跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.169.230) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/02/28 06:32
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:劉安琪
研究生(外文):An-Qi Liu
論文名稱:廟宇戲台空間之研究─以桃園縣為例─
論文名稱(外文):A Study on of Theater Stage of Taiwanese Temple- An Example In Tao-Yuan
指導教授:聶志高聶志高引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:空間設計系碩士班
學門:設計學門
學類:空間設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:廟宇戲台平面構成立面構成戲碼場景
外文關鍵詞:The temple stagelevel are formedelevation formingplay is one yard of scenes
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:787
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:150
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
中文摘要
本研究主要在於建立台灣廟宇戲台空間的構成現況,並探討戲台的立面形式與裝飾語彙,進而理解戲台空間與使用模式的關係。由於台灣民間一直保存著「敬天尊祖」的習俗,透過祭儀向神明表明心跡或體察神旨;同時為了感念神明的護佑,於廟埕中興建「戲台」做為舉行祀神儀典時,賽戲酬神之用,另藉由文獻資料以及實地的田野調查所得之資料,暸解戲台空間與使用關係的特徵。
研究對象主要採自「桃園縣文化硬體(展演)設施資源調查工作研究報告書」中45棟廟宇戲台的案例。具體的研究目的主要分為下列三項:(一) 探討廟宇戲台空間構成關係,包括平面構成及立面構成,(二)平面類型與使用模式的關係,(三)廟宇戲台與戲碼場景的對應關係。研究得致的結果可以歸納下列六點:
1. 戲台空間的構成類型,基本上有「前台」,「前台+走台」,「前台+後台」,「前台+走台+後台」等四種。研究案例中,有七成以上為「前台+走台+後台」型。但在實際的使用上,多將前台區隔成前台及走台,而將走台當做準備區間使用。
2. 使用模式與空間的定型化,由於營建經費、規模和立地條件的差異,雖然產生不同戲台類型,但經由戲台實際使用狀況之分析可以瞭解,戲劇表演時所需要的空間,戲台已具有一定的規格。
3. 戲劇演出時的機能區間主要包括有表演區間、文武場區間、上下場區間、祭祀區間、過渡區間和準備區間等6大類區間,而各個區間藉助景片形塑空間的領域。
4. 戲台實景的佈置,受限於空間的規模而有一定之制約,所以必須藉由燈光、音效、家具、道具及相關的裝置,來產生虛實交織、場景變換的空間背景,因此在戲台空間的裝置上,大致可歸納出:景片、上下場門(「出將」、「入相」」、桌椅(一桌三椅)燈光、文武場(樂師)和砌末(道具)等六種,配合著劇情發生的狀況及展開,營造出劇中的氛圍,超越出框架式戲台的範圍,賦予戲劇場景無限的張力與想像。

5. 戲碼中「虛擬場景」可分為同一時空的「單一場景」;以及時空交錯或重疊的「雙重場景」。
6. 「扮仙戲」及「日戲」酬神戲碼中,戲台空間以「一桌三椅」為基準,產生中軸線與內軸線,形成「以中為尊,以內為主」的主次序列關係。

關鍵詞:廟宇戲台、平面構成、立面構成、戲碼場景
Abstract
This research lies in setting up the composition present situation of the temple stage space of Taiwan mainly, probe into the elevation form of the stage and ornament vocabulary, and then understand the relation between the stage space and occupation mode. Because Taiwan folk custom that keep, show the true feelings or observe and learn supernatural purport by experience to gods through holding a memorial ceremony for the appearance ; At the same time in order to remember gods protection and help with gratitude, when build '' the stage '' to do the allusion quatation of the supernatural appearance in order to hold and offer sacriffices to the gods or the spirits of the dead in temple Cheng, comparable to the spending of play reward god , another investigate the materials of the income with the documents and materials and field on the spot , understand stage space and characteristic of using the relation.
1. Research object quarry 45 case , temple of stage until '' peach garden county cutural hardware (perform ) , facility resource investigation study report '' mainly. The concrete research purpose is divided into the following three items mainly: (1) Probe into the temple stage space and form the relation, including the level is formed and elevation is formed , (2) relation between level type and occupation mode, (3) the temple stage and play the corresponding relation of one yard of scenes. Can sum up six the following points while studying the result that must be caused:
2. The composition type of the stage space, there are '' front desks '' basically, '' front desk walk platform '', '' front desk + backstage supporter '', such fours as '' front desk walk platform + backstage ''. Study case, for '' front desk walk platform + backstage '' type over 70%. But in real use, through front desk walk platform, walk platform is it prepare block use to regard as front desk district more.
3. Finalizing the design of occupation mode and space, because built the funds , scale and set up the difference of conditions of ground , though produced the type of different stages, but the analysis of using the state actually via the stage can be understood , the space that the drama needs when performing, the stage has already had certain specifications .
4. The function block at the time of drama includes the performance block mainly, civil and military field block , upper and lower field block, offering sacrifices to the block , transition block and preparing such 6 major kinds of blocks as the block ,etc., and each block makes use of and helps the piece of scenery to mould the field of the space.
5. The arrangement of the outdoor scene of the stage, there is certain restriction by the scale limited to the space, so must be with the light , sound result , furniture , props and relevant devices, to produce the space background that the actual situation interweave , the scene varies, so on the device in space of the stage, can roughly sum up : Piece of scenery , field door not upper and lower ('' produce '', '' enter, looks " , desk chair light , field (musician ) not civil and military (one three desk chair ) and lasting such sixes as the end (props ) ,etc. ", cooperate with the state and expansion taking place in story, build out the atmosphere in drama , surmount out the range of the posture stage of the frame, give the tension and imagination of the drama with limitless scene.
6. Play yard '' fictitious scene '' can divide into and empty '' single scene '' for the moment; '' the double scene '' that interlocks or overlapping that empty in time.
'' play the part of celestial play '', and '' matinee '' reward supernatural play in the yard, stage on a basis of '' a desk and three chairs '' space, produce central axis and interior axis, main order that take shape arrange relation.

Keyword: The temple stage , level are formed , elevation forming , play is one yard of scenes
目錄


中文摘要____________________________________________________________________________________________Ⅰ
目錄________________________________________________________________________________________________Ⅱ
表目錄---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅲ
圖目錄----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅳ

第一章 緒論_________________________________________________________________________________________01
第一節 研究動機與目的------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------01
一、研究動機--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------01
二、研究目的--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------02
第二節 文獻回顧與視點建立-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------03
一、文獻回顧--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------03
二、視點建立--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------05
第三節 調查概要與研究對象-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------06
第四節 研究方法與流程-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------08

第二章 廟宇戲台之構成要素___________________________________________________________________________11
第一節 戲台之平面構成-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11
一、廟宇與戲台之佈局關係--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11
二、戲台空間之基本單元和規模--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13
第二節 戲台立面構成--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16
一、柱式的組構分式-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16
二、戲台立面各部之構成與類型--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22
第三節 戲台立面裝飾手法--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------28
一、裝飾意涵--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------28
二、戲台立面形式與裝飾題材的關係--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31
三、牌樓裝飾文樣之構圖手法-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35

第三章 廟宇戲台空間之構成與使用區分_________________________________________________________________36
第一節 戲台空間與使用區分之關係--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------36
一、戲台空間單元的區間-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------36
第二節 戲台實景佈置-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------41
一、 景片使用材料和造型----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------41
二、 砌末類型-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------44
第三節 平面構成類型與使用模式的關係--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------46
一、前台型------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------46
二、前台+走台型----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
三、前台+後台型----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53
四、前台+走台+後台型---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------56

第四章 廟宇戲台與戲碼場景的對應關係_________________________________________________________________60
第一節 酬神戲碼表演型態與戲台實景佈置的關係--------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
一、酬神戲碼表演型態--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
二、戲台的實景佈置-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63
第二節 戲台空間與「扮仙戲」戲碼場景---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
一、「扮仙戲」戲碼內容概要-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
二、戲內子場景的表演手法---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------71
三、演出區位與戲台空間序列的關係---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------76
第三節 戲台空間與「日戲」戲碼場景-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
一、「日戲」戲碼內容概要-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
二、戲內子場景的表演手法----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------82
三、演出區位與戲台空間序列的關係----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85



第五章 結論和後續研究_________________________________________________________________________________
第一節 結論----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
第二節 後續研究----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------93

參考文獻_______________________________________________________________________________________________
一、 書籍與期刊-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------94
二、論文---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------94

附錄___________________________________________________________________________________________________
一、 廟宇戲台空間調查案例資料總表------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------附1
二、 廟宇戲台空間調查案例資料------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------附2
參考文獻
一、書籍與期刊
1. 李乾朗,1983,「廟宇建築」,台北市北屋出版社
2. 李乾朗, 2001,「精雕細琢 : 臺灣廟宇裝飾」,傳藝中心籌備處
3. 李乾朗, 2001,「台灣建築史」,雄師出版社
4. 李乾朗,2003,「臺灣古建築圖解事典」,遠流出版
5. 劉慧芳,2001,「古今戲台藝術與戲曲表演美學」,文史哲出版社
6. 王強,2000,「會館戲臺與戲劇」,文津出版社
7. 高琦華,2003,「戲台考索」,浙江藝術職業學院
8. 曾永義,1998,「我國的傳統戲曲」,漢光文化
9. 曾永義、陳正之,1997,「臺灣傳統戲曲」,臺灣東華
10. 曾永義、游宗蓉、林明德,2003,「臺灣傳統戲曲之美 」,晨星出版社

二、論文
1. 魏勝賢,1997,「臺南市街廓內傳統廟埕廣場使用之研究」,成大碩論
2. 石淑棻,2001,「台灣廟宇敘事性雕繪題材分析-以桃竹苗地區廟宇為例」,國立中央大學碩論
3. 林怡君,2000,「台北市轄內傳統廟宇建築裝飾及變遷之研究」,中華大學碩論
4. 顏亨達,2001,「台灣傳統廟宇裝飾題材與建築空間之關聯研究」,國立台灣科技大學碩論
5. 李天鐸,1987,「台灣傳統廟宇建築裝飾之研究」,東海大學碩論
6. 邱秋惠,1997,「野台歌仔戲演員與觀眾的交流」,中國文化大學碩論
7. 洪玉蓉,2002,「小琉球傳統合院住宅空間構成之研究」,國立雲林科技大學碩論
8. 趙雅玲,2002,「彰化縣田中鎮牌樓厝街屋空間構成之研究」,國立雲林科技大學碩論
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top