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研究生:池尻敬文
研究生(外文):Yoshifumi Ikejiri
論文名稱:感覺運動理論之後設理論分析
論文名稱(外文):The Enactive Theory of Perceptual Consciousness — Challenges and Defenses
指導教授:洪裕宏洪裕宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Allen Y. Houng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立陽明大學
系所名稱:神經科學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:知覺意識感覺運動視覺意識
外文關鍵詞:perceptual consciousnessthe enactive theorysensorimotorvisual consciousness
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摘 要

最近幾年,Alva Noë與Susan Hurley等學者提出感覺運動理論 (The Enactive Theory),試圖探討知覺意識的本質以及知覺意識的內容決定。該理論有別於傳統看待知覺的理論,強調運動 (action) 在知覺意識的產生過程中扮演關鍵的角色。另一方面,該理論認為傳統看法有誤,刺激輸入並不足以決定知覺意識的內容;刺激輸入與動作輸出之間的高階動態關連 (higher-order dynamic relation) 才是決定知覺意識內容的關鍵因子。更進一步,該理論啟發了一個極端的載體外在論觀點,值得深入討論。

在這篇後設論文中,我將進行後設的評析,討論該理論是否成功地解決關於知覺意識的許多相關問題。結論是,該理論雖然有些不完備之處,但仍可成功地面對各方挑戰;只是,在同時某些問題需要進一步探究。

第一章是此論文的導論,包含了三部分:知覺意識的兩大主要特徵 - 現象意識與意向性;探討感覺運動理論的動機理由,以及這本論文的主旨和綱要。第二章是感覺運動理論的簡介,包含了核心概念、經驗科學證據,以及Hurley的載體外在論雙生星球思想論證。第三章是本論文的焦點,由四個部分組成:Block對感覺運動理論的攻擊;關於顏色的議題對感覺運動理論的挑戰;感覺運動理論核心概念的討論,以及我自己的看法。
Abstract

In search of the nature of consciousness has been a central issue in the area of philosophy of mind and psychology since a long time ago. In particular, perceptual consciousness becomes the most advancing field because of its tractability for scientific study and its unique features that are philosophically significant.

There are many theories about perception. However, in this essay I will mainly put focus on the enactive theory recently proposed by Hurley, Noë, and O’Regan. Motivations and reasons to concentrate on the enactive theory are its radicalness, novelty and experimental implications. Firstly, the enactive theorists try to argue for vehicle externalism by explaining how the sensorimotor relations between sensory input and motor output play the constitutive role in perceptual consciousness. Secondly, the enactive theory raises new issues against the common view that treats action and perception separately. In the empirical aspect, the enactive theory suggests that we have to consider the bodily activity and its relation to the brain in order to understand perception.

There are three major elements in the enactive theory. The first is a general two-level view to perceptual consciousness. The second element is the sensorimotor knowledge and sensorimotor contingency. Thirdly, the whole causal process that perception depends is dynamic. This means that the whole causal process should be individuated within a certain time span rather than an atomic temporal slice.

In this meta-theoretical essay, on the one hand, I will try to defend the enactive theory against several challenges; on the other hand, some objections will be also posed. The main thesis of this essay is that the enactive theory could survive some objections; although it is still not a complete theory and has some difficulties must be dealt with.
Table of Contents

Acknowledgements……………………………………………………iii
Abstract (Chinese)……………………………………………………iv
Abstract…………………………………………………………………v
Table of Contents……………………………………………………vii


Chapter One: Introduction – Consciousness, Perceptual Consciousness and the Enactive Theory……………………………1
1.1 Mind and Perceptual Consciousness……………………………1
1.2 Why the Enactive Theory?………………………………………9
1.3 The Main Thesis and the Essay Structure…………………12

Chapter two: The Enactive Theory of Perceptual Consciousness…………………………………………………………13
2.1 The Core Ideas……………………………………………………13
2.2 Empirical Supports………………………………………………19
2.3 Hurley’s argument for Vehicle Externalism………………21

Chapter Three: The Enactive Theory – Challenges and Defenses…………………………………………………………………30
3.1 Block’s objections to the enactive theory………………30
3.2 Issues on Color…………………………………………………41
3.3 Discussions of the Core Ideas………………………………50
3.4 My Own Opinion……………………………………………………53

Concluding Remarks……………………………………………………58

References………………………………………………………………60

Appendix
Figure……………………………………………………………………64
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