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研究生:孫常德
論文名稱:海軍紀律指標建構之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Construction of R.O.C. Navy Discipline Indicator
指導教授:林顯宗林顯宗引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:行政管理碩士學程
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:290
中文關鍵詞:軍隊紀律紀律指標德爾菲法軍事組織特性軍紀評核制度組織控制
外文關鍵詞:military disciplinediscipline indicatorDelphi Methodthe characteristics of military organizationthe system of military discipline examinationorganization control
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研究主旨在於探討軍紀概念的理論基礎,完成海軍軍紀指標的理論性建構,以茲作為未來在實務層面建立專業紀律評核制度之依據。本研究主要有五個研究目的:(一)就「軍紀評核制度」的完備性而言,探討「軍紀」組成構面暨發展各構面之指標項目。(二)探討這些指標項目對於評量部隊之軍紀實況的代表性和有效性。(三)探討這些指標項目對於評量部隊違反紀律所造成之影響的代表性和有效性。(四)探討這些指標項目對於區辨出軍紀事件之「肇因性質」係屬「意外」或「非意外」的代表性和有效性。(五)依據研究結果,提出具體建議,以供海軍未來擬定軍紀政策及相關學術研究之參考。
本研究為達成上述之目的,先根據文獻探討結果,建立海軍紀律指標的理論基礎,並審視國軍現行相關法規,據以演繹出「軍紀」具有生活、工作、訓練和戰鬥等四個構面。繼之運用「修正型德爾菲法」實施兩回合問卷調查,藉由專家小組反覆性意見回饋,及其對指標項目之「重要性」意見的統計結果,以及專家小組成員在意見上的「一致性」與「穩定性」的統計分析,以驗證各項指標的代表性和有效性,完成「海軍紀律指標」的理論建構。本研究指標項目總數96項,扣除無效指標4項,有效指標計有92項,其中主要指標47項,次要指標45項。
根據研究結果之統計資料分析,有以下四項之主要研究發現:
(一)本研究建構之紀律指標,其中滿分指標與無效指標,這兩種極端情形均佔總數的比率極低;另外,主要指標與次要指標佔總數的比率極高,且分配情形呈現出相當的對稱性。(二)可提供未來評核紀律的專業基準。(三)軍紀指標應兼顧「質性」與「量性」指標,方能建立合理公平的評核制度。(四)著手應然面的學術研究,可提供軍隊實然面的制度改革。
In this essay the author looks from the theoretical inquiry about the military discipline to construct the R.O.C. Navy discipline indicators. The construction is to be the base that establishing academically the system of Navy discipline examination further. There are five purposes of this research. Firstly, the purpose is to explore that the military discipline contains which dimensions and each dimension of military discipline contains which indicators, serves to develop further the system of Navy discipline examination. Secondly, the purpose is to explore those indicators if estimate accurately actual condition of army discipline. Thirdly, the purpose is to explore those indicators if estimate appropriately effects on the army that caused by discipline disobey. Fourthly, the purpose is to explore those indicators if distinguish incident from non-incident about the essentiality of causes of discipline disobey. Fifthly, in accordance with major findings to provide suggestions for improving the military discipline policy and academic investigation.
For achieving the five purposes aforementioned, after reviewing some relevant references, completes the theoretical construction of the military discipline indicator. Meanwhile, after reviewing the regulations and rules of R.O.C. military discipline, deduces that military discipline contains four dimensions of life discipline、work discipline、training discipline and combat discipline. In short, there are 96 R.O.C. Navy discipline indicators deduced by theoretical construction and existing regulations. Then, expert panel constituted that consists of 10 experts whose specialty are about military discipline. Applying Modified Delphi Technique processes two times questionnaire anonymously answered by expert panel. Verifying the propriety of the constructions is based on interaction and feedback of the expert’s opinion through the two times questionnaire anonymously. After the estimation of importance、consensus and stability of 96 Navy discipline indicators, finds out that 4 indicators are irrelevant, the others are relevant. Some of the relevant indicators, including 47 indicators are first grade indicators, 45 indicators are second grade indicators.
According as statistical results indicated that:(1)Those two extreme kinds of full marks indicators and irrelevant indicators are few in the constructions. Also, the percentage of the first grade indicators and the second grade indicators are high in the construction that consists of 96 indicators. Both of the indicators distribute symmetrically. (2)The findings have served to establish academically the system of Navy discipline examination further. (3)Military indicator in constructing should consider after both sides of qualitative assessment and quantitative assessment that will enable the system of Navy discipline examination to practice reasonably and equitably. (4)Academic research will contribute to revolution in military affairs of discipline examination further.
第一章 緒論 ……………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景 ………………………………………………1
第二節 研究動機與目的 ………………………………………5
第三節 重要名詞釋義 …………………………………………8
第二章 文獻探討 ………………………………………………12
第一節 軍隊的組織特性與紀律 ………………………………12
第二節 軍隊的組織控制與紀律 ………………………………20
第三節 軍紀評核制度 …………………………………………33
第四節 海軍紀律指標建構 ……………………………………40
第三章 研究方法 ………………………………………………56
第一節 研究流程與架構 ………………………………………56
第二節 德爾菲法的運用 ………………………………………60
第三節 研究對象與研究工具 …………………………………67
第四節 資料收集與處理 ………………………………………71
第四章 研究結果 ………………………………………………76
第一節 第一回合問卷調查結果 ………………………………76
第二節 第二回合問卷調查結果………………………………114
第三節 研究結果分析…………………………………………169
第五章 結論……………………………………………………224
第一節 主要研究發現…………………………………………224
第二節 研究討論………………………………………………229
第三節 研究限制………………………………………………233
第四節 建議……………………………………………………236
參考文獻 …………………………………………………………239
ㄧ、中文部分…………………………………………………239
二、英文部分…………………………………………………241
附錄一、第一回合問卷 ………………………………………246
附錄二、第二回合問卷 ………………………………………270
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