跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.77.73) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/02/28 04:38
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:李千里
研究生(外文):Chien-Li Lee
論文名稱:車籠埔斷層幾何形貌之探究
論文名稱(外文):Investigating geometry of the Chelungpu fault, Central Taiwan, by the Seismic Reflection Method
指導教授:王乾盈王乾盈引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Ying Wang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:地球物理研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:143
中文關鍵詞:車籠埔斷層集集地震錦水頁岩
外文關鍵詞:Chelungpu faultChi-Chi earthquakeChinShui Shale
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:531
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:87
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
1999年9月21日凌晨發生規芮氏模7.3的集集地震,其觸發車籠埔斷層,且因震源深度極淺(約8~9公里深)、震央靠近台灣中部的人口密集區,遂於斷層沿線造成嚴重災情。車籠埔斷層在形貌上近『倒L』型,『倒L』之長邊為南北走向,北起台中縣石岡,南至南投縣桶頭,長約80公里,地震破裂大多沿著錦水頁岩出露地表,為西部麓山帶與台中盆地之分界;『倒L』之短邊為東西向,從石岡至苗栗縣卓蘭,在石岡附近,沿著大甲溪河床分佈,產生數條地表破裂,至校栗埔改沿著東勢背斜分佈直到卓蘭鎮之內灣,寬約1∼2公里,長約12公里,並在石岡附近產生最大錯動量(垂直位移達9.8公尺),此一東西向破裂以往並未有文獻記載,其直接切穿卓蘭層出露地表,錯動行為不同於南北向的主斷層,其形貌與機制極為特殊,需要更進一步的詳細調查。
本研究共採用兩種反射震測法,一為淺層反射震測,為本研究之主力;另一為深部震測法,由國科會委託中油公司進行施測。本研究利用『廣域佈線』之方式,欲將等間距的短剖面經解釋後延伸為連續之長剖面,並將焦點置於區域構造之解釋而非傳統的斷層位置尋找。
1. 車籠埔斷層在大甲溪南岸受TT-boundary阻擋,造成九二一地震之斷層跡東轉並沿著東勢背斜分佈,造成巨大之位移量(垂直位移最大可達12公尺),但在斷層下盤的鄰近地區並未受到影響。
2. TT-boundary(大甲溪-東勢邊界)為本文中所定義之東西橫向阻礙構造,位於大甲溪南岸,西起石岡,往東經過校栗埔後轉為東北-西南向,並沿著東勢背斜分佈。其形貌為一東西向斷坡(南傾20度,位於大甲溪以南)與淺部斷坪(水平∼南傾9度,位於大甲溪以北)交接之轉折處,受覆瓦狀構造壟昇影響,造成錦水頁岩往北快速抬昇並接近地表(在大甲溪南岸約800公尺深),當集集地震累積之應力由南往北傳遞至此,遂沿著斷坡爬升,並切穿卓蘭層,造成一序列地表上之東西向破裂。
3. 車籠埔斷層由北往南共有四個地下構造高區,分別為豐原高區(TT-boundary)、車籠埔高區(�中l溪至草湖溪)、草屯高區(乾溪至烏溪南岸)與名間高區(平林溪至濁水溪),各高區之頂部與斷層之地表破裂峰值有良好之對應,而GPS同震垂直位移峰值則可對應至斷坡底部。
4. 車籠埔斷層在形貌上與彰化斷層相似,且四地下構造高區可分別對應至大安溪分段線、沙鹿、花壇(包跨大肚溪鑿穿口與花壇)與田中等高區,由此對應關係推測在研究區域內存在方位角為305度之東西向構造,且此東西向構造為控制斷層形貌之主要機制。
Investigating geometry of the Chelungpu fault, Central Taiwan, by the Seismic Reflection Method
Chien-Li Lee

Abstract
The Chelungpu fault, reactivated by the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake (M=7.6) in central Taiwan, is a bedding thrust slipping along a weak shale layer. The fault trends in the NS direction for 90 km with the eastward average dip angle about 30 degrees. The rupture behaviors of the Chelungpu fault were quite peculiar at its northern end, 50 km north of the epicenter, including: 1) turning 90o to the east (an extra EW branch 12 km); 2) inducing huge slippages (9.8 m vietically); 3) creating high displacement and low acceleration seismic waves. These special rupture behaviors make the Chi-Chi earthquake relatively ‘unique’.
More than 300 shallow seismic lines (each 500 m long approximately) and 7 deep seismic lines (one is NS orientation, the others are EW orientation and 25 km long for each) were collected to investigate the Chelungpu fault. The deep reflection profiles provide the background structural distribution and the shallow seismic sections fulfill the gaps to build up the whole structure pattern. A 3D structure was thus established after compiling all seismic images.
Three significant findings are proposed:
1. At the northern end, the fault structure has become relatively shallow (less than 1 km). In addition, the fault surface here raises quite fast (25o up-dip) and forms a lateral ramp structure trending in the EW direction, called the TT-boundary (along the Tachia river and the Tongshih anticline). It is believed that this TT-boundary acts as a barrier to interrupt the rupture from the southern epicenter and cause abnormally large displacements at the northern end of the fault;
2. The Chelungpu fault surface (100 km x 20 km) dips 30o-45o to the east as well as 10o-15o to the south. This subsurface is interestingly in an undulation shape. There are four convex at FengYuan, Chelungpu, Tsaotun and Mingjian. These up-rising parts corresponded to abnormal peak of surface rupture.
3. The surface traces between the Changhua fault and the Chelungpu fault are similar and sub-undulated structures correspond to each other. It implies that a deep E-W trending structure controls regional geomorphology.
4. The epicenter of ChiChi earthquake may trap by lateral ramp (dipping 20 degrees to south approximately) and frontal ramp (dipping 50 degrees to east) where is 8~9 km deep at north bank of the Choshuihsi river.
摘要 I
目錄 III
圖目 V
表目 VIII

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
第二章 區域地質概述 10
2.1 地層分佈 10
2.2 地質構造 11
2.3 斷層 12
第三章 研究方法 15
3.1 研究資料收集 15
3.2 資料處理流程 15
3.3 地層比對及解釋 19
第四章 震測資料分析 29
4.1 重力資料分析 30
4.2 大安溪∼大里溪地區 30
4.3 大里溪∼烏溪地區 40
4.4 烏溪∼濁水溪地區 46
第五章 討論與結論 107
5.1 車籠埔斷層與附近構造之關係 107
5.1.1 斷層地下構造形貌與地表破裂分佈關係 107
5.1.2 車籠埔斷層於豐原附近東轉之原因 110
5.1.3 車籠埔斷層與三義斷層之關係 111
5.1.4 新社斷層之有無 112
5.1.5 車籠埔東凹與霧峰西凸構造 112
5.1.6 區域東西橫向構造 113
5.2 討論 114
5.2.1 合理之車籠埔斷層模型 114
5.2.2 台中盆地內之區域東西向構造 116
5.3 結論 116


參考文獻 127
附錄A 車籠埔斷層北段測線位置圖 137
參考文獻
大塚彌之助(1936)昭和十年四月二十一日台灣中部地方大地震伴隨地震斷層,日本東京大學地震研究所彙報,第3號,p22-74。
工業技術研究院(2003)台中市�中l區段徵收區域車籠埔斷層地球物理調查案調查報告,台中市政府,66頁。
中油公司台探總處(1982)台中地質圖,比例尺十萬分之一。
王乾盈(2006)控制西台灣地震及活動構造之橫構造,國立中央大學地球物理研究所研討會,P23-53。
石再添、鄧國雄、張瑞津、鄧國雄、石慶得、楊貴三、許民陽(1984)台灣西部與南部活斷層的地形學研究,師大地理研究報告,第10號,p49-94。
石再添、鄧國雄、張瑞津、鄧國雄、石慶得、楊貴三(1986)台灣活斷層的地形學研究,師大地理研究報告,第12號,p1-44。
石再添、鄧國雄、楊貴三、許民陽(1986)新社河階群的活斷層與地形面,地學彙刊,第5卷,p29-39。
江崇榮、鄂忠信、劉幸樺、黃智昭、陸挽中、黃明昌(2000)九二一地震前以地電阻法測勘車籠埔斷層於濁水溪河床中之位置,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十二號,p211-233。
李錦發(1994)三義斷層及其在新構造上的意義,地質,第14卷,第1號,p73-96。
李錦發、林朝宗、賴典章、劉昭宏(2000)集集大地震地表破裂機制之探討,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十二號,p155-170。
李元希、吳維毓、石同生、盧詩丁、謝孟龍、張徽正(2000)九二一集集地震地表變形特性-埤豐橋以東,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十二號,p19-40。
李千里、王乾盈(2002)以淺層震測反射法研究車籠埔斷層北段地下構造,「台灣之第四紀」第九次研討會論文集,p20-22。
李憲忠(1999)以強地動波形模擬研究臺灣中西部S波速度構造,中央大學地球物理研究所,碩士論文,138頁。
李憲忠(2003)九二一集集地震三維震源過程與震波傳遞分析,中央大學地球物理研究所,博士論文,158頁。
李錫堤(2002)台灣的活斷層,2002 地球系統科學研討會論文集,第 G-1 頁。
辛在勤、張建興(1992)1992年地震回顧,氣象學報,第38卷,第3號,p218-232。
林朝棨(1935)台中豐原地方第三紀及第四紀地層之研究,台北帝國大學理農學部紀要,第13卷,第3號,p13-30。
林朝棨(1954)台灣之地質:台灣新誌,中國文化事業出版委員會。
林偉雄(2000)集集地震所致地表變形-石岡與竹子坑地區,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十二號,p1-18。
邱華燈(1962)台中縣大安背斜震波測勘之結果及其解釋,中國地質學會會刊,第1號,p187-188。
孟昭彝(1964)台灣北部紅土層發展,地形變化與第四紀晚期地殼變動關係之研究,石油,第1卷,第2期,p26-52。
侯進雄、賴典章、費立阮、王菁穗、陳文和(2000)高經度測量在車籠埔斷層監測與調查上之應用-九二一地震前後測量結果比較,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十二號,p191-210。
徐兆祥、李重毅、李錦發 (1996)台灣中部苗栗-台中-南投地區西北-東南向地震帶之地體構造意義,「台灣之第四紀」第六次研討會論文集,p224-228。
高弘(2001)集集地震序列之震源參數分析,自然科學簡訊,第13卷,第1號,p6-9。
鳥居敬造、吉田要(1931)新竹州苗栗及竹東油田調查報告,台灣總督府殖產局,第585號。
鳥居敬造(1935)東勢圖幅及說明圖,台灣總督府殖產局,第732號,26頁。
張麗旭、何春蓀(1948)台中縣之大安背斜,地質評論,第13卷,第1-2號。
張徽正、林啟文、陳勉銘、盧詩丁(1998)台灣活動斷層概論,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十號,103頁
張瑞津、楊貴三、劉永傳(2001)車籠埔活斷層之航照判釋研究,中國地質學會九十年年會論文集,p12-14。
張建興(2004)高密度地震資料分析及其應用於台灣中部及東部孕震構造之研究,中央大學地球物理研究所,博士論文,156頁。
陳朝輝、劉文相、葉永田(1990)鯉魚譚水庫地震及斷層研究調查,中央研究院地球科學所籌備處,107頁。
陳勉銘、何信昌(2000)九二一集集地震斷層與車籠埔斷層之關連,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十二號,p113-138。
陳璿臣(2002)九二一地震車籠埔斷層震測研究,中央大學地球物理研究所,碩士論文,116頁。
陳文山、陳于高、劉聰桂、黃能偉、林清正、宋時驊、李昆杰(2000)九二一集集大地震的地震斷層特性與構造意義,經濟部地質調查所特刊,第十二號,p139-154。
黃旭燦(2003)台灣中南部褶皺逆衝斷層帶地質構造特徵分析,中央大學地球物理研究所,博士論文,95頁。
黃健政(1984)台灣坡地社區工程地質調查與探勘報告:豐原分區,經濟部中央地質調查所,第三卷,第二集,p1-72。
董倫道(1997)車籠埔斷層調查研究-地球物理測勘期末工作報告,經濟部中央地質調查所,4JM4400-RG-8601,78頁
楊耿明、黃旭燦、吳榮章、丁信修、梅文威、李民、徐祥宏、李長之、林玉儂(2005)台灣中部車籠埔斷層的三維形貌,中國地質學會九十四年年會暨學術研討會,p25。
經濟部中央地質調查所(2000)九二一地震地質調查報告,314頁。
蔡義本(1996)台灣地震地體構造研究之展望,紀念顏滄波教授地質研討會論文集,p9-16。
蔡衡、宋國城、齊士崢(2001)由河流下切過程探討新社河階群之比對,第五屆台灣地理研討會論文集,p92-99。
蕭瑞文(2002)清水斷層之淺部構造,央大學地球物理研究所,碩士論文,104頁。
劉進金、袁文忠、鄭文哲、吳啟南、黃明哲(1983)臺灣地區空中側視雷達探測地質調查計劃(三年計劃之第一年) ,工業技術研究院礦業研究所,141頁。
魏碩穎(2003)車籠埔斷層烏溪至濁水溪段之地下構造,中央大學地球物理研究所,碩士論文,103頁。
饒瑞鈞、吳大銘(1997)台灣中北部西北-東南向地震帶的構造意義,中國地質學會八十六年年會大會手冊及論文摘要,p354-358。
Angelier J., H. T. Chu and J. C. Lee (1997): Shear concentration in a collision zone: Kinematics of the Chishang Fault as revealed by outcrop scale quantification of active faulting, Longitudinal Valley, eastern Taiwan, Tectonophysics, 274, p117-144.
Angelier J., J. C. Lee, J. C. Hu, F. Mouthereau, C. Y. Lu, B. Deffontaines, S. Lallemand, Y. B. Tsai, J. D. Chow and D. Bureau (2000): Geological knowledge and seismic risk migration: insights from the ChiChi earthquake, Taiwan. International workshop on annual commemoration of Chi-Chi earthquake, I, p13-24.
Burbank, D.W. and R.S. Anderson (2001) Tectonic Geomorphology, England: Blackwell Science, 274pp.
Carena, S., Suppe, J. and Kao, H. (2002): Active detachment of Taiwan illuminated by small earthquakes and its control of first-order topography. Geology, 30, 10, p935-938.
Chang, Stanley S. L. (1971): Subsurface geological study of the Taichung basin, Taiwan. Petroleum Geology of Taiwan, 8, p21-45.
Chang, C. H., M. Y. Wu, T. C. Shih and C. Y. Wang (2000): Relocation of the 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake in Taiwan. TAO, 11, 3, p581-590.
Chen, K. C., Huang B. S., Wang, J. H. and Yen H. Y. (2002): Conjugate thrust faulting associated with the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake sequce. Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2001GL014250.
Chi, W. C., D. Dreger and A. Kaverina (2001): Finite-source modeling of the 1999 Taiwan (ChiChi) earthquake derived from a dense strong-motion network. Bulletin Seismological Society of America, 91, p1144-1157.
Chinese Petroleum Corporation (1982): The geologic maps of Taichung and Chiayi, Taiwan Petrol. Exploration Division Publ., Taiwan.
Dominguez, S., Avouac, J.-P. and Michel R. (2003): Horizontal coseismic deformation of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake measured from SPOT satellite images; implications for the seismic cycle along the western foothills of central Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, B2, 2083, doi:1029/2001JB000951.
Hsieh, M. L., Y. H. Lee, T. C. Shih, S. T. Lu and W. U. Wu (2001): Could we have predicted the northeastern turn of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake rupture using geological and morphologic data? .TAO, 12, 3, p461-484.
Hsu, T. L. and Chang H. C. (1979): Quaternary faulting in Taiwan. Memoir of the geological society of China, 3, p155-165.
Hsu, Y. J., N. Bechor, P. Segall, Yu, S. B., Kao, L. C., and Ma, K. F. (2002): Rapid afterslip following the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2002GL014967.
Hu, C. C. and Chiu H. T. (1984): Deep structure of the Cholan area, northwestern Taiwan. Petroleum geology of Taiwan, 28, p21-33.
Huang, S. T., Wu, J. C., Hung J. H. and Tanaka (2002): Studies of sedimentary facies, stratigraphy, and deformation structures of the Chelungpu Fault zone on cores from drilled wells in Fengyuan and Nantou, Central Taiwan. TAO, 13, p253-278.
Hung, J. H. and Wiltschko, D. V. (1993): Structure and kinematics of arcuate thrust faults in the Mioli-Cholan area of western Taiwan. Petroleum geology of Taiwan, 28, p59-96.
Hung, J. H. and Suppe J. (2002): Subsurface Geometry and Kinematics of the Sani-Chelungpu Thrust Faults. 2002 Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting.
Hung, J. H., Wu, Y. H. and Yeh, E.C. (2005): Characteristics of fault zones from cores and geophysical logs in the wells of Taiwan Chelungpu Fault Grilling Project, west-central Taiwan. 2005 Annual Meeting of Geological Society, p26.
Ji, C. and D. V. Helmberger (2003): Slip history and dynamic implications of the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 10.1029/2002JB001764.
Johnson K. M. and Segall P. (2004): Imaging the ramp-decollement geometry of the Chelungpu fault using coseismic GPS displacements from the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquake. Tectonophysics, 378, p123-139.
Kao, H. and W. P. Chen, The Chi-Chi earthquake sequence: active, out-of-sequence thrust faulting in Taiwan, Science, 288, 2346-2349, 2000.
Ku, C. C. (1963): Photogeologic study of terraces in northwestern Taiwan. Proceedings of the geological society of China, 6, p51-60.
Lallemand, S. (2000): Was the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan a “subduction earthquake”?, TAO, 3, p709-720.
Lee, J. C., H. T. Chu, J. Angelier, Y. C. Chan, J. C. Hu, C. Y. Lu and R. J. Rau (2002): Geometry and structure of northern surface ruptures of the 1999 Mw=7.6 Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake: influence from inherited fold belt structures. Journal of Structural Geology, 24, p173-192.
Lin, C. H., Yeh, Y. H. and Roecder, S. W. (1989): Seismic veolocity structures in the Sanyi-Fengyuan area-central Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China, 32, p101-120.
Loevenbruck, A., R. Cattin, X. Le Pichon, S. Dominguez and R. Michel (2004): Coseismic slip resolution and post-seismic relaxation time of the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake as constrained by geological observations, geodetic measurements and seismicity. Geophysical Journal International, 158, p310-326.
Ma, K. F., C. T. Lee and Y. B. Tsai (1999): The Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake; large surface displacements on an inland thrust fault, EOS, 80,605.
Ma, K. F., T. R. Song, S. J. Lee and S. I. Wu (2000): Spatial slip distribution of the Deptember 20, 1999, Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake inverted from teleseismic data, Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 3417-3420.
Ma, K. F., Mori, J., Lee, S. J. and Yu, S. B. (2001): Spatial and temporal distribution of slip for the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake. Bulletin Seismological Society of America, 91, p1069-1087.
Ma, K. F., E. E. Brodsky, J. Mori, C. Ji, T. R. A. Song, and H. Kanamori (2003): Evidence for Fault Lubrication during the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, Earthquake (Mw7.6), Geophysical Research Letters, 30, doi: 10.1029/2002 GL 015380.
Meng, C. Y. (1963): The San-I overthrust. Petroleum Geology of Taiwan, 2, p1-20.
Oglesby, D. D., and S. M. Day (2001): Fault geometry and the dynamics of the 1999 Chi-Chi (Taiwan) earthquake. Bulletin Seismological Society of America, 91, p1099-1111.
Pan, Y. S. (1967): Interpretation and seismic coordination of the bouguer gravity anomalies over west-central Taiwan. Petroleum Geology of Taiwan, 5, p99-115.
Rau, R. J., Lee, J. C., Kao, H. and Chu, H. T. (1998): Transition from convergence to escape : inferences from seismic tomography, seismicity and focal mechanisms in the foreland belt of central-western Taiwan. 1998 Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting.
Sibuet, J. C., Hsu, S. K. (1997): Geodynamics of the Taiwan arc-arc collision, Tectonophysics, 274, p221-251.
Suppe, J., and Namson, J. (1979): Fault-bend origin of frontal folds of the western Taiwan fold-and-thrust belt. Petroleum Geology of Taiwan, 16, p1-18.
Suppe, J. (1981): Mechanics of mountain building and metamorphism in Taiwan. Memoir of the geological society of China, 4, p67-89.
Suppe, J. (1983): Geometry and kinematics of fault-bend folding. American journal of science, 283, p684-721.
Suppe, J. (1987): The active Taiwan mountain belt. In: Schaer, J.P., Rodgers, J. (Eds.), Anatomy of Mountain Chains. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, p277-293.
Tanaka, H., C. Y. Wang, W. M. Chen, A. Sakaguchi, K. Ujiie, H. Ito and M. Ando (2002): Initial science report of shallow drilling penetrating into Chelungpu fault zone. TAO, 13, 3, p227-252.
Teng, L. S. (1992): Influence of morphotectonic configuration of China continental margin on collision tectonics of Taiwan. Acta geologica Taiwanica science reports of the National Taiwan University, 30, p71-78.
Tsai, H., Sung, Q. C. (2003): Geomorphic evidence for an active pop-up zone associated with the Chelungpu fault in central Taiwan. Geomorphology, 56, 1-2, p31-47.
Wang, C. Y., C. H. Chang and H. Y. Yen (2000): An interpretation of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan based on the thin-skinned thrust model. TAO, 11, p609-630.
Wang, C. Y. (2002a): Detection of a recent earthquake fault by the shallow reflection seismic method, Geophysics, 67, p1465-1473.
Wang, C. Y., C. L. Li and H. Y. Yen (2002b): Mapping the northern portion of the Chelungpu fault, Taiwan by shallow reflection seismics. Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 16, 10.1029/2001GL014496.
Wang, C. Y., H. Tanaka, J. Chow, C. C. Chen, and J. H. Hong (2002c): Shallow Reflection Seismics Aiding Geologic Drilling into the Chelungpu Fault of the 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake, Taiwan. TAO, 13, p153-170.
Wang, C. Y., Li, C. L., Su, F. C., Leu, M. T., Wu, M. S., Lai, S. H. and Chern, C. C. (2002d): Structural mapping of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake fault, Taiwan by seismic reflection methods. TAO, 13, 3, p211-226
Wang, C. Y., Kuo, S. Y., Shyu, W. L., Hsiao, J. W. (2003): Investigating Near-surface Structures under the Changhua Fault, West-central Taiwan by the Reflection Seismic Method. TAO, 14, 3, p.271-293.
Wang, C. Y., C. L. Li and H. C. Lee (2004): Constructing subsurface structures of the Chelungpu fault to investigate mechanisms leading to abnormally large ruptures during the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake. Taiwan, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, 10.1029/2003GL018323.
Wu, F. T., R. J. Rau and D. Salzberg, Taiwan orogeny (1997): thin-skinned or lithospheric collision? Tectonophys, 274, p191-220.
Yu, S. B., Chen, H. Y., Kuo, L. C. (1997): Velocity field of GPS stations in the Taiwan area. Tectonophysics, 274, p41-59
Yu, S. B., L. C. Kuo, Y. J. Hsu, H. H., Su, C. C. Liu, C. S. Hou, C. S. Tsai and T. C. Shin (2001): Preseismic and coseismic displacement associated with the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquake. Bulletin Seismological Society of America, 91, p995-1012.
Yu, S. B., Hsu, Y. J., Kuo, L. C., and Chen, H. Y. (2003): GPS measurements of postseismic deformation following the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 10.1029/2003JB002396.
Yue, L. F., Suppe, J., Hung, J.H. (2005): Structural geology of a classic thrust belt earthquake: the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake Taiwan (Mw = 7.6). Journal of Structural Geology, 27, p2058-2083.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top