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研究生:莫巴克
研究生(外文):Abakar, Mouctar
論文名稱:中國崛起對非洲的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Rise of China and its Impacts on Africa
指導教授:嚴震生嚴震生引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:110
中文關鍵詞:Rise of ChinaAfrica
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Since Beijing launched its “open doors policy” of economic reform in the late 1970s, China has registered a sustained economic growth, which made it one of the world’s leading economies, the world’s fourth biggest economy. By early 2000s, China has not only become an economic giant, with huge markets, cheap manpower, the main destination of foreign direct investments, but China has also become a world class political power whose influence is unceasingly growing, in Asia and all over the World.
Africa, a continent often said to be marginalized and “unimportant” in the international arena is also becoming a much more coveted region by China in recent years. Not only does China intend to strengthen its “historical partnership” with Africa, but it also seeks to have access to Africa’s largely unexploited oil reserves, other raw material, and market. China’s increasing activities in Africa reflect China’s growing power and its desire to build partnerships and influence and to have access to oil supply sources.

The purpose of this study is to try to answer the question “to what extent the rise of China as a global power in world politics is impacting Africa?” Meanwhile, we will also try to answer some subsidiary questions: What Africa could expect from the rise of China?
What are China’s interests in Africa? And what are the implications of the rise of China for the relationship between Africa and Western Countries. The method used for this study consists of analyzing secondary data in order to assess and explain the rise of China and its impact on Africa.

This research concludes that the rise of China does have positive and negative impacts on Africa. China’s booming economy and its growing demands for oil and minerals constitutes an opportunity for African countries’ exports as well as a source of investments. However, China’s rise is also a source of problems for African economies as the flood of cheap Chinese products to Africa and the international markets could cause the loss of jobs and undermine the industrialization of the continent. Finally despite its growing presence in Africa, it is unlikely that China would replace the West as dominant power in Africa, at least in the near future.
Summary…………………………………………………………………………………II

Chapter 1 : Introduction ………………………..........................................................1

I. Research Motives………………………………………………….……………....4
II. Research Question………………………………………………………………...5
III. Subsidiary Questions……...……………………………………….……………...5
IV. Terms Definition………………………………….……………………………….5
V. Literature Review……………………………………….…………………………6
VI. Research Method………………...………………………………………………14
VII. The Research Procedure………………………..………………………………..14
VIII. Limitations………...……………………………………………………………..15

Chapter 2 : The Sino-African Relations: A Historical Perspective……………….17

I. Historical Background…………………….…………...………………………...17
II. The Bandung Conference of 1955……………………………………………….21
III. Zhou Enlai’s Visit to Africa…………………………………….………………..25
IV. The Relationship under Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin…………………….....29

Chapter 3 : The Rise of China in the Global Arena…………………….………….31

I. China as an Economic Power……………………………………………….…...31
II. China as Political and Military Power………………...………………………....33
1. From Economic to Political Power………………...……………………...….34
2. Diplomatic Activism……………………………………….…..…………......36
3. Multilateral Forums………………………………..………………………....38
4. Military Power…………………………………………………..……………40

Chapter 4 : China’s Presence in Africa………….………………………………….41

I. China’s “Soft Power” in Africa………………………………………………….41
1. Introduction to Soft Power……………….…………………………………...41
2. China’s Soft Power and Africa…………………………..…..………………42
II. China’s Interests in Africa…………………………..……...……………………44
1. Energy…………………………………..……………………...…….............46
2. New Markets and Investment Opportunities………………………...………47
3. Diplomacy and Development Assistance………………….…..…………….49
4. Military Cooperation…………………….……………...……...……………51
5. Building Strategic Partnership.……….……………………………...……...52

Chapter 5 : The Multiple Impacts of China’s Rise On Africa…………………….54

I. Positive Impacts……………………...………………..…………………………54
1. Market for African Products………………………………….……….……..54
2. Investment………………………….…………………………………….…..55
3. Tourism…………………………………….………………………………...57
4. Securing New Partnership………………..……………………………...…...57
5. African Seats in the United Nations Security Council……………..……...…58
II. Negative Impacts………………………………………………...……………….59
1. “Textile Tsunami”…………………………..……………..…………………59
2. Discouraging Local Industrialization………………………………....……...60
3. Depriving Africa from Foreign Direct Investment……….…………..……...61
4. Harms to the Environment…………………….……………………………..61
5. Protecting Autocratic Regimes and Reinforcing “Bad Governance”….…….62
III. Can Africa Learn from China’s Development Experience?...................................64
1. Can China’s Economic Development Experience Be Duplicated in Africa?..65
2. Africa’s Economic Conditions…………………………………………..…...67
IV. Western Countries’ Perception of China’s Increasing Interests in Africa.…….....69

Chapter 6 : Conclusion and Suggestions……………………………………………74

I. Conclusion……………………………………………..………………...………74
II. Suggestions…………………………………………………………..…………..78
III. Future Research Directions……………………………………………….……..80

References……………………………………………….…………..…………..………81

Appendix: China’s African Policy (Full text, January 2006)……………………….…...92
Books & Book Chapters


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Newspaper, Magazine and Journal Articles

Abromivici, Pierre, “United States: The New Scramble for Africa,” Le Monde Diplomatique, July 2004, at http://mondediplo.com/2004/07/07usinafrica.

Alden, Chris, “China in Africa,” Survival, Vol. 47, No.3 (Autumn 2005):147-164.

Alden, Chris, “Leveraging the Dragon, toward An Africa That Can Say No,” eAfrica March 1, 2005.

A Savoir, Liberation, Monday 15, 2006, at http;//www.liberation.fr/page.php?Article= 381984

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Chiahemen, John, “Tsunami of Cheap Goods Overwhelms African Jobs,” The New Zealand Herald, December 20, 2005.

“China-Africa Trade Surges to New High in 2005”, People Daily Online, January 06, 2006, at http://english.people.com.cn/200601/06/eng20060106_233189.html

“China Winning Resources and Loyalties of Africa,” The Financial Times, February 28, 2006, at http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/ display.article?id=7051

Deng, Yong and Moore, Thomas, G., “China Views Globalization: Toward a New Great Power Politics?” Yale Global Online, at http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/ about/pdfs/china_ views.pdf

“Fairly Looking upon Sino-African Relations,” People Daily Online May 16, 2006, at http://english.people.com.cn/200605/16/eng20060516_266153.html

French, Howard, “China in Africa: All Trade, With no Political Baggage,” New York Times, August 8, 2004.

Friedman, Thomas L., “Arms Sales Begin at Home,” New York Times, March 6, 2005, at http://www.taiwandc.org/nyt-2005-07.htm

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The Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 14, No. 42, February 2005, Special Edition about Chinese Nationalism.

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Muekalia, Domingos Jardo, “Africa and China Strategic Partnership,” Institute of Security Studies, at http://www.iss.co.za/pubs/ASR/13No1/F1.pdf
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Documents

Department of Defense (US), Annual Report to Congress, Military Power of the People’ Republic of China 2006, at http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/pdfs/China%20Report% 202006.pdf

France 2, Programme : “Un Oeil sur la Planète”, Title : “Que Fait la France en Afrique, December 5, 2005, at http://info.france2.fr/encadres/18825041-fr.php

Jiang Zemin’s speech at China-Africa Forum, at http://english.people.com.cn/english/ 200010/10/eng20001010_52238.html

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the PRC, “China’s African Policy”, January 2006, at
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Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, China and India: What's in it for Africa, March 2006, Tour Europe, OECD, Paris, at http://www.oecd.org/ dataoecd/2/ 14/36259343.pdf

The White House, “Fact Sheet: United States and India: Strategic Partnership,” at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2006/03/20060302-13.html

Williamson, John, “What Should the World Bank Think about the Washington Consensus”, The World Bank, at http://www.worldbank.org/research/journals/ wbro/obsaug00/pdf/ (6) Williamson, PDF.


Websites

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European Union.
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China.
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Yale Global Online.
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Wikipedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandung_Conference
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