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研究生:陳怡茹
研究生(外文):Yi-Ju Chen
論文名稱:台灣東北部宜蘭灣周邊海域纖毛蟲現存量的時空分布之研究
論文名稱(外文):Spatial and temporal variation of oligotrich ciliate populations in the Ilan Bay northeast Taiwan
指導教授:蔣國平蔣國平引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-Ping Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:43
中文關鍵詞:少毛類纖毛蟲時空分佈湧昇流颱風宜蘭灣周邊海域
外文關鍵詞:oligotrich ciliatetemporal distributionsupwellingtyphoonIlan Bay
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宜蘭灣周邊海域除夏季西南季風盛行時,台灣海峽水從北方入侵本海域外,其餘季節主要均受黑潮水影響。本研究於2004年4月至2005年9月期間利用海研二號進行7個航次現場採樣與觀測,以期了解少毛類纖毛蟲在宜蘭灣周邊海域之時空分布。
由研究結果顯示,宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲現存量之平均值介於2.1 ~ 18.6 × 104 cells m-3。除了在2005年5月在灣內有最高值表現外,其餘各季節整體數量平均上並沒有產生明顯的季節變動。2005年5月份少毛類纖毛蟲有高值出現,同時有發現湧昇流的現象,因此推測流昇流將底層營養鹽帶入表層提供餌量利用,促使少毛類纖毛蟲成長。本海域當河川水注入時,並未發現纖毛蟲數量明顯變化,推測是成長延遲所造成。由此可知如果受到河川淡水或湧昇流的影響使餌料增加一段時間後,少毛類纖毛蟲群集會產生明顯的反應。
There are 2 different water currents affect the marine environment of Ilan Bay. Generally, it was mainly controlled by Kuroshio Current except a specific period of southwestern seasonal monsoon when Taiwan Strait Current intrudes from the northern side. The variation in the spatial and temporal distributions of oligotrich ciliate community in the Ilan Bay was investigated in 7 cruises on board the R/V Ocean Research II between April 5004 and November 2005. The mean depth-averaged abundance of oligotrich ciliate ranged from 2.1× 104 to 18.6 × 104 cells m-3. A peak value occurred in May 2005, and no significant difference was found in other months. We propose that prey increase rapidly because nutrient supplied by a weak upwelling caused the high density phenomenon. On the other hand, we did not observe noticeable change of ciliate community when a huge runoff from LanYang His, which was a result caused by a growth lag phase. Therefore, we know that the growth response of oligotrich ciliate need a short period after the prey increase.
中文摘要………………………………………………………………….I
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
目錄……………………………………………………………………….Ⅲ
表目錄…………………………………………………………………….Ⅳ
圖目錄.............................................................................................Ⅴ
附錄表……………………………………………………………………Ⅵ
前言………………………………………………………………………...1
2.材料與方法………………………………………………………………3
2.1採樣與測站………………………………………………………….3
2.2 細胞計數與體積……………………………………………………3
2.3 資料分析……………………………………………………………4
3 結果…………………………………………………………………….5
3.1宜蘭灣海洋環境變動之情形………………………………..……...5
3.2宜蘭灣周邊海域表層溫鹽時空變化……………………………….5
3.3宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲的時空分布……………………….6
3.4宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲細胞數量垂直分佈……………….7
3.5宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲種類組成與細胞大小( ESD )…….7
4 討論……………………………………………………….....................9
4.1宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲數量…………………………….....9
4.2宜蘭灣週邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲與餌料之關係……………………11
參考文獻………………………………………………………………… 13

表 目 錄

表1. …………………………………………………………………19
表2. …………………………………………………………………20
表3. …………………………………………………………………21
表4. …………………………………………………………………22



圖 目 錄

圖1.採樣測站位置圖,圖中的圓點代表測站…………………………23
圖2. 2004年至2005年各季節表層溫鹽平均變化圖…………………24
圖3.採樣期間,宜蘭灣周邊海域表層水溫圖………………………….25
圖4. 2004年至2005年垂直溫鹽圖……………………………………26
圖5.採樣期間,宜蘭灣周邊海域表層鹽度圖…………………………27
圖6. 2004年至2005年各季節少毛類纖毛蟲平均數量變化圖………28
圖7.採樣期間,宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲平均數量圖………….29
圖8.少毛類纖毛蟲垂直分布圖…………………….…………………..30
圖9.宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲種類組成`………………………31
圖10.宜蘭灣周邊海域龜山島測站少毛類纖毛蟲各季節ESD平均值32
圖11. 宜蘭灣周邊海域各季節少毛類纖毛蟲ESD大小組成………33

附錄表

附錄一. 顯微鏡下宜蘭灣周邊海域少毛類纖毛蟲種類……………..23
附錄二. 宜蘭灣北部灣內、灣外Tempevatare Vs Satiniey圖………24
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