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研究生:張照君
研究生(外文):chao-chun Chang
論文名稱:牙周病主要致病菌Porphyromonasgingivalis促使人類牙齦纖維母細胞細胞增生及其相關蛋白降解現象探討
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the Phenomena of Proliferation and Related Protein degradation by Porphyromonas gingivalis in Human Gingival Fibroblast
指導教授:何元順周幸華
指導教授(外文):Yuan-soon HoHsin-hua Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北醫學大學
系所名稱:醫學技術學系
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學技術及檢驗學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞: 牙齦纖維母 牙周病 相關性 機轉 牙周
外文關鍵詞:Porphyromonas gingivalis
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Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis)是一株主要造成牙周病的主要致病菌之一,而牙周病是因為細菌感染所引起的慢性發炎。文獻報導指出P. gingivalis在宿主上皮細胞中會促使 anti-apoptosis 的基因表現及蛋白產生。這種現象與另一隻牙周致病菌Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans是很不一樣的表現。本研究藉由觀察 P. gingivalis對人類牙齦纖維母細胞造成的影響,來探討長期的慢性發炎下,其巨觀的細胞生長情形與微觀的分子調控之改變。結果顯示,在受到長期 MOI = 100 的P. gingivalis感染之下,細胞會被促使增生,且在剛感染的初期,就可以發現被感染的細胞比正常情況的細胞更早進入細胞週期;而在基因調控方面,亦可以很明顯的發現 NF-B 被活化,進一步促使 AKT/PKB、cyclin D1、CDK2 等基因活化、蛋白合成。另一方面,在初期感染時,由於 P. gingivalis 具有能黏附細胞表面的能力,造成 cyclin D1、cyclin D3、cyclin A、cyclin E、p53、p27、CDK 1、CDK 2 及 AKT 等蛋白的降解,而這個現象在細菌侵入後,會被調控回來。然而,如果抑制 P. gingivalis 侵入細胞,cyclin D1、cyclin D3、cyclin A、cyclin E、p53、p27、CDK 1 及 AKT 調控回來的時間會被延後。在更長期的重複感染之下,原本回復的 p53、 p27 等蛋白會再次消失。因此,藉由探討牙周病致病菌對人類牙齦纖維母細胞的細胞生長週期之影響,期望將來能由致病機轉找出長期慢性發炎與癌化之間的相關性。
Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) is an major oral pathogen of periodontal disease, which can causes a chronic inflammatory disease. Recent studies indicate that P. gingivalis can promotes anti-apoptosis gene and protein expression in the host cell. The phenomenon induced by P. gingivalis is very different from the other pathogens Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. In this study, we infected Human gingival fibroblast (HGF) with P. gingivalis to observe the macrocosm of proliferation and the microcosm of molecular change. Our results demonstrate that P. gingivalis enhanced the proliferation of HGF,and infected cell will entered into cell cycle faster in the early phases. The triggering of the signal pathways in P. gingivalis-infected HGF was demonstrated with rapid phosphorylation of IB, followed by nuclear translocation of p65. In addition, NF-B induced enhanced expression of AKT, cyclin D1 and CDK 2 . In the other side, in the early stage of infection, since P. gingivalis could adhere to cell surface, cyclin D1, cyclin D3, cyclin A, cyclin E, p53, p27, CDK 1, CDK and AKT would be degraded, and the phenomenon was regulated by P. gingivalis invasion. But, P. gingivalis invasion which inhibited by cytochalasin D or heat-killed, the regulation of those protein will be delayed. The influence of P. gingivalis in the long term, we found p53, p27 which were degraded in the early phases would be degraded again at fourth day. To expect, the relationships and mechanisms through which infection and inflammation increase cancer risk and promoter tumor development could be found by the influence of P. gingivalis in HGF in the long stage.
中文摘要 I
Abstract III
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
緒論 (Introduction) 1
壹、 牙周病的背景介紹 2
貳、 牙周病致病菌 3
參、 細胞週期(Cell Cycle) 6
肆、 抑癌基因(tumor suppressor gene):p53 KIP2 10
伍、 蛋白質降解體 (Proteasome) 12
陸、 Nucleus Factor-kappaB(NF-B) 13
柒、 Mitogen activated protein kinases(MAPK) signalling pathway 14
捌、 PI3K/Akt signalling pathway 15
實驗目的 18
實驗材料與方法 (Materials and Methods) 19
壹、 藥品試劑 19
貳、常用溶液 22
叁、實驗方法 25
一、 初代人類牙齦纖維母細胞之細胞培養(primary human gingival fibroblast) 25
二、 細胞培養(cell culture) 26
三、 細菌培養 27
四、 細菌感染細胞流程 27
五、 細胞DNA合成之測定 (DNA synthesis ) 28
六、 流式細胞儀分析 (Flow cytometry) 29
七、 西方墨點法 (Western blotting assay) 29
八、 核質分離(Nucleus Extraction) 31
九、 染色質免疫沈澱法 (Chromatin Immunoprecipitation; CHIP Assay ) 31
九、 聚合連鎖反應(Polymerase Chain Reaction) 33
十、 分析方法 34
實驗結果 (Results) 35
一、 P. gingivalis 感染人類牙齦纖維母細胞誘發DNA synthesis 表現的情形 35
二、 P. gingivalis 調控HGF 之cell cycle 之情形 35
三、 P. gingivalis 促使 NF-B 活化及細胞週期相關蛋白降解 36
四、 被降解的蛋白非經由 26S proteasome pathway 37
五、 P. gingivalis活性對降解蛋白的影響 38
六、 Cytochalasin D 抑制 P. gingivalis侵入的影響 38
七、 NF-B 活化 AKT、cyclin D1、CDK2 基因表現 40
八、 被降解的蛋白再合成 40
九、 使用 NF-B 抑制劑對 HGF 細胞週期的影響 41
十、 長期感染對細胞週期相關蛋白的影響 41
十一、 P. gingivalis 促使 p38 與 ERK 去磷酸化及 JNK 磷酸化 42
實驗討論(Discussion) 43
文獻參考(References) 72
附錄(Appendices) 80
附錄一 80
附錄二 81
附錄三 82
附錄四 83
附錄五 83
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