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研究生:吳韋民
研究生(外文):Wei-Min Wu
論文名稱:鐵磁性記憶合金FePdAg與FePdAu物理特性與形狀記憶效應研究
指導教授:胡塵滌胡塵滌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen-Ti Hu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:材料科學工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:鐵磁性形狀記憶合金
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本實驗於Fe70Pd30鐵磁性形狀記憶合金中添加0.1~1at%的Ag取代部分Pd,利用快速凝固旋淬法製作薄帶試片,探討Fe-Pd合金添加第三元素,對材料的相變化溫度、磁性質、磁伸縮與形狀記憶效應的影響。以及對在先前研究中具有良好特性的FePdAu合金做加工、退火、再結晶處理,以瞭解處理前後試片在微結構與織構上的變化對其特性的影響。
在Fe-Pd合金添加Ag的實驗中發現:添加Ag會改變薄帶試片中之相結構,並在添加量提高後有bct相的出現。添加 0.1at%Ag薄帶試片Af相變化溫度會較無添加Ag之薄帶試片低,而後隨Ag添加量提高1at%,Af相變化溫度提高37度。添加Ag之薄帶試片晶粒尺寸皆較未添加之薄帶試片為小。隨Ag添加量的提高,薄帶試片中產生fct與bct麻田散相,使試片之矯頑磁場與飽和磁化量增加。雖bct相的出現會使磁伸縮值下降,但添加Ag之薄帶試片之磁伸縮值皆較未添加之薄帶試片高。在FePdAg薄帶試片則以Ag0.1薄帶試片雙向記憶回復率最佳,具有bct相的Ag1薄帶試片則完全無形狀記憶效應。所有添加Ag之試片經50次熱循環後皆有bct相的生成導致形狀回復率下降。
FePdAu熱處理實驗中發現經滾壓退火再結晶之薄帶試片可增加其磁伸縮值,其中以Au3-re試片的性質最好。再結晶後之試片形狀記憶效應皆下降甚至無形狀記憶行為。
論文摘要 Ⅰ
目錄 Ⅱ
表目錄 Ⅴ
圖目錄 Ⅵ

第一章 緒論 1

1-1 前言 1
1-2 鐵磁形狀記憶合金 3
1-2-1 形狀記憶效應 3
1-2-2 磁伸縮 5
1-2-3 鐵磁形狀記憶效應 6
1-2-4 鐵磁形狀記憶合金之應用 9
1-3 鐵鈀形狀記憶合金文獻回顧 9
1-3-1 鐵鈀製程文獻回顧 10
1-3-2鐵鈀形狀記憶合金相變化文獻回顧 10
1-3-3 形狀記憶效應 13
1-3-4 磁性質與磁伸縮(鐵磁性形狀記憶效應) 15
1-3-5 添加第三元素的影響 17
1-4 儀器與量測原理 18
1-4-1 應變規 18
1-4-2 振動樣品磁量儀(VSM) 19
1-5 研究目的 20
第二章 實驗步驟及方法 38

2-1 試片成分及製備 38
2-2 快速凝固法(旋淬法,melt-spinning) 39
2-3 薄帶試片熱處理 39
2-4 成分分析 40
2-5 結構分析及觀察 40
2-5-1 室溫X-ray 繞射分析 40
2-5-2 OM顯微結構觀察 40
2-6 磁性量測 41
2-7 磁伸縮量測 41
2-8 形狀記憶效應測試 42

第三章 結果與討論 47

3-1 試片代號介紹 47
3-2 試片基本性質研究 47
3-2-1 ICP-AES成分定量分析 47
3-2-2 室溫薄帶X-ray繞射分析 48
3-2-3 OM顯微結構觀察 51
3-3 相變化溫度研究 53
3-4 磁性質研究 54
3-5 磁伸縮研究 55
3-6 形狀記憶效應研究 58
3-7 添加第三元素Ag對抑制bct相的能力研究 61
3-8 FePdAu試片再結晶後形狀記憶效應 61
第四章 結論 89

第五章 參考文獻 91
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