. In Integrations of Social and Clinical Psychology, Weary, G.. H., Mirels, H. (Eds), Oxford University Press: New York.
Lester, D., Beck, A. T., & Weissman, A. (1979). Extrapolation from attempted suicides to completed suicide: A test. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 78-80.
Lewinsohn, P. M., & Libet, J. (1972). Pleasant events, activity schedules, and depressions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 79, 291-295.
Lezak, M. D. (1976). Neuropsychological assessment. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lezak, M. D. (1995). Newurpsychological assessment (3rd Ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
MacLeod, A. K., & Byrne, A. (1996). Anxiety, depression, and the anticipation of future positive and negative experiences. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 286-289.
MacLeod, A. K., Byrne, A., & Valentine, J. D. (1996). Affect, emotional disorder and future-directed thinking. Cognition and Emotion, 10, 69-86.
MacLeod, A. K., & Cropley, M. L. (1995). Depressive future-thinking: The role of valence and specificity. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 19, 35-50.
MacLeod, A. K., & Moore, R. (2000). Positive thinking revisited: Positive cognitions, well-being and mental health. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 7, 1-10.
MacLeod, A. K., Pankhania, B., Lee, M., & Mitchell, D. (1997a). Parasuicide, depression and the anticipation of positive and negative future experiences. Psychological Medicine, 27, 973-977.
MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P., Tyrer, P., Schmidt, U., Davidson, K., & Thompson, S. (2005). Hopelessness and positive and negative future thinking in parasuicide, British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 495-504.
MacLeod, A. K., Rose, G. S., & Williams, M. G. (1993). Components of hopelessness about the future in parasuicide. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17, 441-455.
MacLeod, A. K., & Salaminiou, E. (2001). Reduced positive future-thinking in depression: Cognitive and affective factors. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 99-107.
MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P., Davdson, K., Thornton, S., & Catalan, J. (1998). Recovery of positive future thinking within a high-risk parasuicide group: Results from a pilot randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 37, 371-379.
MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P., Kentish, J., Carroll, F., & Hunter, E. (1997). Anxiety, depression and explanation-based pessimism for future positive and negative events. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 4, 15-24.
MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P., Kentish, J., & Jacobsen, H. (1997b). Retrospective and prospective cognitions and anxiety and depression. Cognition and Emotion, 11, 467-479.
MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P., Tyrer, P., Schmidt, U., Davidson, K., & Thompson, S. (2004). Personality disorder and future-directed thinking in parasuicide. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18, 459-466.
MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P., Tyrer, P., Schmidt, U., Davidson, K., & Thompson, S. (2005). Hopelessness and positive and negative future thinking in parasuicide. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 495-504.
MacLeod, A. K., Williams, J. M. G., & Linehan, M. M. (1992). New developments in the understanding and treatment of suicidal behavior. Behavioral Psychotherapy, 20, 193-218.
Marshall, G. N., Wortman, c. B., Kusalis, J. W., Hervig, L. K., & Vickers, R. R. (1992). Distinguishing optimism from pessimism: Relations to fundamental dimensions of mood and personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 1067-1074.
Maris, R. W. (2002). Suicide. Lancet, 360, 319-26.
Melges, F. T., & Bowlby, J. (1969). Types of hopelessness in psychopathological process. Archives of General Psychiatry, 20, 690-699.
Miles, H., MacLeod, A. K., & Pote, H. (2004). Retrospective and prospective cognitions in adolescents: anxiety, depression, and positive and negative affect. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 691-701.
Needles, D. J., & Abramson, L. Y. (1990). Positive life events, attributional style, and hopelessness: Testing a model of recovery from depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99, 156-165.
Nekanda-Trepka, C. J. S., Bishop, S., & Blackburn, I. M. (1983). Hopelessness and depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 22, 49-60.
Neuringer, C. (1961). Dichotomous evaluations in suicidal individuals. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 25, 445-449.
Nelen-Hoeksema, S. (2000). The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 504-511.
Petrie, K., & Chamberlain, K. (1983). Hopelessness and social desirability as moderator variables in predicting suicidal behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 351-364.
Phillips, D. L. (1968). Social class and psychological disturbance: The influence of positive and negative experiences. Social Psychiatry, 3, 41-46.
Power, M., & Dalgleish, T. (1997). Cognition and Emotion: From Order to Disorder. Psychology Press.
Ray, C., Jefferies, S., & Weir, W. R. C. (1995). Life events and the course of chronic fatigue syndrome. British journal of Medical Psychology, 68, 323-331.
Reinecke, M. R. (2000). Suicide and Depression. In Dattilio, F. M. & Freeman, A. Cognitive-Behavioral strategies in crisis intervention. New York: The Guilford Press.
Salter, D., & Platt, S. (1990). Suicidal intent, hopelessness and depression in a parasuicide population: The influence of social desirability and elapsed time. British Journal of Clnincal Psychology, 29, 361-371.
Steer, R. A., Kumar, G., & Beck, A. T. (1993). Self-rated suicidal ideation in adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 1096-1099.
Stewart, S. M., Lam, T. H., Betson, C., & Chung, S. F. (1999). Suicide ideation and its relationship to depressed mood in a community sample of adolescents in Hong Kong. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 29, 227-240.
Stotland, E. (1969). The psychology of hope. San Francisco, CA: Jossey: Bass.
Tayloer, S. E. (1991). Asymmetrical effects of positive and negative events: The mobilization-minimization hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 375-386.
Tellegen, O. A. (1985). Structures of mood and personality and their relevance to assessing anxiety with an emphasis on self-report. In A. H. Tuma, & J. D. Maser (Eds.), Anxiety and the anxiety disorders. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.
Waikar, S. V., & Craske, M. G. (1997). Cognitive correlates of anxious and depressive symptomatology: An examination of the helplessness/hopelessness model. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11, 1-16.
Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1984). Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states. Psychological Bulletin, 96, 465-490.
Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070.
Watson, D., & Tellegen, A. (1985). Toward a consensual structure of mood. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 219-235.
Weissman, A., Beck, A. T., & Kovacs, M. (1979). Drug abuse, hopelessness, and suicidal behavior. International Journal of the Addictions, 14, 451-464.
Wetzel, R. D. (1976a). Hopelessness, depression and suicide intent. Archives of General Psychiatry, 33, 1069-1073.
Wetzel, R. D., Margulies, T., Davis, R., & Karam, E. (1980). Hopelessness, depression, and suicidal intent. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 41, 159-160.
Williams, J., & Mark, G.(1992). The psychological treatment of depression (2nd ed.). London:Rutledge.
Williams, J. M. G. (1992). The Psychological Treatment of Depression. Routledge: London.
Williams, J. M. G. (1997). Depression and the specificity of autobiographical memory. In D. C. Rubin (Ed.), Remembering Our Past-Studies in Autobiographical Memory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, J. M. G. (2001). Suicide and attempted suicide: The cry of pain. London: Penguin.
Williams, J. M. G., & Broadbent, K. (1986). Autobiographical memory in suicide attempters. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, 144-149.
Williams, J. M. G., & Scott, J. (1988). Autobiographical memory in depression. Psychological Medicine, 18, 689-695.
Young, M A., Fogg, L. F., Scheftner, W., & Fawcett, J. (1996). Stable trait components of hopelessness: Baseline and sensitivity to depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 155-165.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top