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研究生:吳林淑敏
研究生(外文):wu lin shu min
論文名稱:汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of the Relationship Between Organizational Equity and Effectiveness of Automobile Driving Schools
指導教授:蔡培村蔡培村引用關係
指導教授(外文):tsai pei tsun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:成人教育研究所在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:成人教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:關係人員行為工具項目
外文關鍵詞:data
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汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能關係之研究
摘  要

國內汽車成長快速增加,車輛繁多,交通事件頻傳,汽車駕駛訓練班的地位越來越重要。在汽車駕駛訓練班的員工行為好壞,可謂牽一髮而動全身,如何讓員工在汽車駕駛訓練班中能感覺受到公平的待遇,將影響其個人的工作行為與態度,進而牽連到整個汽車駕駛訓練班的組織效能。本研究旨在探討汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能關係之研究。研究目的為:
一、瞭解汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能的情況。
二、分析在汽車駕駛訓練班的受試者不同背景之組織公平與組織效能的情況。
三、釐清汽車駕駛訓練班的組織公平與組織效能之關係。
四、探討汽車駕駛訓練班之受試者的背景變項與組織公平對組織效能的預測力。
五、根據研究成果,提供給汽車駕駛訓練與相關單位參考並提出具體建議。
本研究首先經由文獻的探討瞭解討汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能的內涵與相關研究,進而提出討汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能關係之研究架構,進行問卷的編制、修正、預測、項目分析及信、效度考驗後,作為正式研究的調查工具,最後以高高屏汽車駕駛訓練班為抽樣對象,依據教練、講師、一般行政人員進行分層抽樣,有效樣本共349位,以t考驗、變異數分析、積差相關、迴歸分析等統計方法,對於資料加以分析與處理,之後再呈現研究結果,本章茲將研究主要發現先予以簡短羅列,再整理綜合歸納成結論,提出具體建議及進一步研究參考意見。
本研究結論為:
一、汽車駕駛訓練班最認同「互動公平」;在組織效能上「學習成長」表現最佳,其次是「顧客認同」
二、汽車駕駛訓練班員工的背景變項在「組織公平」上沒有顯著差異
三、汽車駕駛訓練班年長、教育程度越高的員工在「學習成長」的組織效能較佳
四、汽車駕駛訓練班的組織公平與組織效能具有正向相關的關係
五、汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平中,分配公平、互動公平分別與整體組織公平具有高度正向相關,關係最密切
六、汽車駕駛訓練班組織效能中,以顧客認同與整體組織效能具有高度正向相關,關係最密切
七、汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平對於組織效能具有顯著預測力,其中以互動公平最有預測力
最後則針對汽車駕駛訓練班依照結論提出具體的建議,協助汽車駕駛訓練班能在組織公平上有具體作為,進而提升組織效能,並提出進一步研究建議,作為研究參考。
The Study of the Relationship Between Organizational Equity and Effectiveness of Automobile Driving Schools

Abstract

The growth of domestic automobiles increases rapidly and numerously. Automobile accidents keep pouring in. The status of automobile driving schools is becoming more and more important. In automobile driving schools, the good and bad behaviors of employees affect the entire industry. How to let employees feel the fair treatment will affect each individual’s working behavior and attitude and will involve the entire organizational effectiveness in automobile driving schools. This study examines the relationship between organizational equity and effectiveness of automobile driving schools.

The purposes of the study are:
1. To understand the situation between organizational equity and effectiveness in automobile driving schools.
2. To analyze the respondents from automobile driving schools who have different backgrounds of organizational equity and effectiveness.
3. To clarify the relationship between organizational equity and effectiveness in automobile driving schools.
4. To confer the background variate and organizational equity of the respondents to the predicting of organizational effectiveness.
5. To provide reference to related units of automobile driving schools and to address concrete suggestions.
This research was first based on the literature review to understand the relationship between organizational equity and effectiveness in automobile driving schools. Based on the review, research questions and the questionnaire have developed to evaluate this relationship. Questionnaires were revised and valid using statistical analysis. By using stratified random sampling of three groups: driving coaches, lecturers and administrative personnel, 349 valid samples were collected from automobile driving schools in Kaohsiung and Ping-Tung. T-tests, analysis of variance, and regression analysis were used to analyze the data, and the results of major findings were presented in a brief format. Conclusions were based on the overall organized findings which lead to concrete recommendations and in developing further researches.

Conclusions
1. The most significant finding was the fairness interaction in automobile driving schools. Growth in learning performed the best in organizational effectiveness and then followed by customer identity.
2. There was no significant finding of the background variate in organizational equity of automobile driving schools.
3. Employees who are older and have received higher education have better learning growth in organizational effectiveness.
4. The organizational equity and effectiveness of automobile driving schools were positively correlated.
5. Distribution fairness and interaction fairness were positively correlated with organizational equity of automobile driving schools.
6. Customer satisfaction was positively correlated with organizational efficiency.
7. Organizational equity was highly predictable, especially interaction fairness to organizational effectiveness.
The conclusions of the study aimed to address concrete recommendations, to assist automobile driving schools to accomplish organizational equity, to up-grade organizational effectiveness, and to suggest further research studies as research references.
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景與重要性 ……………………………………………1
第二節 研究動機與目的 ………………………………………………3
第三節 研究問題與方法 ………………………………………………4
第四節 名詞釋義……………………………………………………… 5
第五節 研究範圍與限制……………………………………………… 7

第二章 文獻探討 ………………………………………… 9
第一節 組織公平理論與相關研究……………………………………9
第二節 組織效能涵義與相關衡量指標………………………………22
第三節 組織公平與組織效能關係之研究……………………………35

第三章 研究設計與實施 …………………………………38
第一節 研究架構 …………………………………………………… 38
第二節 研究假設 …………………………………………………… 39
第三節 研究對象 …………………………………………………… 40
第四節 研究工具 …………………………………………………… 43
第五節 實施程序 …………………………………………………… 50
第六節 資料處理 …………………………………………………… 51

第四章 研究結論與討論 …………………………………52
第一節 受試者知覺在汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能之整體分析………………………………………………………………52
第二節 受試者之背景變項在汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能差異之分析 ……………………………………………………55
第三節 汽車駕駛訓練班組織公平與組織效能相關之分析…………62
第四節 汽車駕駛訓練班受試者之背景變項、組織公平對組織效能的預測力分析……………………………………………………68

第五章 結論與建議 ……………………………………… 73
第一節 主要研究發現…………………………………………………73
第二節 結論……………………………………………………………77
第三節 建議……………………………………………………………80

參考文獻 …………………………………………………… 84
壹、中文部分………………………………………………………… 84
貳、英文部分………………………………………………………… 86
附錄
一、車駕駛訓練班組織行為量表專家效度評定表………………… 90
二、汽車駕駛訓練班組織行為預試問卷…………………………… 96
二、汽車駕駛訓練班組織行為問卷……………………………………99
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