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研究生:洪妤如
研究生(外文):Yu-Ju Hung
論文名稱:應用視覺化與操作之模擬軟體在電子學上的學習效果
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Simulation with Visualization and Manipulation on Electronics Learning
指導教授:張國恩張國恩引用關係宋曜廷宋曜廷引用關係方瓊瑤方瓊瑤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-En ChangYao-Ting Sung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:資訊教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:電腦輔助教學模擬視覺化操作電子學
外文關鍵詞:Computer assisted instructionsimulationvisualizationmanipulationelectronics
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電腦模擬學習已成為電腦輔助教學中逐漸廣泛被應用的模式,近年來許多領域以視覺化模擬做研究,發現視覺化模擬必須加強與學習者互動,增加讓學習者操作的機會,能夠促進學習效果。本研究以科技系大二學生兩個班級共49位學生為實驗對像,進行三週實驗。主要目的為(1) 探討學習者在使用只有視覺化模擬軟體與使用視覺化加上操作功能的模擬軟體,當作課後複習工具之後,其學習成效上的差異。(2) 透過歷程分析,探討個別學習者其不同的學習模式與其學習成效的關聯性。(3) 探討學習者在使用模擬軟體後,對電子學視覺化與操作之模擬軟體之態度。
研究結果發現,視覺化加上模擬操作功能的學習活動,其成效大於僅用視覺化功能之學習活動;單用視覺化功能幫助學習,無法提升學習者之學習成效,使用視覺化加上模擬操作功能的方式學習,則能夠提升學習者之學習成效。歷程分析結果發現,以探索式自行調整操作的學習模式,以及經過操作後再重複進行概念釐清學習,可能讓學習者增加學習成效果。學習者對於以「視覺化概念釐清加上引導式模擬操作」功能的教學活動方式與軟體本身大多數持正向肯定之態度。
Computer-based simulation learning has already become the way in which computer assisted instruction is used extensively, the researches of computer visualization and simulation learning contain a lot of fields in recent years. The studies proposed that visualized simulation should enhance the interaction in learning, and increase the opportunities of manipulation. This paper presents a approach for learning electronics, the research purposes are (1) to investigate the effect of simulation with visualization and manipulation on electronics learning. (2) to investigate the relation between individual learner’s learning style and the learning effect through analyzing the learning process. (3) to investigate learner’s attitude about the simulation software. The target audiences of this research are 49 sophomore students in department of industrial technology education.
The results showed that the effect of simulation with visualization and manipulation is better than simulation with only visualization. Simulatiom with only visualization cannot promote learning effect, however simulation with visualization and manipulaton can promote learning effect. The analysis of learning process showed that the exploring learning style may rise learning effect. The results also show that learners have positive attitude toward the simulation software.
附表目錄 xi
附圖目錄 xiii

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 4

第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 建構學習與發現式學習理論 5
2.2 電腦模擬學習與教學 7
2.2.1 電腦模擬的定義 7
2.2.2 電腦模擬教學 9
2.2.3 視覺化模擬的效果 11
2.2.3 電子學模擬教學 15

第三章 系統設計理念、架構與功能 18
3.1 設計理念與原則 18
3.2 系統架構 19
3.3 系統功能與學習單元 21
3.3.1 系統功能 21
3.3.2 學習單元 32

第四章 研究方法 34
4.1 實驗對象 34
4.2 實驗設計 35
4.3 實驗工具 37
4.3 實驗程序 41

第五章 結果與討論 46
5.1 成就測驗 46
5.2 學習歷程分析 50
5.3 態度問卷結果 53
5.4 討論 63

第六章 結論與建議 66
6.1 結論 66
6.2 建議 67

參考文獻 68
附錄一 電子學成就測驗(前測試券) 74
附錄二 電子學成就測驗(後測試卷) 78
附錄三 「電子學視覺化與操作之模擬軟體」融入教學之態度問卷(實驗組) 82
附錄四 「電子學視覺化模擬軟體」融入教學之態度問卷(對照組) 84
附錄五 「電子學視覺化與操作之模擬軟體」融入教學之訪談問題(實驗組) 86
附錄六 「電子學視覺化模擬軟體」融入教學之訪談問題(對照組) 88
附錄七 各單元模擬操作題目彙整表 90
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