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研究生:藍毓莉
研究生(外文):Yu-li Lan
論文名稱:長期住院慢性精神病患生活型態與其體重及血壓值之相關性研究
論文名稱(外文):The Life Style Associated with Body Weight and Blood Pressure of Chronically Mentally Ill Inpatients
指導教授:徐祥明徐祥明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiang-ming Hsu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:慈濟大學
系所名稱:醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:145
中文關鍵詞:生活型態身體質量指數血壓慢性精神病患
外文關鍵詞:Life style.Body mass indexChronic mentally ill inpatientsBlood pressure
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目的:本研究旨於調查台灣地區長期住院慢性精神病患之高血壓盛行率及BMI≧24kg/m2體重過重盛行率,並進一步分析長期住院慢性精神病患的生活型態 (包含飲食、吸菸、運動)、BMI值及其血壓值三者間之相關性。方法:採橫斷性研究法,以東台灣某精神專科醫院住院慢性精神病患為研究對象,有效樣本數計1,086人。資料經由病歷檔案分析、問卷訪查、血壓、身高及體重測量等方法蒐集個案的社會人口學變項、疾病史與服用藥物、飲食、吸菸、運動、BMI值及血壓值。結果: 壹、研究對象高血壓盛行率為35.1%;血壓偏高盛行率為20%。 貮、研究對象 BMI≧24kg/m2之盛行率為66%。 參、以t-test及ANOVA分析研究對象血壓值在不同性別、年齡別、族群別、病房類別、社會功能、發病年數、是否服用降血壓藥物、正餐飲食別、非正餐飲料種類、吸菸經驗、吸菸年數、吸菸量等變項達顯著差異,但在不同的運動行為變項的表現上,則皆未達顯著差異。 肆、以pearson相關分析研究對象的收縮壓值與非正餐飲食量及非正餐飲料量呈負相關,與吸菸年數及BMI值呈正相關;而舒張壓值與非正餐飲食量呈負相關,與BMI值呈正相關。 伍、卡方分析研究對象之BMI是否≧24kg/m2在族群別、正餐飲食別、運動時間及運動強度等變項達顯著相關。 陸、邏輯迴歸分析發現正餐飲食別、正餐飲食量、運動頻率、運動時間及運動強度為BMI≧24kg/m2體重過重之顯著預測因子。 柒、多元迴歸分析控制住院慢性精神病患社會人口學變項、疾病史及用藥情形下,吸菸量、BMI值等變項為收縮壓之顯著預測因子;BMI值亦為舒張壓之顯著預測因子。結論:本研究結果顯示長期住院慢性精神病患的高血壓盛行率、血壓偏高盛行率及BMI≧24kg/m2體重過重盛行率皆較台灣一般民眾為高。研究對象的生活型態及其BMI值與血壓值顯著相關,此研究發現得以建議未來研究可進一步驗證影響住院慢性精神病患BMI值及血壓值之健康生活型態。
Objective: This study investigated the prevalence of hypertension and overweight, defined as BMI≧24kg/m2, and their associated life styles in chronic mentally ill inpatients. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1,086 inpatients in a psychiatric hospital in eastern Taiwan. Data were collected from medical records, questionnaire, and measurement of participants’ blood pressure, height and weight. Social demographic data, disease history, use of atypical anti-psychotics, diet, smoking, regular exercise, BMI and BP were analyzed. Results: 1. The hypertension and high normal blood pressure prevalence rates were 35.1% and 20% respectively. 2. The prevalence rate of overweight was 66%. 3. The variables of sex, age, race, ward category, social function, disease history, use of medication to reduce blood pressure, diet category, beverage category, smoking behavior, length of smoking history, and smoking frequency were significantly different among patients with hypertension, high normal blood pressure, and optimal blood pressure. 4. The intake of food quantity and the beverage category beyond regular food and drinks supplied by the hospital were negatively associated with Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP). The length of smoking history and BMI were positively associated with SBP. The intake of food quantity beyond the regular food supplied by the hospital was negatively associated with Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP). The variable of BMI was positive associated with DBP. 5. The variables of races, diet category, exercise duration, and exercise intensity were significantly associated with Patients’ BMI. 6. The significant predictors of the BMI≧24kg/m2 by logistic regression were diet category, diet quantity, exercise frequency, exercise duration, and exercise intensity. 7. The smoking quantity and BMI were significant predictors of SBP when the variables of social demographic variables, disease history, and the use of medication were under control. In the same statistic analysis model, this study showed that BMI was a significant predictor of DBP. Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of hypertension, high normal blood pressure and overweight in chronic mentally ill inpatients were much higher than in the general population in Taiwan. The life styles of study participants were significantly associated with their BMI and blood pressure. The findings of this study suggest the necessity of further researches to identify the impacts of healthy life style on the BMI and blood pressure in chronic mentally ill inpatients.
誌謝﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ Ⅰ
中文摘要﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ Ⅱ
英文摘要﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ Ⅲ
目錄﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ Ⅴ
表目錄﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ Ⅷ

第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與重要性﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 1
第二節 研究目的﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 4
第三節 研究假設﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 5
第四節 名詞釋義﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 6
第五節 研究範圍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 8

第二章 文獻探討
第一節 精神病患者心血管疾病死亡率探討﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 9
第二節 心血管危險因子探討﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 13
第三節 精神病患生活型態、服用藥物、與體重及血壓相
關性探討﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 15
第四節 高血壓之定義與預防﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 23
第五節 高血壓盛行率之探討﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 26


第三章 研究材料及方法
第一節 研究設計﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 30
第二節 研究對象﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 31
第三節 研究架構及研究流程﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 33
第四節 研究變項之操作型定義﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 35
第五節 研究工具﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 41
第六節 資料收集與品質控制﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 44
第七節 資料處理與分析方法﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 49

第四章 研究結果
第一節 問卷回收情形﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 52
第二節 研究對象背景資料分佈情形﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 54
第三節 研究對象生活型態、BMI值及血壓值之分佈情形.. 55
第四節 研究對象血壓偏高及高血壓盛行率﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 57
第五節 研究對象血壓值分別在不同背景資料間之差異性
分析﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 58
第六節 研究對象血壓值分別在不同生活型態間之差異性
分析﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 60
第七節 研究對象背景資料及其血壓值之相關分析﹍﹍﹍ 62
第八節 研究對象生活型態及BMI值與其血壓值之相關分
析﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 63
第九節 研究對象社會人口學、疾病史、服藥情形、飲食、
運動行為與BMI值之關聯 ﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 64

第十節 控制研究對象社會人口學及服藥情形下,飲食、
運動行為對BMI值之邏輯迴歸分析﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 67
第十一節 控制研究對象人口學、疾病史、服藥情形下,飲食
、吸菸行為、運動行為與血壓值之多元迴歸分析﹍ 68

第五章 討論
第一節 樣本代表性及資料可信度﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 71
第二節 高血壓及血壓偏高盛行率之討論﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 72
第三節 研究對象背景資料、生活型態及BMI值各變項分
佈情形之討論﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 73
第四節 研究假設之驗證﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 75

第六章 結論、限制與建議
第一節 結論﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 83
第二節 研究限制與建議﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 86
第三節 臨床意涵﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍﹍ 87

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