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研究生:莊淳翔
研究生(外文):Chun-Hsiang Chuang
論文名稱:利用兩階段群集方法以微陣列辨識轉錄調控點
論文名稱(外文):Two-stage clustering method for identifying transcriptional regulatory sites based on gene expression profiles
指導教授:洪炯宗洪炯宗引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jorng-Tzong Horng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:資訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:43
中文關鍵詞:調控轉錄微陣列
外文關鍵詞:microarraygene expressiontranscrptionregulatory
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:160
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  • 下載下載:8
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
瞭解基因調控機制在研究分子生物學上是非常重要的議題,辨識轉錄調控點對於瞭解基因調控機制扮演了極為重要的角色。透過實驗的方式來尋找轉錄調控點是準確的,但是也相當費時的。微陣列晶片技術可以同時顯現數以千計的基因表現,透過分析基因表現的狀況可以找出有相似表現結果的群組。大範圍的基因表現研究與基因體定序計畫提供了大量的資訊可供辨識或預測轉錄調控點。在本研究中,我們提出一個兩階段的群集方法透過微陣列晶片資料與基因序列上游區特定片段出現次數的資訊以辨識轉錄調控點。利用已知公開的酵母菌細胞週期基因表現資料加以檢驗微陣列晶片資料與基因序列上游區特定片段出現次數的相互關係。最後實際分析結果呈現本方法的確能夠找出更緊密、被共同調控的基因群組,並有助於辨識轉錄調控點。
The research of gene regulation mechanisms is an important issue of studying molecular biology. The identification of transcriptional regulatory sites plays an important role of understanding gene expression regulation mechanism. It is precise but time-consuming by using the experimental approach to discover the transcriptional regulatory sites. The microarray technology can reveal expression profiles of several thousands of genes in parallel. By analyzing gene expression profiles, gene groups with the similar expression pattern can be found. Large-scale gene expression studies and genomic sequencing projects are providing numerous amounts of information that can be used to identify or predict transcriptional regulatory sites. In this study, we describe a two-stage clustering method for identifying transcriptional regulatory sites from both gene expression and promoter sequence data. The correlation between time-series gene expression patterns and the occurrence frequency of several motifs in their upstream sequences is examined by using publicly available yeast cell-cycle data. The results show that the two-stage clustering method taken here conducts dense co-regulated gene group and identifies transcriptional regulatory sites usefully.
Chapter 1 Introduction....................................................1
1.1 Background............................................................1
1.1.1 Gene Expression.....................................................1
1.1.2 Microarray..........................................................2
1.1.3 Regulation of gene expression.......................................3
1.1.4 Gene Ontology.......................................................3
1.2 Motivation............................................................5
1.3 Goal..................................................................6
Chapter 2 Related Works...................................................7
2.1 Clustering methods....................................................7
2.1.1 K-means clustering..................................................7
2.1.2 Hierarchical clustering.............................................8
2.1.3 Self-organizing map.................................................8
2.2 Motif discovery.......................................................9
2.2.1 MEME................................................................9
2.2.2 Gibbs sampler......................................................10
2.2.3 Consensus..........................................................10
2.3 Integrate system for gene expression analysis........................11
Chapter 3 Materials and Methods..........................................13
3.1 Materials............................................................13
3.2 Overview of our methodology..........................................13
3.3 Similarity measurement for gene expression data......................14
3.4 Clustering method....................................................15
3.5 Motif discovery......................................................16
3.6 Eliminate redundant motifs...........................................17
3.7 Extract motif occurrence frequency...................................18
Chapter 4 Results........................................................19
4.1 First stage clustering...............................................19
4.2 Second stage clustering..............................................21
4.3 Case study...........................................................25
Chapter 5 Discussion.....................................................30
Appendix.................................................................34
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