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研究生:陳慧琴
研究生(外文):Fay Chen
論文名稱:葛瑞漢・史威夫特之《水之鄉》的游牧空間思想
論文名稱(外文):Nomadism in Graham Swift’s Waterland
指導教授:柯克柯克引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rufus Cook
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系碩博士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:說故事球莖遊牧思想流變慾望
外文關鍵詞:nomad thoughtbecomingrhizomestorytellingdesire
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摘 要

德勒茲及瓜塔里在其探討差異、多樣、及流變理論的著作《千高台》中,描述遊牧是一種由「戰爭機器」創造及繁衍 「游牧空間」的過程。這兩位哲學家利用游牧抗爭的隱喻探討個人如何逃脫社會邊界限制以釋放本能慾望。史威夫特在《水之鄉》這本批判啟蒙之歷史小說中,也藉由「填海」的概念呈現一種遊牧式的說故事過程。此過程可助人面對生活中的悲劇。本論文應用德勒茲及瓜塔里的觀念進一步討論《水之鄉》。
小說主角湯姆為了處理中年危機,放棄傳統歷史課程,並藉由反覆不斷的說故事,重拾家鄉費恩蘭的河川土地、人物鬼魂、歷史及傳說,嘗試建構一個具有球莖本質的真實世界。湯姆的敘述宛如一種「戰爭機器」,藉其拼湊形式、疏離策略、時空倒置及感官刺激,提供聽者多種的詮釋「入口」及「出口」。即使湯姆在此循環過程中了解到敘述「最完整及最終版本」的不可能性,他逐漸讓自己遵循本能的回歸慾望,讓好奇心帶領他不斷地說故事,並藉此敘述過程形成一條「流變-鰻魚」及「流變-遊牧者」的「逃逸線」以跳脫啟蒙思想的框架。《水之鄉》探討的不單是藉由說故事嘗試了解真實世界,更強調永不停息的遊牧過程來學習生活。

關鍵字:遊牧思想,球莖,說故事,流變,慾望
Nomadism in Graham Swift’s Waterland
Abstract

Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, in A Thousand Plateau (1980), a book which theorizes difference, multiplicity, and becoming, describe nomadism as the process of “the war machine” creating and propagating “nomad space.” The philosophers use the metaphor of nomad resistance to suggest a way of escaping from social boundaries and restrictions to liberate primordial desire energies. Graham Swift’s Waterland (1983), as a historiographic novel in its critique of the Enlightenment, also suggests a nomadic—“land reclamation”—process of storytelling as a way to cope with terrible events in life. This thesis applies several of Deleuze and Guattari’s key concepts to generate further dialogue on Waterland.
To cope with his mid-life crisis, Tom Crick abandons traditional history lessons to reconstruct a reality that is rhizomatic nature. In the process, he retrieves the Fenlands water and landscape, people and ghosts, history and mysteries from his past. Tom’s narrative exemplifies a type of “war machine” in its collage form, defamiliarizing strategies, disrupted chronology, and sensory activation. In providing multiple “entryways” and “exits,” Tom’s stories invite multiple interpretations from his audience. Tom, while realizing the impossibility of ever telling “the complete and final version” of his stories, gradually finds a “line of flight” in “becoming-eel” and “becoming-nomad” as he allows himself to be guided by an instinctual desire to return to his past in order to tell more stories. The novel not only discusses what storytelling means to Tom, but values the nomadic process of continuous storytelling to learn how to live.

Keywords: nomad thought, rhizome, storytelling, becoming, desire
Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction --------------------------------------------1

Chapter Two: The Rhizome ---------------------------------------------16

Chapter Three: Nomadic Narrative -------------------------------------31

Chapter Four: Becomings ----------------------------------------------52

Chapter Five: Conclusion ---------------------------------------------67



Works Cited ----------------------------------------------------------81
Works Cited

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