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研究生:莊瀚伯
研究生(外文):Han-Bo Zhuang
論文名稱:牙科植體術後骨缺損型態之結構分析
論文名稱(外文):The structure analysis of bony defects on dental implants after surgery
指導教授:潘敏俊
指導教授(外文):Min-Chun Pan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:牙科植體骨缺損有限元素分析模態測試
外文關鍵詞:finite element analysisdental implantbony defectmodal testing
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文針對牙科植體術後骨整合程度差異,所造成不同骨缺損型態,發展非侵入式檢測評估技術,探討並定量植體/齒槽骨之骨整合與植牙結構特性之關聯。透過所發展測量技術,期能改善臨床常用X光二維影像判讀之不足與僅以量測結構共振頻率呈現整體現象之限制,協助醫生監測病患植體與齒槽骨之整合情形,以提高植牙的成功率。為建立相關檢測評估技術,研究中設計兩類植牙放大實驗模型,進行實驗模態測試和有限元素模態分析,相互驗證並歸納結構共振頻率和骨整合狀態之關係。從研究中獲知,植體裸露無包覆時,其頻率為最低;隨著模型包覆高度的減少,結構共振頻率出現降低趨勢,此說明骨缺損會影響植體/齒槽骨結構,降低植體穩固度,由於剛性較小,以致結構共振頻率降低。為有助進行後續臨床研究,進行不規則骨缺損實驗及利用等比例條件進行植牙模擬分析,並提出後續研究方法。
This thesis aims at developing a technique to detect the differences of osseointergration on dental implants after surgery. Different osseointegration conditions cause variant bone defects. The developed noninvasive test distinguishes structure variations between implant/alveolus and osseointegration. Then, it makes the fixation quality analysis to create a measurement method, helps doctors monitor the developed implant conditions of patients and increases the success of embedding teeth. Therefore, this study designs two amplified experimental models to proceed the experimental modal testing and the finite element modal analysis. It induces the mutually relation of resonance frequency and mode shape. As a result, implants no coating and have lowest frequency. The decrease of models height and the frequency pattern is lower. These outcomes prove bone defects to affect the structure of implant/alveolus and reduce the stability of implants. This investigate provides simultaneously follow up research methods for the experiment of irregular bony defects and actual size implant/alveolus models.
摘要.............. ...I
Abstract.......... ...II
誌謝.............. ...III
目錄.............. ...IV
圖目錄............ ...VI
表目錄............ ...VIII
第一章 緒論....... ...1
1.1 研究動機......1
1.1.1 骨整合........1
1.1.2 初期穩固度....2
1.1.3 後期穩固度....3
1.2 文獻回顧......4
1.2.1 侵入式檢測....4
1.2.2 非侵入式檢測..6
1.2.3 模態測試法....9
1.2.4 有限元素法....10
1.3 研究範疇......10
第二章 振動理論基礎........12
2.1 自由振動分析........ 12
2.2 實驗模態測試........ 15
2.2.1 模態測試基本理論.... 15
2.2.2 量測儀器方法........ 20
2.3 有限元素分析........ 21
2.4 懸臂樑振動分析...... 23
第三章 缺損模型之實驗模態測試與數值分析流程...26
3.1 實驗模態測試裝置.... 27
3.1.1 植體/齒槽骨缺損模型. 27
3.1.2 模態測試儀器設備.... 29
3.2 實驗模態測試方法.... 31
3.3 模態分析方法........ 33
第四章 缺損模型實驗分析結果與討論...36
4.1 實驗模態測試結果與討論.......36
4.1.1 第一類植體/齒槽骨缺損模型之懸吊實驗... 36
4.1.2 第二類植體/齒槽骨缺損模型置放於海綿墊之實驗....39
4.2 實驗模態測試與數值模態分析振型比較與確認.......43
4.3 模態分析結果與討論..45
4.3.1 收斂性分析.......... 45
4.3.2 分析結果與討論...... 47
第五章 結論與未來展望...... 56
參考文獻.58
附錄A.... 62
附錄B.... 66
附錄C.... 71
附錄D.... 83
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