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研究生:邱瑞杰
研究生(外文):Chieh-Chiu Jui
論文名稱:毫米波三倍頻器與混頻器單晶微波積體電路及被動電路之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Millimeter-Wave Tripler, Mixer MMICs and Passive Circuits
指導教授:王永和王永和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yeong-Her Wang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:微電子工程研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:毫米波被動電路MMIC
外文關鍵詞:MMICMillimeter-WavePassive Circuit
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本論文著眼於毫米波三倍頻器的設計與各項主要的被動電路的設計。在三倍頻器的設計,以平衡式的基本架構,提出一個新的架構,設計出操作在Ka band的毫米波三倍頻。在被動電路方面,針對較常用的功率分配器(Power divider)與蘭吉耦合器(Lange coupler)提出新式改良,使得電路可以克服在PCB的設計上的問題。
毫米波三倍頻器方面,為了達到毫米波的頻率,採用國家晶片中心(CIC)透過WIN半導體公司提供的PHEMT製程,採用單晶微波積體電路(millimeter- wave monolithic integrated circuit,MMIC)的製程。以新式的Balanced的架構提出一個操作在Ka 頻帶,有良好輸出特性的單晶微波積體電路(MMIC)。此新式的Balanced的架構,有效的結合了,PHEMT電晶體、功率分配合器、移相器、L-C Tank濾波器,得到一個不錯的輸出結果。
被動電路方面,主要設計的重點為一分三個的功率分配器,與兩種不同結構的蘭吉耦合器。其中,一分三的功率分配器,利用耦合線具阻抗轉換的功能,成功的解決了,傳統上一分三的功率分配器無法平面化的問題。而蘭吉耦合器方面,分別利用微帶線-共平面波導的轉換,有效的解決傳統蘭吉耦合器須要Bonding wires的問題,同時結合CPW耦合線的結構,調整耦合線的間距,以適合即有的PCB製程。另一面,針對三條耦合線的整理出適合的方程式,使得所提出的結構,更加的完整。
In this dissertation, a novel millimeter-wave tripler, a high performance millimeter-wave mixer and a full range phase control active phase shifter will be developed firstly for the communication system applications.
To operate a circuit in mm-wave frequency, the monolithic microwave integrated circuit tripler and mixer are fabricated on 100µm-thick GaAs substrates using 0.15µm InGaAs/AlGaAs/GaAs PHEMT technology. The proposed new structures of the balanced tripler and star mixer are composed of PHEMTs, power divider, coupler, phase delay line and LC tank filter. From the measured results, the proposed structures are more compact with excellent performance.
Then, a 360-degree full range active phase shifter consists of a novel coupler circuit, variable gain amplifiers and a four-way power combiner is demonstrated. Based on the novel coupler and the vector sum method, the control mechanism of this novel phase shifter is discussed in depth, which also can support 360 degrees full range phase control.
In passive elements, a novel planar three-way power divider and two kinds of Lange couplers are proposed. Based on the conventional coupled line technology, the proposed three-way power divider can modify the problem of conventional Wilkinson three-way power divider from a three-dimensional configuration into two-dimension, meanwhile to keep the length of the circuit to be λ/4. The planar structure enables circuit easily designed in printed circuit boards and monolithic microwave integrated circuits.
The proposed Lange couplers are implemented by microstrip–to-coplanar waveguide (CPW) via-hole transitions and CPW couple line structure. As compared to the conventional Lange coupler, the proposed couplers have the advantages of increasing coupled line widths and coupling spacing without using extra bonding wires. In addition, the proposed structure can easily be realized in a single–layer substrate by printed circuit board manufacturing processes to eliminate the effects and uncertain factors from a multi-layer substrate. Finally, a suitable model of the proposed 3dB coupler structure is also established.
CONTENTS
CHINESE ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………I
ENGLISH ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………III
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS…………………………………………………………V
CONTENTS………………………………………………………………………VI
FIGURE CAPTIONS……………………………………………………………VIII
TABLE CAPTIONS……………………………………………………………XIII


CHAPTER 1 Introduction…………………………………………………………1
1.1 Background………………………………………………………1
1.2 Wireless Communication Systems…………………………………2
1.3 Organization…………………………………………………………5

CHAPTER 2 A 12 to 36 GHz PHEMT MMIC Balanced Frequency Tripler……9
2.1 Introduction………………………………………………………9
2.2 Design of the Balanced Tripler Configuration………………………11
2.3 Tripler Circuit Simulation and Fabrication………………………21
2.4 Measured Tripler Performance…………………………………25
2.5 Summary……………………………………………………………32

CHAPTER 3 A Millimeter-wave Diode-ring Star Mixer Integrated with Biased Baluns…………………… ………………………………35
3.1 Introduction………………………………………………35
3.2 Design of the Proposed Star Mixer Configuration………………38
3.3 Circuit Simulation and Fabrication………………………………41
3.4 Measured Star Mixer Performance………………………………43
3.5 Summary…………………………………………………………48

CHAPTER 4 A Novel 360 Degree Full Range Active Quadratue Phase Shifter..49
4.1 Introduction………………………………………………………49
4.2 Circuit Design Concept…………………………………………52
4.3 Fabrication and Performance……………………………………58
4.4 Summary…………………………………………………………62

CHAPTER 5 A Novel Planar Three-way Power Divider…………………………65
5.1 Introduction………………………………………………………65
5.2 Analysis of the Three-way Power Divider………………………68
5.3 Measured Result and Discussion…………………………………72
5.4 Summary.…………………………………………………………79

CHAPTER 6 A PCB-Compatible 3dB Coupler Using Microstrip-to-CPW Via-
Hole Transitions……………………………………………………81
6.1 Introduction………………………………………………………82
6.2 Circuit Design Concept……………………………………………84
6.3 Implementation and Performance Implementation………………90
6.4 Summary…………………………………………………………96

CHAPTER 7 A 3dB Quadrature Coupler Suitable for PCB Circuit Design………99
7.1 Introduction………………………………………………………99
7.2 Circuit Layout and Analysis…………………………………103
7.3 Implementation of the 3dB Quadrature Coupler………………110
7.4 Summary………………………………………………………122

CHAPTER 8 Conclusion and Future Works…………………………………….125
8.1 Concluding Remarks ……………………………………………125
8.2 Future Works……………………………………………………127

REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………129
VITA………………………………………………………………………………139
PUBLICATION LISTS…………………………………………………………140
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