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論文名稱(外文):Chaos, Order and Transformation in Tove Jansson's Moominvalley Series
指導教授(外文):Frank W. Stevenson
外文關鍵詞:chaosordertransformationTove JanssonmoominvalleyComet in MoominlandFinn Family MoomintrollMoominsummer MadnessMoominland MidwinterTales from MoominvalleyMoominpappa at
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There is a basic theme of chaos and order in the Moomin stories. The Moominvalley is a utopian society. It is a memory of childhood with its eternal summer. However, the paradise is not always warm and harmless. Actually, the unique world combines two powers. The Scandinavian context establishes the setting. Summer is always sunny, warm and energetic. Winter is dark, dead and dangerous. The force of a natural disaster continues to threat Moomin World. The characters are separated by the natural forces. They still can get reunion at the end and go back to Moominvalley. In the later books, the characters meet some identity crises in the lonely atmosphere. They need to redefine themselves and consider what they are going to do next. Therefore, now, after experiencing some psychological crises, the Moomins are different form the day before. It is a change through this process of suffering, and the simple mind will become a complex one. Even, they will return to order; it is a certain loss of innocence and becomes experienced youthfulness. Moominvalley combines both unity and separation, harmony and conflict. It’s a balance between order and disorder, in one way we see it always returning to order but in another way we can see it as going partly through the transformations of subjectivity of self-identity toward disorder.
Introduction 1
Chapter One: Nature
I. Landscape 7
II. Disasters 11
Chapter Two: Nordic Myth
I. Trolls 20
II. Summer as Mythic Archetype 23
III. Winter as Mythic Archetype 31
Chapter Three: Inner Disturbance
I. Loneliness and Isolation 37
II. Identity Crises 47
III. Doubts the Meaning of Existence 62
Chapter Four: Beyond the Borderline
I. Secure Sphere 69
II. First Encounter 72
III. Loss of Childhood 77
Conclusion 83
Work Cited 87
Bibliography 91
Work Cited
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