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研究生:高逸竹
研究生(外文):Yi-chu Kao
論文名稱:支援未飽和與叢發性流量之IEEE802.11e無線區域網路之效能分析
論文名稱(外文):Performance Analysis of IEEE 802.11e Wireless Local Area Networks with Unsaturated and Bursty Traffic
指導教授:鍾順平
指導教授(外文):Shun-Ping Chung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞: 馬可夫調變之波以松程序 自我類似性 成功送達率延遲 波以松IEEE 802.11e
外文關鍵詞:MMPPself-similarthroughputdelayPoissonIEEE 802.11e
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  • 下載下載:22
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近年來由於無線區域網路的低成本,容易安裝以及比3G網路有較高的資料傳輸率,使得它獲得普遍的流行。較受歡迎之無線區域網路標準為802.11系列。傳統的IEEE 802.11是使用具有以二為基底之指數型後退法則之CSMA/CA作為MAC層協定。CSMA/CA是以競爭為基礎且沒有提供任何優先權機制,因此沒有提供服務之差異化。因此當我們期望無線網路除了非即時性的資料流量以外還能夠提供即時性語音及影像的服務時,IEEE 802.11e因而被提出以提供服務差異化。IEEE 802.11e中的一個進接機制即為EDCA,在本篇論文中,我們透過模擬來研究在不同流量情境之下EDCA的效能。我們考慮更接近真實的流量模型來取代一般文獻所假設的飽和情形,例如,Poisson以及MMPP流量模型。為了強調網際網路流量的自我類似性,我們假設MMPP程序之ON與OFF週期不只是指數型分佈而且也可以是Weibull分佈。在此系統中使用的是RTS/CTS進接機制,並且假設每個工作站的佇列是有限的。我們考慮的效能量度包含成功送達率、平均進接延遲,佇列延遲,因為進接失敗與緩衝器滿溢而導致的封包遺失率。
Wireless local area networks have gained a lot of popularity in recent years due to its ease of installment, low cost and high data rate compared to 3G networks. One standard family of the popular wireless local area networks is the IEEE 802.11 series. The legacy IEEE 802.11 utilizes CSMA/CA with binary exponential backoff as its Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol. CSMA/CA is contention-based, and does not provide any priority schemes and thus service differentiation. As more and more real-time voice and video other than non-real-time data are expected in wireless domain, IEEE 802.11e is proposed to support service differentiation. One of the access scheme of IEEE 802.11e is the enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA). In this thesis, we study the performance of EDCA under different traffic scenarios via computer simulation. Instead of the saturated traffic scenario that is often assumed, we consider more realistic traffic models, e.g., Poisson and Markov Modulated Poisson Process (MMPP) traffic models. To emphasize on the self-similarity of internet traffic, ON and OFF periods of MMPP processes are assumed to be not only exponentially distributed but also Weibull distributed. We study the RTS/CTS access mechanism. Furthermore, each station is assumed to have a finite queue. The performance measures of interest are throughput, mean access delay, queueing delay, and packet losses due to both access failure and buffer overflow.
摘要 I
Abstract II
Contents IV
List of Figures V
List of Tables VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 IEEE 802.11e Reviews 3
2.1 Architecture 3
2.2 PHY Layer 4
2.3 MAC Sublayer 5
2.4 Distributed Coordination Function (DCF) 6
2.5 EDCA Overview 8
Chapter 3 Simulation Environment 11
3.1 Traffic characterization 11
3.2 Performance measures 12
Chapter 4 Simulation results 11
4.1 Saturated Model 15
4.2 Poisson Model 16
4.2.1 Arrival rate 16
4.2.2 Buffer size 17
4.2.3 AIFS 19
4.2.4 Initial Contention Window 19
4.3 MMPP-Exp Model 20
4.3.1 Arrival rate 20
4.3.2 Buffer size 21
4.3.3 AIFS 21
4.3.4 Initial Contention Window 22
4.4 The MMPP-Weibull Model 22
4.4.1 Arrival rate 22
4.4.2 Buffer size 24
4.4.3 AIFS 24
4.4.4 Initial Contention Window 24
4.5 Burstiness of Packet Arrivals 25
4.6 Buffer Size 26
4.7 AIFS 27
4.8 Initial Contention Window Size 28
4.9 Window Increasing Factor 29
4.10 Ratio of ON and OFF Durations 30
Chapter 5 Conclusion 93
References 94
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