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研究生:鐘晴如
研究生(外文):Ching-Ju Chung
論文名稱:以試題反應理論及學習記憶週期為基礎之個人化英語字彙學習系統
論文名稱(外文):Personalized English Vocabulary Learning System Based on Item Response Theory and Learning Memory Cycle
指導教授:陳志銘陳志銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Ming Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立花蓮師範學院
系所名稱:學習科技研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:試題反應理論學習記憶週期英語字彙學習個人化學習
外文關鍵詞:Item Response Theory (IRT)Learning Memory CycleEnglish Vocabulary LearningPersonalized Learning
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隨著地球村時代的來臨及網際網路科技的發展,學習能夠與全球大眾溝通的共同語文已是刻不容緩,而英語便是最多人使用的一種國際語言。在邁向國際化、開拓世界觀的潮流帶動之下,英語學習儼然已經成為非英語語系國家的全民運動,因此,發展協助英語學習的工具亦是英語教育領域的重要議題。

英語的學習牽涉到大量的英語字彙背誦與文法結構,其中記憶英語字彙更是學習英語的一大關鍵。近幾年來,許多語言學習的研究都致力於字彙的記憶,顯示出字彙的知識對於學習語言的重要性。本研究以試題反應理論及學習記憶週期為基礎,提出一個有效的個人化智慧型英語字彙學習系統,能夠依據系統所估計出之學習者的英語字彙能力及學習者個別的字彙學習記憶週期,推薦合適難易度的字彙學習內容以供學習,幫助學習者更省時、省力地記憶英語字彙。

此外,無線網路技術的成熟帶動行動學習的發展,本研究爲考量學習者學習環境上的便利,將此系統建構於行動載具PDA上,讓學習者可以隨時隨地進行英語字彙的學習,打破傳統電腦學習上的時空限制。
Since English learning is very popular in non-English speaking countries, to develop modern assisted learning forms or tools for supporting effective English learning is a critical issue in the English-language education field. Learning English involves memorization and practice of a large number of vocabulary words and grammatical structures. It is well-known that English learning should pay attention to vocabulary learning, and even more the vocabulary learning is a key issue for English learning because vocabularies are basic elements in an English sentence. Therefore, many researchers made efforts in improving the efficiency and performance of English vocabulary learning. This study proposes a personalized English vocabulary learning system based on Item Response Theory and learning memory cycle, which can appropriately recommend English vocabulary for learning according to individual learner vocabulary ability and learning memory cycle.

Moreover, with the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile learning by mobile devices such as PDA, tablet PC, and cell phone has been gradually considered as a novel and effective learning form because it inherits all the advantages of e-learning as well as breaks the limitations of learning time and space occurring in the Web-based learning systems. To provide an effective and flexible learning environment for English vocabulary learning, the proposed system is implemented on PDA to enable learners who can memorize English vocabulary at any time and any place.
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Purpose of the Study 3
1.3 Significance of the Study 3
1.4 Limitations of the Study 4
1.5 Organization of the thesis 4

Chapter 2 Literature Review 6
2.1 Language Learning Strategies (LLS) 6
2.1.1 Classifications of Learning Strategies 8
2.1.2 Vocabulary Learning Strategies 9
2.2 Item Response Theory (IRT) 12
2.2.1 The Basic Ideas of Item Response Theory 13
2.2.2 Assumptions of Item Response Theory 14
2.2.3 The Popular Models in Item Response Theory 15
2.3 Information Processing Theory (IPT) 17
2.3.1 Classification of Memory Modes 17
2.3.2 The Process of Information Processing 18
2.3.3 Forgetting 20

Chapter 3 System Design 22
3.1 System Architecture 22
3.1.1 The Remote Management Server 23
3.1.2 The Client Mobile Learning System 23
3.2 The Components of Client Mobile Learning System 26
3.2.1 The vocabulary recommendation agent 26
3.2.2 The test agent 26
3.2.3 The learning performance assessment agent 27
3.3 Evaluating English Vocabulary Ability and Recommending English Vocabulary 28
3.3.1 Evaluating English vocabulary ability 28
3.3.2 Recommending English vocabulary and testing sheet 31
3.4 Measuring the Difficulty Parameter of English Vocabulary 32
3.4.1 Computing the length parameter of English vocabulary 35
3.4.2 Computing the phonetic parameter of English vocabulary 36
3.4.3 Determining the weight of the grading level of English vocabulary 37
3.4.4 An example for computing the length and phonetic parameters of English vocabulary 38
3.4.5 The Distribution of the Difficulties of English Vocabularies 39
3.5 Tuning Memory Cycle of the Learned English Vocabulary for Individual Learners 40

Chapter 4 Experimental Design and Analysis 45
4.1 The System Implementation 45
4.1.1 The Developmental Environment of Software and Hardware 45
4.1.2 The Designed System Interface 46
4.2 Experimental Design 50
4.3 System Evaluation 51
4.3.1 Learning Performance 51
4.3.2 Questionnaire analysis 56
4.4 Discussion 64

Chapter 5 Conclusions and Future Works 66
5.1 Conclusions 66
5.2 Future Works 66
5.2.1 The Improvement of Several Disadvantages of The Proposed English Vocabulary Learning System 67
5.2.2 Some Research Issues about English Vocabulary Learning 68

References 70
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