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研究生:周家瑜
論文名稱:財產權與統一性─康德社會契約論之研究
論文名稱(外文):Property and Unity:A Study of Kant's Social Contract Theory
指導教授:孫善豪孫善豪引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:政治研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:康德契約論財產權統一性原初契約霍布斯
外文關鍵詞:Kantsocial contract theorypropertyunityoriginal social contractHobbes
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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本文主旨是要說明:就《道德形上學》的論述而言,康德在何種意義上能夠被視為一個契約論思想家。本文將從兩條線索出發來理解康德所提出的契約論,這兩條線索分別是:康德的財產權理論、以及契約論中處理政治權威正當性時所必須面對的統一性問題。
本文認為:康德所提出的作為理念的原初契約,是一種提供給已處身在政治社會之下的個人,去設想當下所面對的法律強制力之正當性的方式。藉由康德在《純粹理性批判》之中對於「理念」的界定,可以將賦予原初契約一個確實的契約作用:人民的同意。儘管是一個被想像的同意,但康德賦予它積極的意義即形塑公民為一個自主、自律的主體,因此,在這個面向上,本文認為康德提出了儘管與霍布斯、洛克、盧梭迥異但卻仍然極富意義的契約論。
The purpose of this thesis is that Kant should be seen as a theorist of the social contract theory in the discourse of the Metaphysics of Morals. This thesis will perceive the social contract theory provided by Kant in accordance to two clues, including the theory of property and the problem of unity.
The main point of the thesis is that the original social contract as an idea of reason is the method providing for the individual existing in the civil society of constructing the legitimacy of the political authority. By definition of “Idea” in Critique of Pure reason, Kant gives the original social contract a meaningful function: the consent of people. Though the consent is a concept imagined by the people, Kant gives it a positive meaning of forming the people to the independent subject in politics.
In conclusion, this thesis claims that Kant provided a meaningful social contract theory different from other theorists in the social contract tradition, such as Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau.
引註凡例
導論
第一節 研究源起
第二節 問題意識與文獻檢閱 第三節 章節安排 第一章、從《道德形上學》看財產權與統一性問題
第一節 在自然狀態與市民狀態下的財產權 第二節 原初契約提供統一性 第三節 小結:康德為何是契約論者? 第二章、康德在契約論的定位:相對於霍布斯、洛克、盧梭 第一節 洛克的契約論 第二節 霍布斯的契約論 第三節 盧梭的契約論 第三章 結論 參考文獻
西文著作
Books
Bobbio, N.
1993 Thomas Hobbes and The Natural Law Tradition, The University of Chicago Press.
Boucher, David and Kelly, Paul
1994 The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls, London and New York Press.
Gierke, Otto Von
1966 The Development of Political Theory. translated by Bernard Freyd, New York: Norton & Company Press.
Hobbes, Thomas
1994 Leviathan, ed. Edwin Curley, Hackett Publishing Company.
Lessnoff, Michael ed.
1990 Social Contract Theory, Printed in Great Britain by Billing & Sons Ltd, Worcester, Basil Blackwell Press.
Macpherson, C. B.
1962 The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism, London:Oxford Univ. Press.
Minogue, Kenneth.
1980 The Concept of Property and Its Contemporary Significance. In J.R. Pennock & J.W. Chapman eds., Property ( NOMOS XXII ), New York: New York University Press.
Mullholland, Leslie Arthur
1990. Kant’s System of Rights. New York: Columbia University Press.
1983.
Macpherson, C. B.
1978 The Meaning of Property. In C. B. Macpherson ed., Property, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Riley, Patrick.
1982 Will and Political Legitimacy:A Critical Exposition of Social Contract Theory in Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Hegel. Harvard University Press.
Kant’s Political Philosophy. New Jersey: Rowman & Allanheld.
Shell, Susan.
1980 The Rights of Reason:A study of Kant’s philosophy and Politics. London: University of Toronto Press.
Williams, Howard.
1983 Kant’s Political Philosophy. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Articles:
Baynes, Kenneth.
1989. "Kant on Property Right and the Social Contract." The Monist, Vol. 48, 433-53.
Caygill, Howard.
1995. A Kant Dictionary, Oxford:Blackwell.
Day. J.P.
1966. "Locke on Property." The Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 16, No.64, History of Philosophy Number.(Jul. 1966, 207-220.
Dodson. Kevin E.
1975. "Autonomy and Authority in Kant’s Rechtslehre." Political Theory, Vol. 25, No.1(Feb. 1997, 93-111.
Flikshuh, Kartin.
1999. "Freedom and Constraint In Kant’s Metaphysical Elements of Justice." History of Political Thought, Vol. XX, No.2, Summer 1999, 250-71
1997. "On Kant’s Rechtslehre." Europea Journal of Philosophy , Vol. 5, Issue.1, 50-73
Goerner. E. A.
1975. "On Patrick Riley’s On Kant as the most Adequate of the Social Contract Theorist." Political Theory, Vol. 3, No.4 ( Nov., 1975 ), 467-468.
Gregor, Mary
1988. "Kant’s Theory of Property." Review of Metaphysics, No.41(June), 757-87.
1993. "Kant on Obligation, Rights and Virtue." Annual Review of Law and Ethics, Bd. 1, 69-102.
1995. " Natural Right or Natural Law?” Annual Review of Law and Ethics, Bd. 3, 11-35.
Kant, Immanuel
1990 Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, tr. H. J. Paton, New York:Harper & Row Publishers.
1991 Kant:Political Writings, tr. H.B. Nisbet, ed. Hans Reiss, Cambridge Univ. Press.
1996 The Metaphysics of Morals, edited by Mary Gregor.
1997 Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, tr. Theodore M. Greene and Hoyt H. Houston, Harper & Row Publishers.
2000 Critique of Pure Reason, tr. Paul Guyer and Allen Wood, Cambridge Univ. Press.
Ladd, John
1984. "Kant’s Political Philosophy." Political Theory, No.41(Feb.), 124-27.
Lewis W. Beck.
1992. Ed.. Chadwick, Ruth F. Cazeux, Clive. Critical Assessments II.p. 399-411. London ; New York : Routledge.
Locke, John
1980 Second Treatise of Government, ed. C. B. Macpherson, Hackett Publishing Company.
Lopata, Benjamin B.
1973. "Property Theory in Hobbes." Political Theory, vol.1, No.2(May, 1973), 203-18.
Ludwig, Bernd.
1990. "The Right of a State in Immanuel Kant’s Doctrine of Right." Journal of the History of Philosophy,.28:3(July),403-15.
Pitkin, Hanna.
1964. "Hobbes’s Concept of Representation--I." The American Political Science Review, Vol. 58, No.2 ( Jun. ), 328-340.
1964. "Hobbes’s Concept of Representation--II." The American Political Science Review, Vol. 58, No.4 ( Dec. ), 902-18.
Riley. Patrick.
1973. "On Kant as the most Adequate of the Social Contract Theorist." Political Theory, Vol. 1, No.4(Nov.,1973), 450-471.
1978. "On Susan Shell’s “Kant’s Theory of Property”." Political Theory, Vol. 6, No.1(February,1978), 91-99.
Riedel, Manfred.
1981. "Transcendental Politics?Political Legitimacy and the Concept of Civil Society in Kant." Social Research, Vol. 48, 588-613.
Rousseau, J. J.
1983 Discourse on the Origin of Inequality in On the Social Contract and Discourses, tr. Donal A. Cress, Hackett Publishing Company, pp. 105-61.
1983 On the Social Contract in On the Social Contract and Discourses, tr. Donal A. Cress, Hackett Publishing Company, pp. 15-103.
Seebom, Thomas.
1981. "Kant’s Theory of Revolution." Social Research, Vol. 48, 557-87.
Shell, Susan.
1978. "Kant’s theory of Property." Political Theory, Vol. 6, No.1 ( Nov.,1978 ), 75-90.
Tierney, Brian.
2001. "Kant on Property: The Problem of Permissive Law." Journal of History of Ideas, Vol. 48, 72, 301-12.
Yang, Chih-Sheng.
2005. "Right Has To Be Right: Why Hegel Presents His Ethics in A Philosophy of Right." Philosophy, Culture, & Traditions, Vol. 3, 105-113.
中文譯著
卡西勒(Cassirer, Ernst)
1983《國家的神話》,黃漢青、陳衛平譯,台北:成均出版社。
1984《啟蒙運動的哲學》,李日章譯,台北:聯經出版社。
登特列夫( A.P.d’Entreves )
2000《自然法─法律哲學導論》,李日章譯,台北:聯經。
康德( Kant, Immanuel )
1990 《道德底形上學之基礎》,李明輝譯,台北:聯經。
1991 《法的形而上學原理》,沈叔平譯,北京:商務印書館。
1997 《單純理性限度內的宗教》,李秋零譯,漢語基督教文化研究所。
2002 《康德歷史哲學論文集》,李明輝譯,台北:聯經。
2004 《純粹理性批判》,鄧曉芒、楊祖陶譯,台北:聯經。
列奧‧史特勞斯( Strauss, Leo )
2005《自然權利與歷史》,彭剛譯,台北:左岸。
塔利( Tully, James )
2001 《語境中的洛克》,梅雪芹,石楠,張煒等譯,上海:華東師範大學出版社。
中文著作
沈清松
1995 〈盧梭社會契約論的評析:一個奠基性迷思的轉變〉,《民主理論:古典與現代》,張福建、蘇文流主編,中央研究院中山人文社會科學研究所專書( 35 ),51─72。
林國基
2005《神義論語境中的社會契約論傳統》,上海:華東師範大學出版社。
孫善豪
1995 〈超驗幻象與拜物教〉,《哲學雜誌》,第十一期:208─223。
2002 〈價值形式與統治形式:對社會契約論的一個馬克思式的理解〉,《政治與社會哲學評論》,第二期:47─83。
許國賢
1993 《馬克弗森─民主的政治哲學》,台北:東大圖書出版社。
許漢
1999 〈國家之理據與合法性 – 對於契約論的證立理論的一些初步反省〉於【台灣哲學會1999年會暨學術研討會】,台北。
勞思光
《康德知識論要義新編》,香港:中文大學出版社。
蕭高彥
2001 〈從共和主義到激進民主─盧梭的政治秩序論〉,《自由主義》,蔡英文、張福建主編,中央研究院中山人文社會科學研究所專書( 49 ):1─24。
2001 〈立法家、政治空間、與民族文化─盧梭的政治創造論〉,《政治科學論叢》,第十四期:25─46。
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