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研究生:王岳川
研究生(外文):Yueh-Chuan Wang
論文名稱:推展聯盟醫院資訊系統整合之探討-以國軍醫院為例
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Integrated Information System for Alliance Hospital–An Example of Military Hospitals
指導教授:劉立劉立引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北醫學大學
系所名稱:醫學資訊研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學技術及檢驗學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:135
中文關鍵詞:國軍醫院醫療資訊系統策略聯盟聯盟資訊系統得爾菲調查導入跨組織資訊系統委外
外文關鍵詞:Military hospitalhealthcare information systemStrategic alliancealliance information systemsDelphi surveyImplementaioninterorganizational information system(IOS)Outsourcing
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公立醫院體系擁有聯盟之特性,其藉由行政體制的指揮權及公務預算的補助,統籌掌理特定醫療任務與社會服務工作,理因擁有競爭優勢,但公立醫療體系受限於行政程序,組織僵化、缺乏彈性,加上近年公務預算逐年減少,相較於私人醫院體系的靈活,公立醫療體系樹立之績效與形象已不若既往。
國防部於民國91年底,奉監察院要求參照行政院衛生署中部辦公室成功發展署立醫院策略聯盟資訊系統(簡稱SAIS)的方式,推展國軍醫院資訊系統整合 (簡稱MISI) ,國防部軍醫局自92年推展迄今,已完成共同資訊系統導入七家國軍醫院。本研究藉已上線之醫院為個案,瞭解MISI在推展中可掌握的關鍵成功因素有那些?並比較MISI 與SAIS二者間的差異,以作為國軍導入後續醫院、推展二代資訊系統時策略調整的依據。
本研究為了比較MISI與SAIS間關鍵成功因素的差異,參照行政院衛生署中部辦公室發展署立醫院策略聯盟資訊系統關鍵成功因素之研究,以立意抽樣選取4位院長,7位CIO組成得爾菲小組調查蒐集資料,以描述性統計彙總研究結果提出研究成果與16項結論與建議。
本研究針對MISI歸納出五類16項關鍵成功因素,其中成本優勢構面與SAIS同為最顯著影響因素,環境構面與資源構面之重要性則與SAIS不同。成本優勢包括經濟規模、交互關係、成本分攤三個因素,皆能帶給聯盟成員實質利益,而藉由聯盟資訊系統推展,能為聯盟醫院明顯降低成本、提昇競爭力,這與傳統觀念資訊系統在企業所扮演角色有很大差異。16項因素中,平均比重大於4之關鍵成功因素有8項:依序為同業競爭、交互關係、政府政策明確、掌控預算、強迫加入、成本分攤、經濟規模、公務預算逐年遞減等,與SAIS之關鍵成功因素重要序位上略有差異;顯示,雖然同屬公務之二個醫療體系,會因組織性質、資源不同而有所差異。因此在推展聯盟資訊系統整合時,應視組織特性略作調整。另本研究顯示國軍醫院聯盟以強迫加入方式,為重要之關鍵成功因素,而高階主管支持在本研究之重要性相對偏低,與一般概念有落差。
Public hospitals possess usually alliance hospital’s characteristic that is to leverage public financial subvention and administrative command to serve specific medical mission and social work. As might be expected when facing the competition for public hospital, in particular, there were more advantages with respect to those resources provided by government. Nevertheless, opportunities for more proactive management of public operation were missed due to bureaucratic structure and the decreasing budget from government. As a result, compared to the flexibility of private hospitals, the image and efficiency of public system have been faded gradually.
At the end of year 2002, the Control Yuan has requested the Ministry of National Defense to establish Military Hospital Information System Integration (MISI) in terms of the Strategic Alliance Information System (SAIS) developed by the Department of Health (DOH). Up to year 2003, the Medical Affairs Bureau has achieved to implement the MISI into seven different military hospitals. In this research, we compare the difference between MISI and SAIS from these seven hospitals and find out the critical success factors when developing the MISI, which will also act as a basis for the bureau to adjust strategy while promoting the 2nd generation MISI and ongoing implementation.
To identify the difference of critical success factors between MISI and SAIS, we have followed the study of strategic alliance hospitals as developed in DOH and determined the sampling of 4 superintendents, 7 CIO to be the members of Delphi panel who are well positioned to investigate、collect information and formulate 16 propositions based on statistic description and result. Upon the completion of data analysis, conclusions and suggestions were drawn from the findings of this study.
This research has concluded 5 classes and 16 propositions as the critical success factors while developing MISI. Specifically, the cost advantage is the most influential factor for both MISI and SAIS; the environment and resource factors have different degree of importance between MISI and SAIS. The cost advantage comprises economic scale、interaction relationship、cost sharing that bring significant benefits to alliance members. Involvement in MISI development is found to be particularly useful and rewarding compared to traditional information system, members will be enhanced to fully integrate routine requirements and have potential to consolidate competitiveness and drive down cost. Among these 16 factors, there are 8 critical success factors averaged higher than 4 and the priority is also different from SAIS, which are : competition in the same domain、interaction relationship、precise government policy、budget control、compulsory participation、cost sharing、economic scale and decreasing governmental budget support. On the other side, this research also point out the result will be varied according to different resource allocation and structure even two hospitals are under the same public medical system. It is essential to review and adjust with organizational characteristics while integrating alliance information system to ensure all needs and elements are fully considered. Further, one of the keys to successful implementation is compulsory participation of MISI, the role of top management support is relatively marginal from the viewpoint of general business cognition.
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 6
1.3 研究問題與目的 7
1.4 研究流程 7
第二章 文獻探討 9
2.1科技接受與資訊系統導入 9
2.2資訊系統規劃與評估 12
2.3跨組織合作關係與跨組織資訊系統 22
2.4醫療資訊系統 31
2.5共同醫療資訊系統 34
2.6公務機關資訊作業法規 37
2.7國軍醫院聯盟 50
2.8國軍醫院聯盟資訊系統 56
第三章 研究方法 66
3.1資料蒐集方法 66
3.2研究雛型架構 68
3.3得爾菲小組 78
3.4研究類型與品質 79
第四章 資料分析 84
4.1得爾菲調查 84
4.2資料分析 87
第五章 結論與建議 101
附錄 113
中文文獻: 124
英文文獻: 127
電子資料: 135
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