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研究生:孔令芸
研究生(外文):KUNG LING-YUN
論文名稱:朵貝‧楊笙慕敏谷故事系列中的渾沌、秩序與轉變
論文名稱(外文):Chaos, Order and Transformation in Tove Jansson's Moominvalley Series
指導教授:史文生史文生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Frank W. Stevenson
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:英國語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
中文關鍵詞:朵貝‧楊笙混沌秩序轉變快樂的姆米家庭姆米谷的慧星姆米谷的瘋狂夏日姆米爸爸的回憶姆米谷的冬天姆米谷的伙伴們姆米爸爸出海去姆米谷的11月
外文關鍵詞:chaosordertransformationTove JanssonmoominvalleyComet in MoominlandFinn Family MoomintrollMoominsummer MadnessMoominland MidwinterTales from MoominvalleyMoominpappa at
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摘要
朵貝‧楊笙的慕敏谷是每個人心中的烏托邦。書中所描述的森林、海岸等美麗的自然景觀,與芬蘭灣相似;同時,作者以北國的寧靜山谷為背景,編織出一系列慕敏家庭的快樂冒險故事。在慕敏谷中,一切都是美好、自由的。它代表著人們記憶裡的快樂童年,屬於永恆歡樂的夏日時光。然而,慕敏谷不是永遠處於和諧的氣氛中。混沌與秩序這兩種力量,彼此不間斷地進行角力和競爭,但總會達到某種程度上的平衡。有時,美麗的大自然會轉變成毀滅的力量去侵襲慕敏谷。又或者,無可避免地,經過無憂無慮的夏天之後,就要準備面對嚴酷冬天的事實。而在這一系列的慕敏故事中,尤其是後面幾本小說,開始探討主角們所遇到的各種心理危機,使得原本屬於烏托邦的慕敏世界也開始動搖。在混沌與秩序兩種力量不斷的互相衝擊之下,會帶給慕敏們什麼樣的變化?在經歷這些轉變之後,慕敏們是否能以原本的心境,再度回到屬於歡樂童年的慕敏谷?亦或者,他們已經準備進入人生中的另一個階段?事實上,世界就像人生一樣,會在不斷前進的未來中持續的轉變。
Abstract
There is a basic theme of chaos and order in the Moomin stories. The Moominvalley is a utopian society. It is a memory of childhood with its eternal summer. However, the paradise is not always warm and harmless. Actually, the unique world combines two powers. The Scandinavian context establishes the setting. Summer is always sunny, warm and energetic. Winter is dark, dead and dangerous. The force of a natural disaster continues to threat Moomin World. The characters are separated by the natural forces. They still can get reunion at the end and go back to Moominvalley. In the later books, the characters meet some identity crises in the lonely atmosphere. They need to redefine themselves and consider what they are going to do next. Therefore, now, after experiencing some psychological crises, the Moomins are different form the day before. It is a change through this process of suffering, and the simple mind will become a complex one. Even, they will return to order; it is a certain loss of innocence and becomes experienced youthfulness. Moominvalley combines both unity and separation, harmony and conflict. It’s a balance between order and disorder, in one way we see it always returning to order but in another way we can see it as going partly through the transformations of subjectivity of self-identity toward disorder.
Contents
Introduction 1
Chapter One: Nature
I. Landscape 7
II. Disasters 11
Chapter Two: Nordic Myth
I. Trolls 20
II. Summer as Mythic Archetype 23
III. Winter as Mythic Archetype 31
Chapter Three: Inner Disturbance
I. Loneliness and Isolation 37
II. Identity Crises 47
III. Doubts the Meaning of Existence 62
Chapter Four: Beyond the Borderline
I. Secure Sphere 69
II. First Encounter 72
III. Loss of Childhood 77
Conclusion 83
Work Cited 87
Bibliography 91
Work Cited
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