跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(100.26.196.222) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/02/23 09:25
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林聖峯
研究生(外文):Sheng-Feng Lin
論文名稱:CMOS高線性可調式電壓控制振盪器積體電路設計
論文名稱(外文):A Highly Linear Range-Programmable CMOS Voltage Controlled Oscillator
指導教授:陳育鑽
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電子與資訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:振盪器
外文關鍵詞:Oscillator
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:163
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
振盪器是時脈產生器中的關鍵元件,電壓控制振盪器的重要效能參數之一是其線性度。另外,尤其在低操作電壓又要達到寬頻且高速操作必將增加振盪器的增益(KVCO),使得雜訊免疫力變差。一個高線性CMOS電壓對電流轉換器被用來實現一個電壓控制振盪器。本文提出一個高線性CMOS電壓對電流轉換器,其中使用PMOS電晶體來取代傳統電壓對電流轉換器中的電阻以及使用電壓準位轉移技術來避免基板效應。為了準確地消除非線性電壓項,在我們的設計中更準確地探討電晶體基板偏壓效應;因此,使得大訊號轉導的非線性被明顯的降低。在1伏特的峰對峰值輸入電壓下,輸出電流的總諧波失真(THD)低於1.2%。轉導在輸入範圍中的變化少於0.5%。
Oscillators are key components of clock generator. One important performance parameter for voltage-controlled-oscillators is the linearity. In addition, wide output-frequency range and high operating speed increases the gain of the oscillator, especially in low-voltage operation. A highly linear CMOS transconductor or voltage-to-current converter is employed to implement a voltage-controlled-oscillator. A linear CMOS voltage-to-current converter is presented. PMOS transistors are employed in the resistor-replacement and voltage-level shifting of the proposed converter to avoid the body effect. To accurately annihilate the non-linear voltage terms, the substrate-bias effect of MOS transistors is treated more accurately in our design. Consequently, the non-linearity of the large-signal transconductance is reduced. For an input of 1Vp-p, the measured output total harmonic distortion is less than 1.2%. The transconductance varies by less than 0.5% in the input range.
中文摘要……………………………………………… i
英文摘要……………………………………………… ii
誌謝…………………………………………………… iii
目錄…………………………………………………… iv
圖目錄………………………………………………… vi
表目錄………………………………………………… ix

第一章 緒論................................ 1
1-1研究背景.................................. 1
1-2研究目標.................................. 2
1-3論文架構.................................. 3
第二章 運算放大器.......................... 4
2.1運算放大器基本架構........................ 4
2.1.1伸縮組態運算放大器..................... 4
2.1.2摺疊疊接運算放大器..................... 6
2.1.3雙級運算放大器.......................... 7
2.1.4增益增強電路........................... 10
2.1.5比較.................................... 11
2.2運算放大器的特性規格...................... 12
2.2.1直流增益................................ 12
2.2.2輸入共模範圍............................ 12
2.2.3共模拒斥比.............................. 13
2.2.4輸出電壓擺幅............................ 13
2.2.5輸入偏移電壓............................ 14
2.2.6單位增益頻寬............................ 14
2.2.7相位邊界............................... 15
2.2.8電源拒斥比.............................. 16
2.2.9迴轉率與穩定時間........................ 16
2.3摺疊曡接運算放大器之模擬…………………… 17
2.3.1開迴路模擬.............................. 17
2.3.2閉迴路模擬.............................. 18
第三章 高線性CMOS電壓對電流轉換器.......... 21
3.1電晶體電流模型............................ 21
3.2提出的高線性CMOS電壓對電流轉換器.......... 23
3.3高線性CMOS電壓對電流轉換器之模擬與量測.... 26
3.3.1採用TSMC 0.35μm CMOS技術之模擬與量測結果 26
3.3.2採用TSMC 0.18μm CMOS技術之模擬結果...... 30
第四章 CMOS高線性可調式電壓控制振盪器...... 34
4.1振盪回授系統.............................. 34
4.2電壓控制振盪器的定義...................... 35
4.3電壓控制振盪器設計考量.................... 36
4.4CMOS高線性可調式電壓控制振盪器之模擬...... 39
第五章 結論................................ 47
參考文獻 ………………………………………...… 48
[1] B. Razavi, Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, McGraw-Hill: Boston, 2001.
[2] D. A. Johns and K. W. Martin, Analog Integrated Circuit Design, John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1997.
[3] Phillip E. Allen and Douglas R. Holberg, CMOS Analog Circuit Design, OXFORD. New York, 2002.
[4] B.J. Hosticka, “Improvement of the Gain of CMOS Amplifiers, “IEEE J. of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 14, pp. 1111-1114, Dec. 1979.
[5] P. P. Vervoort and R. F. Wassenarr, “A CMOS rail-to-rail linear V-I converter,” in Proc. 1995 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 825-828, April 1995.
[6] R. Raut, “A novel VTC for analog IC applications,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems-II, vol. 39, no. 12, pp.882-883, Dec. 1992.
[7] B. Fotouhi, “All-MOS voltage-to-current converter,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, no. 1, pp.147-151, January 2001.
[8] M. Mansuri and C.-K. K. Yang, “A low-power adaptive bandwidth PLL and clock buffer with supply-noise compensation,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 38, no. 11, pp.1804-1812, Nov. 2003.
[9] S. A. Mahmoud and A. M. Soliman, “New CMOS fully differential difference transconductors and application to fully differential filters suitable for VLSI,” Microelectronics Journal, vol. 30, pp. 169-192, 1999.
[10] B. J. Sheu, D. L. Scharfetter, P. Ko, and M. Jeng, “BSIM: Berkerly short-channel IGFET model for MOS transistors,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 558-566, August 1987.
[11] P. Antognetti and G. Massobrio, Semiconductor Device Modeling with SPICE, New York: McGraw Hill, 1993.
[12] Roger Yubtzuan Chen, Sheng-Feng Lin, ”A Highly linear CMOS Transconductor,” accepted and to appear in IEICE, 2006.
[13] Herzel, F.; Razavi, B. “A Study of Oscillator Jitter Due to Supply and Substrate Noise” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems-II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol.46, No: 1 ,pp.56-62, Jan. 1999.
[14] K. Y. K Chang et al., “A 0.4–4 Gb/s CMOS quad transceiver cell using On-chip regulated dual-loop PLLs”, IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol.38, No.5, pp. 747–754, May 2003.
[15] Mozhgan Mansuri and Chih-Kong Ken Yang, “A Low-Power Adaptive Bandwidth PLL and Clock Buffer With Supply-Noise Compensation”, IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol.38, No.11, pp. 1804–1812, November 2003.
[16] C. H. Park and B. Kim, “A low-noise, 900-MHz VCO in 0.6_μm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 34, No.5, pp. 586–591, May 1999.
[17] 吳明憲,2005,高線性CMOS電壓對電流轉換器積體電路設計與製作,國立雲林科技大學,碩士論文。
[18] 洪嘉隆,2005,低功率低抖動鎖相迴路設計,國立雲林科技大學,碩士論文。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top