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研究生:孫維志
研究生(外文):Suen Wei-Jr
論文名稱:音樂情緒對設計師發散性思考的影響
論文名稱(外文):Impact of Musical Emotion on Designer’s Divergent Thinking
指導教授:盧禎慧盧禎慧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lu Chen-Hui
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:實踐大學
系所名稱:產品與建築設計研究所
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:137
中文關鍵詞:音樂情緒Russell環型情緒理論發散性思考Torrance圖形思考測驗
外文關鍵詞:Musical EmotionRussell’s Circumplex ModelDivergent ThinkingTorrance Test of Creative Thinking
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
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  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:266
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
現代企業治理之道必須是以人為本的,為使員工的優勢和潛力凝聚成企業的核心能力,重視員工的工作情緒和創造性,其重要性絕對是提升企業競爭力的首要條件。本研究關切此議題,將焦點放在營造工作氣氛的背景音樂,探討工業設計師在不同的音樂情緒影響下,其圖形創意思考展開的作業表現是否有所差異。本研究以Russell的環型情緒理論(Circumplex Model) 作為分類音樂情緒方式上的支持理論,操弄變項為「正負向情感」與「喚起程度」的音樂情緒,採取二因子受試者間設計,以「Torrance圖形發散性思考測驗」作為工業設計師的作業表現,評量在不同音樂情境底下,其流暢力、應變力、獨創力、精進力分數之間的差異。

實驗一主要目的為了解音樂的特徵屬性與情緒反應之間的關係並挑選實驗音樂;從質化訪談調查中發現節奏似乎是影響情緒喚起程度的重要因素,而音色與旋律風格似乎與正負向情感有很高的相關性。

實驗二則主要探討音樂的「正負向情感」與「喚起程度」對發散性思考四種能力之影響。研究發現(一)正向情感的音樂情緒對於「流暢力」與「應變力」能力之得分表現有正向幫助,負向情感則與無聽音樂無顯著差異。(二)音樂情緒對於「獨創力」的影響,須視不同時間壓力而定。在低時壓下,正負向情感不對「獨創力」產生作用,高喚起情境中的得分,普遍低於低喚起情境與無音樂情境的得分。在高時壓下,處於高喚起情境中的得分,普遍高於低喚起情境與無音樂情境的得分。正負向情感對獨創力的影響須視不同的喚起程度條件,正向情感高喚起情境與負向情感低喚起情境皆有較好的獨創力表現。(三)在低時壓下,各音樂情緒對「精進力」的得分表現無顯著影響效果。在高時壓下,正向情感高喚起與負向情感低喚起兩情境相較於無音樂情境皆有較佳的精進力表現。

最後依據研究結果,對於設計工作中環境的音樂屬性選擇提出具體建議事項,可作為未來設計工作者與設計公司之參考,以了解如何運用音樂調適工作情緒,激發創意思考,以創造更良好的身心工作環境。
Modern businesses’ management must be based on humans. To channel employees’ advantages and potential into a business’s core abilities and attach importance to their emotion and creativity at work, this is absolutely the foremost condition to enhance an enterprise’s competitiveness. This issue concerns this study, which attempts to focus on background music which creates work atmospheres. The present work will discuss whether there are any differences in originality, thinking and development in their drawings between industrial designers under the influence of different musical emotions. It will draw on James A. Russell’s circumplex model for classifying musical emotions, with “positive valence,” “negative valence” and “arousal level” as manipulated variables. Moreover, a 2×2 between-subjects design will be adopted, and the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking will be used to determine industrial designers’ performance. Under different musical contexts, their fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration will be evaluated.

In Experiment I aims to get an understanding of the relations between the characteristics of music and emotional response and to select music for experiment. It is found in qualitative interviews that rhythms might be the key factor that causes excitement or quiet, and that tones and melodies seem to be highly relevant to a sense of pleasure.

Experiment II, on the other hand, mainly discusses the effects of “positive valence,” “negative valence” and “arousal level” in music on the four abilities of creative thinking. It is found in the analysis that, first, musical emotion of positive valence contributes positively on the scores of “fluency” and “flexibility,” whereas musical emotion of negative valence is not remarkably different from not listening to music. Second, effects of musical emotion on “originality” vary depending on the time pressure. At low time pressure, positive/negative valences will not have any effects on “originality.” The scores of high arousal levels are generally lower than those of low arousal levels and those of no music situations. At high time pressure, the scores of high arousal levels are generally higher than those of low arousal levels and no music situations. Effects of positive/negative valences on “originality” are dependent on the arousal level condition. Positive valence plus high arousal levels and negative valence plus low arousal levels both have better performance. Third, At low time pressure, different musical emotions have no noticeable effects on the score of “elaboration.” At high time pressure, positive valence plus high arousal levels and negative valence plus low arousal levels both have better performance.

Finally, based on the research results, suggestions with regard to music properties in design work’s environments will be proposed to serve as a reference for future design workers and design companies. By getting an understanding of how to use music to adjust work emotion and creating a better physical and mental work environment, creative thinking can be stimulated.
中文摘要 ............................................................I
ABSTRACT...........................................................II
誌 謝.............................................................IV
圖 目 錄..........................................................VII
表 目 錄.........................................................VIII
第一章 前言..........................................................2
1.1 研究背景、問題和動機...............................................2
1.1.1 音樂與工作環境..................................................2
1.1.2 音樂對於工作情緒的影響...........................................3
1.1.3 音樂激發創作靈感................................................4
1.2 研究議題.........................................................6
1.3 研究目的.........................................................7
1.4 研究架構.........................................................8
第二章 文獻探討.....................................................11
2.1 音樂情緒........................................................12
2.1.1音樂的形式與構成................................................12
2.1.2 音樂對人類生理、心理的影響.......................................20
2.1.3音樂與情緒的關係................................................25
2.2發散性思考........................................................30
2.2.1 發散性思考的意涵...............................................31
2.2.2 發散性思考的運用...............................................34
2.2.3 發散性思考與創意思考............................................36
2.2.4 發散性思考與設計創新的關係.......................................38
2.3 情緒與創意思考...................................................42
2.3.1 正向情緒與創意思考..............................................45
2.3.2 負向情緒與創意思考..............................................46
2.4 研究假設........................................................47
第三章 研究方法.....................................................50
3.1 研究架構與流程...................................................50
3.2 實驗一:音樂屬性與情感反應........................................53
3.2.1實驗一A........................................................53
3.2.2實驗一B........................................................62
3.3 實驗二:發散性思考測驗............................................67
第四章 結果與分析....................................................78
4.1 分析一:各音樂情境組間發散性思考測驗得分比較.........................78
4.2 分析二:音樂的正負向情感與喚起程度對發散性思考能力之影響..............82
4.3 分析三:時間壓力對發散性思考能力之影響..............................90
第五章 討論、結論與建議.............................................103
5.1 研究結果.......................................................103
5.2 討論..........................................................107
5.3研究侷限與後續研究建議............................................114
參考文獻...........................................................116
附錄一.............................................................122
附錄二.............................................................124
附錄三.............................................................126
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中文期刊與論文

1.余佩菡(2000)。音樂治療理論基礎及其在臺灣的研究與實踐。未出版碩士論文,國立台北藝術大學音樂學研究所。台北市。
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