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研究生:沈群英
研究生(外文):Chun-ying Shen
論文名稱:策略調準模糊模式用於供應商之選擇
論文名稱(外文):Vendor Selection Using a Strategy-aligned Fuzzy Approach
指導教授:周碩彥周碩彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shuo-yan Chou
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:工業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:供應商選擇策略調凖模式模糊品質機能展開模糊因素分析法模糊構面分析法
外文關鍵詞:Suppliers/Vendor selectionStrategy alignmentFuzzy quality function deploymentFuzzy factor rating systemFuzzy dimensional analysis system
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:221
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  • 下載下載:24
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
基於市場的日益競爭,客戶需求的多變與劇變,產品生命週期的縮短,以及成本改善之壓力,供應商的選擇問題,已愈來愈受產學界的重視。供應商的選擇屬於企業策略管理層次的考量,其決策過程並非結構化而係屬半結構性或非結構性的問題,因此評量供應商判凖(Criterion)無法完全依據作業性指標(Operational metrics);另外,目前研究文獻中,既存的供應商選擇模式與方法在尋求最佳解時,多未探討供應商的選擇判凖與企業經營策略的關聯。本研究採用供應商定位矩陣(supplier positioning matrix),提供給決策團隊與主管,做為地圖式(Map)或透鏡式(Lens)的輔助性工具並配合模糊品質機能展開(Fuzzy QFD)手法,進行系統化的決定部品別(component/assembly-based)供應商應該俱備的供應條件與能力,幫助決策者釐清經營策略與供應商選擇判凖與權重(Weight)的關聯,將市場對產品與服務的需求條件與供應商對供應品與服務的履行能力,作整合性的連結,以選擇出能滿足市場客戶所需條件之潛在供應商。本研究考慮到新(潛在)供應商可資驗證的交易記錄(proven track records)的不完整以及評估者對評估指標認知上的不確定性,因此在供應商評估階段,導入模糊因素評分法(Fuzzy factor rating system)以及模糊構面分析法(Fuzzy dimensional analysis system);至於各供應商履行供應條件的風險問題,本模式另建有提供決策主管能依據其職權以及對各供應商背景條件的瞭解與判斷,選擇出適當的風險係數作為調整決策之用,以符合主管管理職權與決策環境。而敏感性分析的建議則可讓決策主管了解其決策態度與行為對評估結果的影響。最後,本研究以3C產業之實際個案公司,套用本論文模式進行新供應商之選擇問題,從雙方互動過程與結果評估後的檢討中,得到出一些值得推敲的管理蘊涵。
Supplier/Vendor selection decision becomes increasingly important for most manufacturing firms as it helps to increased competitiveness, customer satisfaction and profitability. The supplier/vendor selection is a decision-making problem at the strategic management level that involves a semi-structured process. The majority of the existing approaches obtained their optimal solutions without considering their fits with the strategy of the firm. This study utilizes the supplier positioning matrix, modified from the product-process change matrix, and the fuzzy quality function deployment to link the capability of suppliers with the requirements of the customers to identify the strategy-aligned criteria for vendor selection in a modified re-buy situation. A fuzzy factor rating system and fuzzy dimensional analysis are then used to evaluate the potential vendors based on the type of components required by the customers. In addition, in the proposed model, the final decision-maker is given the authority to synthesize the scores of individual alternatives based on the risks of individual vendors to accommodate the differences among the vendors to the specific environment. An empirical case study is performed to demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed system and to identify the best potential vendor(s) for further negotiation and development. The results of the case study also provide interesting managerial implications.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌 謝 III
Table of Contents IV
List of Tables VI
List of Figures VII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Research motivations and objectives 4
1.3 Research scope and structure 10
Chapter 2 literature review 14
2.1 Product-process change matrix 14
2.2 The prescriptive framework of supplier selection 15
2.3 Quality function deployment 20
2.4 Factor rating system and dimension analysis system 22
2.5 Supply risk 23
Chapter 3 An Integrated Framework for VS in a Modified Re-buy Situation 25
3.1 The supplier positioning matrix and selection criteria related with BPI 25
3.2 Fundamentals of fuzzy set theory 28
3.3 Identification of the weights of criteria by fuzzy assessment approach 32
3.4 Identification of the weights of criteria by fuzzy QFD 34
3.5 Computation of the aggregated fuzzy ratings of alternatives 37
3.5.1 Fuzzy factor rating system 37
3.5.2 Fuzzy dimensional analysis system 39
Chapter 4 An Empirical Case Study 42
4.1 Case study profile 42
4.2 Identified the strategy-aligned criteria of vendor selection 43
4.2.1 Identified the weights of criteria by fuzzy assessment approach 44
4.2.2 Identified the importance weights of criteria by fuzzy QFD 45
4.3 The computation of fuzzy FRS 46
4.4 Sensitivity analysis 48
4.5 The computation of fuzzy DAS 50
4.6 Managerial implications 51
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Suggestions 54
References 56
Appendices 65
作者簡介 69
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