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研究生:江國瑩
研究生(外文):Kuo-Ying Chiang
論文名稱:不同鹽度下文蛤及牡蠣對重金屬蓄積之研究
論文名稱(外文):tudies on heavy metal accumulation of Meretrix lusoria and Crassostrea gigas at salinity changes
指導教授:鄭學淵鄭學淵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sha-Yen Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:鹽度文蛤牡蠣重金屬蓄積
外文關鍵詞:salinityMeretrix lusoriaCrassostrea gigasheavy metalccumulation
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摘 要
文蛤(Meretrix lusoria)在不同鹽度(14、24及34 psu)下,以及牡蠣(Crassostrea gigas)在鹽度24及34 psu下,探討此兩種貝類對銅、鋅、鉛及鎘等重金屬蓄積之影響研究。
文蛤於三個不同鹽度(14、24及34 psu)下,持續暴露四天後水中重金屬濃度均減少,文蛤體內重金屬蓄積量隨著暴露的天數與鹽度增加而增加。文蛤殼上重金屬蓄積量隨著暴露的天數與鹽度降低而增加。鎘及鋅於文蛤體內重金屬濃縮係數隨著鹽度增加而增加。鉛、鎘及銅於文蛤殼上重金屬濃縮係數隨著鹽度增加而降低。
牡蠣不適於在¬鹽度14 psu下生存,在二個鹽度24及34 psu下,四天後發現牡蠣水中重金屬濃度均減少,鹽度24增加到34 psu,濃度隨之增加的是銅,鉛、鋅及鎘則減少。牡蠣體內重金屬蓄積量,鹽度24增加到34 psu,銅、鉛及鎘隨之蓄積量增加,鋅為減少。牡蠣殼上重金屬蓄積量隨著天數增加而增加,鹽度24增加到34 psu,銅、鉛、鎘及鋅隨之蓄積量減少。體內重金屬濃縮係數,隨著鹽度增加而增加;殼上重金屬濃縮係數隨著鹽度增加而減少有鉛、鎘及銅,鋅是增加。
經統計分析結果:4天後各鹽度間和文蛤體內重金屬濃度 及殼上鉛、鎘及銅等重金屬皆有顯著差異(P < 0.05);體內鉛、銅及鋅等重金屬之濃縮係數和各鹽度之間有顯著差異(P < 0.05);殼上鎘和銅等重金屬之濃縮係數和各鹽度之間有顯著差異(P < 0.05)。在鹽度24及34 psu下,4天後文蛤及牡蠣水中重金屬濃度、體內重金屬及殼上重金屬與鹽度間有顯著差異(P < 0.05),而在鹽度34 psu和文蛤及牡蠣水中銅濃度無顯著差異(P > 0.05);文蛤及牡蠣體內、殼上重金屬濃縮係數和鹽度間有顯著差異(P < 0.05),但在鹽度34 psu下,文蛤及牡蠣體內鋅濃縮係數和鹽度34 psu無顯著差異(P > 0.05)。
Abstract
This study aimed to investigate the abilities of Meretrix lusoria and Crassostrea gigas to accumulate heavy metal under different salinities.
The reduction of heavy metal concentration in the water and an increase of heavy mental concentration in the body of M. lusoria following a 4-day exposure under 3 different salinities (14、24and 34 psu).
As the time of exposure increased and the decrease of salinity, the amount of heavy metal on the shell of M. lusoria increased accordingly: cadmium and zinc in the body of M. lusoria increased as salinity increased while lead and copper decreased as salinity increased.
Salinity under 14 psu was not suitable for C. gigas to survive. The heavy metal concentration of the water C. gigas exposed to has been reduced under salinity levels of 24 and 34 psu after a 4-day experiment: copper and lead increased while zinc and cadmium decrease as the salinity increased from 24 to 24 psu,
The heavy metal concentration on the shell of C. gigas increased following days of exposure: copper, lead, and zinc decreased as the salinity increased from 24 to 34 psu.
The heavy metal concentration in the body of C. gigas increased as salinity increased. Lead, cadmium, and copper on the shell of C. gigas decreased while zinc increased as salinity increased.
The statistic data suggested a significant difference(P < 0.05) between salinity, heavy metal concentration in the body of M. lusoria, and heavy metal on the shell of M. lusoria such as lead, cadmium, and copper after a 4-day experiment: There was a significant difference between salinity and heavy metal concentration factor in the body of M. lusoria (P < 0.05) and a significant difference between heavy metal concentration factor on the shell of M. lusoria and salinity.
The data also suggested a significant difference(P < 0.05) between the water M. lusoria and C. gigas exposed to, heavy metal concentration in bodies and shells of M. lusoria and C. gigas, and salinity. Yet there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) between salinity of 34 psu and heavy metal concentration in the water M. lusoria and C. gigas exposed to. There is a significant difference(P < 0.05)between salinity and heavy metal concentration factor in the bodies and on the shells of M. lusoria and C. gigas while there is no significant difference(P > 0.05)between salinity of 34 psu and zinc concentration factor in the bodies of M. lusoria and C. gigas.
目 錄
第一章緒言………………………………………………………………1
第二章文獻整理…………………………………………………………3
第三章不同鹽度下文蛤對混合重金屬溶液蓄積之影響
一、摘要……………………………………………………………11
二、前言……………………………………………………………12
三、材料與方法……………………………………………………13
四、結果……………………………………………………………16
五、討論……………………………………………………………22
六、表………………………………………………………………28
七、圖………………………………………………………………32
第四章不同鹽度下牡蠣對混合重金屬溶液蓄積之影響
一、摘要……………………………………………………………40
二、前言……………………………………………………………41
三、材料與方法……………………………………………………42
四、結果……………………………………………………………45
五、討論……………………………………………………………50
六、表………………………………………………………………56
七、圖………………………………………………………………61
第五章結論 ……………………………………………………………73
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………74
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