跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.169.3) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/12/01 02:23
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:莊淙羽
研究生(外文):Carla Tsung-Yu Chuang
論文名稱:手語和口語的照應替代形式研究
論文名稱(外文):Anaphoric Proforms in Signed and Spoken Language
指導教授:畢樂仁
指導教授(外文):Loren A. Billings
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:替代形式臺灣手語語言機制主謂語分類詞性的一致
外文關鍵詞:proformlanguage modalityTaiwan Sign Languagegender agreement
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:486
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:51
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本論文討論語言機制如何影響手語及口語的構詞性附著替代形式在言語的表面形式上的分布位置。文中首先指明了手語和口語兩個機制在生理上的差異並且點明手語能同時表達多個附著替代形式語素。接著,依照語言機制的限制比較附著替代形式在塔加洛(Tagalog)語、保加利亞(Bulgarian)語和台灣手語語句中的分布位置,可以發現手語和口語在構詞和音韻上不僅有共同處也有其各異的特徵。台灣手語中的主體和背景替代形式與空間動詞在其表面形式可以共同出現,不需要像口語人稱代名詞的附著形式受限於線性的表達方式。此外,多數台灣手語動詞與其主語的性別一致而空間動詞與其主語所指涉物的語意和外形的名詞分類一致。
This thesis concerns the effect of language modality on the distribution of morphologically bound proforms in signed and spoken languages. It first specifies which physiological differences existing in the two modalities and justifies the compelling simultaneous surface representation of signed proforms. It then making use of the comparison of spoken Bulgarian and Tagalog to Taiwan Sign Language (TSL) reveals shared and distinct properties in phonology and morphology based on the interaction between modality and the language structures on proform alignment. Not necessarily to be linearly ordered as the spoken pronominal bound forms, the Figure and Ground proforms and TSL spatial verbs being articulated simultaneously consist of polymorphemic predicates. In addition, such predicate with a spatial verb also encodes gender agreement morphology based on semantic or physical properties of denoted nouns. While the sex-based gender agreement can occur with every kind of verb except spatial verbs.
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Sign languages in the history of language study 1
1.2 Language structure and linguistic modality 3
1.3 Focus and organization of the thesis 7
Chapter 2. Temporal Sequencing in Spoken Proforms 9
2.1 Kinds of bound proforms in spoken languages 9
2.2 Verb-adjacent pronominal clitic clusters in Bulgarian and Tagalog 15
2.2.1 The ordering of verb-adjacent pronominal clitics in Bulgarian 18
2.2.2 The ordering of verb-adjacent pronominal clitics in Tagalog 21
Chapter 3. Simultaneity in Sign Language’s Use of Proforms 26
3.1 Compounds: An introduction to simultaneity in sign morphology 27
3.2 Referential verbal agreement 33
3.3 Spatial verbs and simultaneous proforms 42
Chapter 4. Implications 49
4.1 Speculations about the morphosyntax of TSL bound proforms 49
4.2 The extent of eye-gaze spreading 52
4.3 The morphosemantics of proforms in TSL 53
Chapter 5. Conclusion 59
References 61
Appendix A: Notational conventions and abbreviations 72
Appendix B: Sampling Israeli Sign Language data coding 73
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2003. “Classifiers in spoken and signed languages: How to know more.” In Perspectives on classifier constructions in sign languages, ed. Karen Emmorey. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 87–90.
Alexiadou, Artemis, and Elena Anagnostopoulou. 1998. “Parameterizing Agr: Word order, V-movement, and EPP-checking.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 16/3. 491–539.
Anderson, Stephen R. 1993. “Wackernagel’s revenge: Clitics, morphology, and the syntax of second position.” Language 69/1. 68–98.
Anderson, Stephen R. 1996. “How to put your clitics in their place, or why the best account of second-position phenomena may be something like the optimal one.” The Linguistic Review 13/3–4. 165–91.
Anderson, Stephen R. 2005. Aspects of the theory of clitics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Aronoff, Mark, Irit Meir, Carol Padden, and Wendy Sandler. 2003. “Classifier constructions and morphology in two sign languages.” In Perspectives on classifier constructions in sign languages, ed. Karen Emmorey. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 53–84.
Aronoff, Mark, Irit Meir, and Wendy Sandler. 2005. “The paradox of sign language morphology.” Language 81/2. 301–44.
Battison, Robin. 1978. Lexical borrowing in American Sign Language. Silver Spring, MD: Linstok Press.
Bellugi, Ursula, and Susan Fischer. 1972. “A comparison of sign language and spoken language.” Cognition 1. 173–200.
Billings, Loren A. 2002. “Phrasal clitics.” Journal of Slavic Linguistics 10/1–2. 53–104.
Billings, Loren, and Abigail Konopasky. 2002a. “Morphology’s role in ordering verb-adjacent clitics.” In Proceedings of the 21st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, ed. Line Mikkelsen and Christopher Potts. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press, 29–42.
Billings, Loren, and Abigail Konopasky. 2002b. “The role of morphology in ordering verb-adjacent clitics: Form syntax to prosody in Bulgarian and Tagalog.” Linguistics in Potsdam 19. 1–26.
Billings, Loren, and Abigail Konopasky. 2003a. “Further arguments for morphology: Clitics and the shift to affixhood.” In Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Languages: The Amherst Meeting 2002, ed. Wayles Browne, Ji-Yung Kim, Barbara H. Partee, and Robert A. Rothstein. (Michigan Slavic materials, 48.) Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications, 83–102.
Billings, Loren, and Abigail Konopasky. 2003b. “Reassessing the role of syntax inside the morphological word: Verb-adjacent clitics in Tagalog and Bulgarian.” Cornell Working Papers in Linguistics 19, 20–34.
Blake, Barry J. 1994. Case. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bloomfield, Leonard. 1933. Language. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
Brentari, Diane. 1995. “Sign language phonology.” In The handbook of phonological theory, ed. John A. Goldsmith. (Blackwell handbooks in linguistics, 1.) Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 615–39.
Brentari, Diane. 1998. A prosodic model of sign language phonology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Brentari, Diane, and John Goldsmith. 1993. “Secondary licensing and the nondominant hand in ASL phonology.” In Current issues in ASL phonology, ed. Geoffrey R. Coulter. (Phonetics and phonology, 3.) New York: Academic Press, 19–42.
Browne, Wayles. 1974. “On the problem of enclitic placement in Serbo-Croatian.” In Slavic transformational syntax, ed. Richard D. Brecht and Catherine V. Chvany. (Michigan Slavic materials, 10.) Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications, 36–52.
Chang, Jung-hsing, Shiou-fen Su, and James H-Y. Tai. 2005. “Classifier predicates reanalyzed, with special reference to Taiwan Sign Language.” Language and Linguistics 6/2. 247–78.
Chomsky, Noam. 1981. Lectures on government and binding. Dordrecht: Foris.
Collins, Chris. 1997. Local economy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Collins-Ahlgren, Marianne. 1990. “Spatial-locative predicates in Thai Sign Language.” In Sign language research: Theoretical issues, ed. Ceil Lucas. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 103–17.
Corbett, Greville G. 1991. Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Corbett, Greville G, and Norman M. Fraser. 2000. “Gender assignment: A typology and a model”. In Systems of nominal classification, ed. Grunter Senft. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 293–325.
Corina, David. 1990. “Handshape assimilations in hierarchical phonological representation.” In Sign language research: Theoretical issues, ed. Ceil Lucas. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 27–49.
Corina, David. 1996. “ASL syllables and prosodic constraints.” Lingua 98/1–3. 73–102.
Corina, David, and Wendy Sandler. 1993. “On the nature of phonological structure in sign language.” Phonology 10/2. 165–207.
Corina, David P., Lucila San Jose-Robertson, Andre Guillemin, Julia High, and Allen R. Braun. 2003. “Language lateralization in a bimanual language.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 15/5. 718–30.
Crystal, David. 1997. A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Emmorey, Karen. 1995. “Processing the dynamic visual-spatial morphology of signed languages.” In Morphological aspects of language processing: Crosslinguistic perspectives, ed. Laurie M. Feldman. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 29–54.
Fischer, Susan D. 1996. “The role of agreement and auxiliaries in sign language.” Lingua 98/1–3. 103–19.
Fischer, Susan D., and Bonnie Gough. 1978. “Verbs in American Sign Language.” Sign Language Studies 7/18. 17–48.
Friedman, Lynn. 1975. “Space, time, and person reference in American Sign Language.” Language 51/4. 940–61.
Gleason, Jean B. 1979. [Review of Klima et al. (1979).] Science 205/4412. 1253–54.
Halle, Morris, and Alec Marantz. 1993. “Distributed morphology and the pieces of inflection.” In The view from Building 20: Essays in linguistics in honor of Sylvain Bromberger, ed. Kenneth Hale and Samuel J. Keyser. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 111–76.
Hickok, Gregory, Ursula Bellugi, and Edward S. Klima; illustrations by Peter Stemler. 2001. “Sign language in the brain.” Scientific American 287/4. 46–53.
Hockett, Charles F. 1958. A course in modern linguistics. New York: Macmillan.
Huang, Lillian M., Elizabeth Zeitoun, Marie M. Yeh, Anna H. Chang, and Joy J. Wu. 1999. “A typological study of pronominal systems in some Formosan languages.” Selected papers from the Fifth International Conference on Chinese Linguistics, ed. Wang Hsu, Feng-fu Tsao, and Chin-fa Lien. Taipei: Crane, 165–98.
Hulst, Harry van der. 1996. “On the other hand.” Lingua 98/1–3. 121–43.
Hulst, Harry van der, and Anne Mills. 1996. “Issues in sign linguistics: Phonetics, phonology and morpho-syntax.” Lingua 98/1–3. 3–17.
Jackendoff, Ray. 1987. “The status of thematic relations in linguistic theory.” Linguistic Inquiry 18/3. 369–411.
Jackendoff, Ray. 1990. Semantic structures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Jackendoff, Ray. 1997. The architecture of the language faculty. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kayne, Richard S. 1994. The antisymmery of syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Klima, Edward S., and Ursula Bellugi, with Robbin Battison, Penny Boyes-Braem, Susan Fishcer, Nancy Frishberg, Harlan Lane, Ella Mae Lentz, Don Newkirk, Elissa Newport, Carlene Canady Pedersen, and Patricia Siple. 1979. The signs of language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Li, Yi-Hsien. in progress. Verbal inflection in Taiwan Sign Language: A distributed morphology approach. Chiayi: National Chung Cheng University thesis.
Liddell, Scott K. 1984. “THINK and BELIEVE: Sequentiality in American Sign Language.” Language 60/2. 372–92.
Liddell, Scott K. 1990. “Four functions of a locus: Reexamining the structure of space in ASL.” In Sign language research: Theoretical issues, ed. Ceil Lucas. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 176–98.
Liddell, Scott K. 1995. “Real, surrogate, and token space: Grammatical consequences in ASL.” In Language, gesture, and space, ed. Karen Emmorey and Judy S. Reilly. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 19–41.
Liddell, Scott K., and Robert E. Johnson. 1989/2001. “American Sign Language: The phonological base.” Sign Language Studies 18/64. 195–277. (Republished in Valli, Clayton, and Ceil Lucas. Linguistics of American Sign Language: An introduction, 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press (Clerc Books), 267–306.)
Lillo-Martin, Diane. 2002. “Where are all the modality effects?” In Modality and structure in signed and spoken languages, ed. Richard P. Meier, Kearsy Cormier, and David Quinto-Pozos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 241–62.
Lillo-Martin, Diane, and Edward S. Klima. 1990. “Pointing out differences: ASL pronouns in syntactic theory.” In Linguistics (International conference on theoretical issues in sign language research), ed. Susan D. Fischer and Patricia Siple. (Theoretical issues in sign language research, 1.) Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 191–210.
Maher, Jane. 1996. Seeing language in sign: The work of William C. Stokoe. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.
McCarthy, John J. 2002. A thematic guide to Optimality Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McConvell, Patrick. 1996. “The functions of split-Wackernagel clitic systems: Pronominal clitics in the Ngumpin languages (Pama-Nyungan family, Northern Australia).” In Approaching second: Second position clitics and related phenomena, ed. Aaron L. Halpern and Arnold M. Zwicky. (CSLI lecture notes, 61.) Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 299–331.
Meier, Richard P. 2002. “Why different, why the same? Explaining effects and non-effects of modality upon linguistic structure in sign and speech.” In Modality and structure in signed and spoken languages, ed. Richard P. Meier, Kearsy Cormier, and David Qunito-Pozos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1–26.
Meir, Irit. 1995. “Explaining backwards verbs in ISL: Syntactic-semantic interaction.” In Proceedings of the 4th European Congress on Sign Language Research, ed. Helene Bos and Trudy Schermer. Hamburg: Signum, 105–19.
Meir, Irit. 1998a. “Syntactic-semantic interaction in Israeli Sign Language verbs: The case of backwards verbs.” Sign Language and Linguistics 1/1. 3–33.
Meir, Irit. 1998b. Thematic structure and verb agreement in Israeli Sign Language. Jerusalem: Hebrew University dissertation.
Meir, Irit. 2002. “A cross-modality perspective on verb agreement.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 20/2. 413–50.
Neidle, Carol, Judy Kegl, Dawn MacLaughlin, Benjamin Bahan, and Robert G. Lee. 2000. The syntax of American Sign Language: Functional categories and hierarchical structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Nespor, Marina, and Wendy Sandler. 1999. “Prosody in Israeli Sign Language.” Language and Speech. 42/2–3. 143–76.
Padden, Carol. 1988. Interaction of morphology and syntax in American Sign Language. New York: Garland.
Padden, Carol. 1990. “The relation between space and grammar in ASL verb morphology.” In Sign language research: Theoretical issues, ed. Ceil Lucas. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 118–32.
Perlmutter, David M. 1992. “Sonority and syllable structure in American Sign Language.” Linguistic Inquiry 23/3. 407–42.
Radford, Andrew. 1997. Syntactic theory and the structure of English: A minimalist approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rudin, Catherine, Christina Kramer, Loren Billings, and Matthew Baerman. 1999. “Macedonian and Bulgarian li questions: Beyond syntax.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 17/3. 541–86.
Sandler, Wendy. 1989. Phonological representation of the sign: Linearity and nonlinearity in American Sign Language. Dordrecht: Foris.
Sandler, Wendy. 1990. “Temporal aspects and ASL phonology.” In Linguistics (International conference on theoretical issues in sign language research), ed. Susan D. Fischer and Patricia Siple. (Theoretical issues in sign language research, 1.) Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 7–35.
Sandler, Wendy. 1993a. “Hand in hand: The roles of the nondominant hand in sign language phonology.” The Linguistic Review 10/4. 337–90.
Sandler, Wendy. 1993b. “Linearization of phonological tiers in ASL.” In Current issues in ASL phonology, ed. Geoffrey R. Coulter. (Phonetics and phonology, 3.) New York: Academic Press, 103–29.
Sandler, Wendy. 1993c. “A sonority cycle in American Sign Language.” Phonology 10/2. 243–79.
Sandler, Wendy. 1996. “Phonological features and feature classes: The case of movements in sign language.” Lingua 98/1–3. 197–220.
Sandler, Wendy. 1999a. “Cliticization and prosodic words in a sign language.” Studies on the phonological word, ed. T. Alan Hall and Ursula Kleinhenz. (Current issues in linguistic theory, 174.) Amsterdam: Benjamins, 223–54.
Sandler, Wendy. 1999b. [Review of Brentari (1998).] Phonology 16/3. 443–47.
Siple, Patricia. 1978. “Visual constraints for sign language communication.” Sign Language Studies 7/19. 95–110.
Smith, Wayne H. 1989. The morphological characteristics of verbs in Taiwan Sign Language. Bloomington: Indiana University dissertation.
Smith, Wayne H. 1990. “Evidence for auxiliaries in Taiwan Sign Language.” In Linguistics (International conference on theoretical issues in sign language research), ed. Susan D. Fischer and Patricia Siple. (Theoretical issues in sign language research, 1.) Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 211–28.
Smith, Wayne H. 2005. “Taiwan Sign Language research: An historical overview.” Language and Linguistics 6/2. 187–215.
Smith, Wayne H., and Li-fen Ting. 2002/1979. Shǒu néng shēng qiáo [Your hands can become a bridge]. 15th ed. Taipei: Deaf Sign Language Research Association.
Spencer, Andrew. 1991. Morphological theory: An introduction to word structure in generative grammar. Oxford: Blackwell.
Stokoe, William C. 1960/1978. Sign language structure: An outline of the visual communication systems of the American deaf. (Studies in linguistics, Occasional papers, 8.) Buffalo: Department of Anthropology and Linguistics, State University of New York. (2nd ed. Silver Spring, MD: Linstok Press.)
Stokoe, William C. 1980. “Sign language structure.” Annual Review of Anthropology 9. 365–470.
Supalla, Ted. 1982. Structure and acquisition of verbs of motion and location in American Sign Language. La Jolla: University of California, San Diego, dissertation.
Supalla, Ted. 1986. “The classifier system in American Sign Language.” In Noun classes and categorization: Proceedings of a symposium, Eugene, Ore., 1983, ed. Colette Craig. (Typological studies in language, 7.) Amsterdam: Benjamins, 181–214.
Sutton-Spence, Rachel, and Bencie Woll. 1999. The linguistics of British Sign Language: An introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Talmy, Leonard. 1985. “Lexicalization patterns: Semantic structure in lexical forms.” In Grammatical categories and the lexicon, ed. Timothy Shopen. (Language typology and syntactic description, 3.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 57–149.
Talmy, Leonard. 2000. “Lexicalization patterns.” In Typology and process in concept structuring. (Toward a cognitive semantics, 2.) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 21–146.
Tang, Gladys. 2003. “Verbs of motion and location in Hong Kong Sign Language: Conflation and lexicalization.” In Perspectives on classifier constructions in sign languages, ed. Karen Emmorey. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 143–65.
Tomić, Olga Mišeska. 1996. “The Balkan Slavic clausal clitics.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 14/4. 811–72.
Wackernagel, Jacob. 1892/1953. “Über ein Gesetz der indogermanischen Wortstellung.” Indogermanische Forschungen 1. 333–436. (Republished in his Kleine Schriften, 1. Göttingen: Vanderhoeck and Ruprecht, 11–104.)
Wallin, Lars. 1990. “Polymorphemic predicates in Swedish Sign Lanaguage.” In Sign language research: Theoretical issues, ed. Ceil Lucas. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 133–48.
Zimmer, June, and Cynthia Patschke. 1990/1995. “A class of determiners in ASL.” In Sign language research: Theoretical issues, ed. Ceil Lucas. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press, 201–10. (Republished in Valli, Clayton, and Ceil Lucas. Linguistics of American Sign Language: An introduction, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press (Clerc Books), 322–28.)
Zwicky, Arnold M. 1977. On clitics. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.
Zwicky, Arnold M. 1985. “Clitics and particles.” Language 61/2. 283–305.
Zwicky, Arnold M., and Geoffrey K. Pullum. 1983. “Cliticization vs. inflection: English n’t.” Language 59/3. 502–13.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top