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研究生:鄭景銘
研究生(外文):Ching-Ming Cheng
論文名稱:一個適用於RFID環境的WS-Enabled架構之研究
論文名稱(外文):An Efficient WS-Enabled Architecture for RFID Environment
指導教授:張儀興張儀興引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Hsing Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南台科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:56
外文關鍵詞:RFIDWeb ServicesAmusement ParkMiddleware
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RFID技術帶來了提昇商業流程效率的好處。近年來,RFID技術幾乎已經應用於各個領域,包括運輸業、供應鏈管理、藥品管理與物流業。是否導入RFID技術已經成為各企業必需面臨的議題。
基於RFID技術和Web Services技術,本論文提出一個適用於RFID環境的web services-enabled (WS-Enabled)架構,此架構為RFID讀取器與後端應用程式伺服器之間的溝通媒介。WSARE包含由以下元件:Data Acquisitor、Services Manager、Business Process Rule Base、Web Services以及RFID Database。WSARE中的Web Services包括下列服務:Filter、Reader Controller、Data Integrator、PML Parser、Exception Handler、Data Inquiry、Information Service和Object Name Service。此架構主要特色為減少修改和維護成本、跨平台、有彈性以及獨立性。
基於WSARE架構,我們提出一套用於遊樂園的自動化RFID管理系統(AP-WSARE)並加以實作。AP-WSARE提供更有力的方法來管理遊樂園。透過AP-WSARE,遊樂園能自動的收集遊客的資料,使部分工作流程自動化以及提高遊客的安全性。此系統能讓遊樂園提供更高品質的服務,並提昇其競爭力。
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology provides potential benefits to improve the efficiency of business processes. In recent years, RFID technology has been applied to almost every domain including transportation, supply chain management, medicine management or logistics management. Whether or not to adapt RFID technology has already become the issue that every enterprise has to confront.
In this thesis, an efficient web services-enabled (WS-enabled) architecture for RFID environment (WSARE) is proposed based on RFID and Web Services, which is the communicative medium between RFID readers and end-back application server. The WSARE consists of the following components: Data Acquisitor, Services Manager, Business Process Rule Base, Web Services and RFID Database. The Web Services of WSARE includes Filter, Reader Controller, Data Integrator, PML Parser, Exception Handler, Data Inquiry, Information Service and Object Name Service. Reducing modification and maintenance cost, crossing platform, flexibility and independence are the main characteristics of WSARE.
An automatic RFID management system based on WSARE for amusement park AP-WSARE is proposed and implemented. The AP-WSARE provides a more powerful means to manage an amusement park. Through the AP-WSARE, amusement park can collect the data of visitors automatically, automate some workflows, and improve visitors’ security through the system. Such a system will be able to provide higher quality of service and improve the competitive force.
摘 要 iv
Abstract v
致謝 vi
Figure List ix
Table List x
第一章 摘要 1
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 3
1.1 Background 3
1.2 Motivation 3
第二章 摘要 5
Chapter 2 RELATED WORK 7
2.1 Radio Frequency Identification 7
2.1.1 Introduction of RFID 7
2.1.2 The history of RFID technology 9
2.1.3 RFID issues 9
2.1.4 The frequency ranges and applications of RFID 13
第三章 摘要 15
Chapter 3 WEB SERVICES ARCHITECTURE FOR RFID ENVIRONMENT 17
3.1 Architecture 17
3.1.1 Data Acquisitor 18
3.1.2 Services Manager 18
3.1.3 Business Process Rule Base 19
3.1.4 Web Services 20
3.1.5 RFID database 22
3.2 The characteristics of WSARE 23
第四章 摘要 25
Chapter 4 CASE STUDY 27
4.1 Architecture of AP-WSARE 27
4.2 The Applications of AP-WSARE 29
4.2.1 Entrance guard subsystem 29
4.2.2 Recreation facility security subsystem 30
4.2.3 Automation store subsystem 32
4.2.4 Personalization web subsystem 33
4.2.5 Data mining subsystem 34
4.3 The characteristics of AP-WSARE 35
第五章 摘要 37
Chapter 5 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 39
5.1 Middleware 39
5.1.1 Services Manager & Business Process Rule Base 39
5.1.2 Web Services 39
5.2 Applications 40
5.2.1 Entrance guard subsystem 40
5.2.2 Recreation facility security subsystem 41
5.2.3 Automation of the store subsystem 43
5.2.4 Personalization web subsystem 43
5.2.5 Data mining subsystem 45
第六章 摘要 46
Chapter 6 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK 48
6.1 Conclusion 48
6.2 Future work 48
References 50
[1] Aaron Weiss, “Me and my shadow”, netWorker, Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2003.
[2] Anand Ranganathan, Jalal Al-Muhtadi, Shiva Chetan,Roy Campbell, M. Dennis Mickunas, “MiddleWhere: A Middleware for Location Awareness in Ubiquitous Computing Applications”, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2004.
[3] EPCglobal Inc., “Application Level Event (ALE) Specification Version 1.0”, September 2005.
[4] Ari Juels, Ronald L. Rivest, Michael Szydlo, “The blocker tag: selective blocking of RFID tags for consumer privacy”, Proceedings of the 10th ACM conference on Computer and communications security, 2003.
[5] Christian Floerkemeier, Dipan Anakat, Ted Osinski, Mark Harrison, “PML Core Specification 1.0”, September 2003.
[6] Christian Floerkemeier, Matthias Lampe, “RFID middleware design: addressing application requirements and RFID constraints”, ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, Vol. 121, 2005.
[7] Daniel W. Engels, TECHNICAL REPORT MIT-AUTOID-TR-021, “Micronetwork Interfaces for RFID Tags: A New Paradigm for Reader-Tag Communication”, AUTO-ID CENTER, 2003.
[8] ”EPCglobal Tag Data Translation (TDT) 1.0 Ratified Standard Specification”, EPCglobal Inc., January 2006.
[9] Fusheng Wang, Peiya Liu, “Temporal Management of RFID Data”, Proceedings of the 31st VLDB Conference, 2005.
[10] Jeremy Landt, Shrouds of Time, “The history of RFID”, AIM Inc., 2001.
[11] Jie Wu, Dong Wang, Huanye Sheng, “Public RFID Service Platform Based on ASP Model”, Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on e-Business Engineering (ICEBE’05), 2005.
[12] Joshua Walker, “Vendors Race To Fill A New Void: RFID Middleware”, Forrester Research, Business View and IT View Brief, January 26, 2004.
[13] Jukka Riekki, Timo Salminen, Ismo Alakärppä, “Requesting Pervasive Services by Touching RFID Tags”, Pervasice Computing, IEEE, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2006.
[14] Kay Römer, Thomas Schoch, Friedemann Mattern, Thomas Dübendorfer, “Smart Identification Frameworks for Ubiquitous Computing Applications”, Proceedings of the First IEEE International Conference, 2003.
[15] Klaus Finkenzeller, “RFID Handbook”, Second Edition, USA, John Wiley & Sons, 2003
[16] Nadeem Raza, Viv Bradshaw, Matthew Hague, “Applications of RFID technology”, IEE Colloguium, 1999.
[17] “Object Naming Service (ONS) Specification Version 1.0”, EPCglobal Inc., October 2005.
[18] Sanjay E. Sarma, Stephen A.Weis, Daniel W. Engels, WHITE PAPER MIT-AUTOID-WH-014, “RFID Systems, Security & Privacy Implications”, AUTO-ID CENTER, 2002.
[19] Sean Clark, Ken Traub, Dipan Anarkat, Ted Osinski, “Auto-ID Savant Specification 1.0”, Auto-ID Center, September 2003.
[20] Sherry Hsi & Holly Fait, “RFID enhances visitors' museum experience at the Exploratorium”, Communications of the ACM, Volume 48 , Issue 9, September 2005.
[21] Sudarshan S. Chawathe, Venkat Krishnamurthy, Sridhar Ramachandrann, Sanjay Sarma. “Managing RFID data”, Proceedings of 30th VLDB Conference, Toronto, Canada, 2004.
[22] “The EPCglobal NetworkTM: Overview od Design, Benefits, & Security”, EPCglobal IncTM, September 24, 2004.
[23] Young-Il Kim, Joo-Sang Park, Tae-Su Cheong, “Study of RFID Middleware Framework for Ubiquitous Compting Environment”, ICACT 2005.
[24] AIM, “Radio Frequency Identification - RFID, A basic primer”,
http://www.aimglobal.org/technologies/rfid/resources/papers/rfid_basics_primer.asp
[25] EPC Global, http://www.epcglobalinc.org/
[26] ID TechEX, http://rfid.edtechex.com/rfid/en/
[27] RFID Journal, http://rfidjournal.com/
[28] RFIDa, http://www.rfida.com/
[29] Sandip Lahiri, “RFID: A Technology Overview”,
http://www.informit.com/articles/article.asp?p=413662&Num=2&rl=1
[30] Texas Instruments RFID, http://www.ti.com/rfid/docs/customer/faq.shtml
[31] “Understanding the key issues in radio frequency identification (RFID)”, http://www.symbol.com/products/whitepapers/rfid_key_issues.html
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