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研究生:王翰霖
研究生(外文):Hang-Lin Wang
論文名稱:ZigBee與UPnP橋接器之設計與實做
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation Of ZigBee to UPnP Bridge
指導教授:鄭福炯鄭福炯引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fu-Chiung Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大同大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系(所)
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:橋接器
外文關鍵詞:ZigBee
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隨著人類科技日新月異,無線的網路設備也跟著蓬勃發展,但卻少有低電源消耗、低功率、低速等訴求的網路系統。在許多的環境下,人們不需要太高的傳輸速率,反而需要更持久、更省電的無線裝置,於是在這樣的訴求下,ZigBee便誕生了。ZigBee被設計於「感測器網路」上或以網路的形式來控制其他的設備,大多數ZigBee設備都對功率非常敏感(如:溫度調節器、安全感測器等),其電池壽命可以年來計算,由於ZigBee網路複雜性低,且設定簡單快速,因此許多的設計都將其應用於智慧家電系統。
UPnP(Universal Plug and Play)是微軟推出的一個標準,目的是希望能將所有連上網路之設備,在不需任何設定的情形下,即可直接使用、互相溝通或互相控制。因此這項技術也適用於家庭網路系統,甚至許多智慧家電的應用也採用這個方式來進行溝通。
然而,關於智慧家電的議題,已經被廣泛的討論了許久,但卻因為許多的原因,到現在還無法普及到每個人的生活當中,雖然有為數不少的解決方案已經被提出,卻因為成本過高,或其他技術上的瓶頸,智慧家電推行的速度仍然非常的遲緩。若是能結合ZigBee與UPnP這兩項網路技術的優勢,想必可以更快的推動智慧家電產業的發展。
本論文目的是設計並實作出可與ZigBee與UPnP溝通的Bridge,在保有ZigBee簡易設定的網路特性下,討論如何規範出更人性化的網路應用,希望能利用UPnP與ZigBee的特性,使得這些科技更貼近於人們的需要。
With the high development of the technology, many wireless network equipments are also with vigorous development, but there are less network system of low power consumption、low data rate. Under many environments, people do not need higher transmission speed, instead of wireless installment with more lasting and saving the electricity. Therefore, ZigBee was born under such demand. ZigBee is designed in the network of sensory devices and controling other divices..
The majority ZigBee equipments are extremely sensitive to the power (attemperator, security sensor element and so on). And the life of its battery may last over one year. Because the complexity of the ZigBee network is lower, and the device of it is simple and fast, therefore many designs are all applied to the intelligent electrical appliances system.
UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) is a standard which Microsoft promotes. The goal is that all devices can communicate to each other by themselves without any configuration through network. Therefore this technology is also suitable for the intelligent electrical appliances system. Even many intelligent appliances applications also selected by with this method of communication.
However, the subject of intelligent appliances has already been discussed for a long time, but it is unable to be popular to everyone’s life. Although many solutions were already proposed, the excessively high cost, and other technical bottleneck are resulted in the slow speed for promoting intelligent appliances. If we can unify two network technology superiority of ZigBee and UPnP, ZigBee can surely promote entire intelligent appliances industry development fast.
The purpose of this paper is to design and to implement ZigBee/UPnP bridge, with simple configuration in the network characteristic, and to discusses how can we define the standard of user friendly network application. We want to use the characteristics of UPnP and ZigBee,to make these technologies more suitable for humanity.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT 2
Contents 4
List of Figures 6
List of Tables 7
中文摘要 8
ABSTRACT 9
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 11
1.1 Motivation 11
CHAPTER 2 ZIGBEE TECHNOLOGY 13
2.1 Why is ZigBee needed 13
2.1.1 Comparison of wireless technologies 13
2.2 IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee basics 14
2.3 ZigBee Network Considerations 16
2.4 Stack architecture 18
2.4.1 ZigBee device objects (ZDO) 20
2.4.2 Application layer 20
2.4.3 Application Support Layer 21
2.4.4 Network Layer 21
2.4.5 Network Routing 21
2.5 Binding, KVPs and messages 22
2.6 Binding and control 24
2.7 ZigBee device profile 25
CHAPTER 3 UPNP TECHNOLOGY 28
3.1 What is UPnP 28
3.3 Addressing 29
3.4 Discovery 30
3.5 Description 31
3.6 Control 35
3.7 Eventing 36
3.8 Presentation 38
3.9 XML 39
3.9.1. device description 40
3.9.2. device service 41
CHAPTER 4 HOW IT WORKS 43
4.1 Construction and function 43
Coordinator : 44
Bridge : 44
4.2 Operation Processes 44
4.2.1 ZigBee Announce: 45
4.2.2 Extension Control 46
CHAPTER 5 IMPLEMENTION OF ZIGBEE TO UPNP BRIDGE 48
5.1 Design Of Coordinator 48
5.1.1 Bridge Proxy 49
5.1.2 ZigBee Announce 49
5.1.3 ZigBee Control MSG 50
5.1.4 Bridge Control MSG 50
5.1.5 Bridge Interface 50
5.2 Design Of Bridge 51
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION 53
BIBLIOGRAPHY 54
[1] ZigBee Alliance,ZigBee Specification.Version 1.0 ZigBee Document 053474r06, December 14th, 2004.
[2]P. Kinney, ZigBee Technology: Wireless Control that Simply Works, White Paper dated 2 October 2003.
[3]802.15.4, Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Control(MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LRWPANs).
[4]Sheng-Fu Su, The Design and Implementation of the ZigBee Protocol Driver in Linux, White Paper dated 26 july 2005
[5]Jacob Munk-Stander,Implementing a ZigBee Protocol Stack
and Light Sensor in TinyOS,White Paper dated October 2005
[6]Contributing Members of the UPnP™ Forum,UPnP™ Device Architecture ,08 Jun 2000
[7]Siemens,Siemens UPnP™ Technology Stack Programming Guide,2000
[8] Freescale Semiconductor,ZigBee Implementer’s Guide ;Document Number: F8W-2004-0007,May 23, 2005
[9]Figure 8 Wireless,Z-Stack OS Abstraction Application Programming Interface Document Number: F8W-2003-0002,April 8, 2005
[10]Figure 8 Wireless,Z-Stack Application Framework (AF) Application Programming Interface,May 9, 2005
[11]Figure 8 Wireless,Z-Stack Application Support Sub-Layer (APS) Application Programming Interface Document Number: F8W-2003-0025 ,June 21 2005
[12]Figure 8 Wireless,Z-Stack Device Object (ZDO) Application Programming Interface Document Number: F8W-2003-0025,April 8, 2005
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