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研究生:高志昕
研究生(外文):Chih-Hsi Kao
論文名稱:應用TRIZ探討MRAM技術之演化-專利分析觀點
論文名稱(外文):Using TRIZ on a Study of Technology Trends for MRAM-From the Viewpoint of Patent Analysis
指導教授:王明妤王明妤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Yeu Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:真理大學
系所名稱:管理科學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:發明性問題解決理論TRIZ文件探勘MRAM演化趨勢
外文關鍵詞:Text miningTRIZTheory of Inventive Problem SolvingMRAMEvolutionary trends
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
1946年出現以人工方式研究分析大量各種專利文件的構想,並發現在問題解決上或各解決方案間皆有相似模式可供遵循,即使是那些獨特且初創的創新發明也是如此,此概念即是「發明性問題解決理論」(俄文Teoriya Reshniya Izobretatelskikh Zadatch,TRIZ)。近來資訊系統的快速發展,文件探勘技術能有效的發掘以文字模式存放的大量資料中的珍貴資訊,透過視覺化的圖形更能簡易的表達資訊涵義,可以用最少的文字來呈述現象。本文提出結合文件探勘與TRIZ工具應用之方法,以此分析專利文件協助研發管理者能夠迅速察覺技術未來的發展潛能,並更客觀的判定技術的成熟度,作為企業對於技術所需投入研發程度的參考依據。MRAM概念與技術在1972年時早已成形,至今更成為下一世代的夢幻記憶體。本研究的分析結果顯示MRAM系統中重要的演化趨勢包括智慧型材料、顧客購買焦點、縮小趨勢、減少阻尼、非線性、單-雙-多-增加不同物件、空間分割、物體分割、單-雙-多-增加相同物件、表面分割。且MRAM於1970年代時已屬於趨近成熟的概念與技術,至今幾乎所有演化趨勢更已到達各項趨勢的演化極限,因此在未來研發的價值十分有限。本研究結論建議相關企業經營者將以專利技術的授權、移轉與合作,或是策略聯盟與併購等的經營策略,以作為取得MRAM系統相關技術的較佳方式。
It has appeared the idea in 1946 from analyzing a large number of patent documents by artificial method. And detect that resolves in the problem or each solution which all have alike mode and support to follow. Even unique and the infant creative invention are also such. This concept is "Theory of Inventive Problem Solving" (Russian Izobretatelskikh Zadatch of the Teoriya Reshniya, TRIZ). Recently information systems were fast development. The technique of text mining can discover the precious information in a great deal of data which is stored with writing mode availably. The vision of figure express more simple than writing information. This way can present to say phenomenon with the least writing. This dissertation proposes the idea of improving TRIZ tools and combines it with using the concept of text mining. Analyzing patent documents with it can help R&D governor to quickly detect evolutionary trends of technology development in the future and objectively decide mature degree of technique. MRAM concept and technique already arose at 1972. Even now MRAM become a dreamy next-generation memory. The analytical result of this research show that important evolutionary trends of the MRAM system was including Smart materials, Customer purchase focus, Macro to nano scale, Reduced damping, Non-Linearity, Mono-bi-poly-Various objects, Space segmentation, Object segmentation, Mono-bi-poly-Similar objects, Surface segmentation. MRAM system has already belonged to mature concept and the technique in 1970's. Even now evolutionary trends of MRAM system have already arrived evolutionary limit of each trends. Consequently the evolutional space in future is very limited. This result suggests that correlative operators can make authorization, removal or cooperation patent technique, and enterprises can use strategic of the alliance or merger. These above-mentioned strategies are better ways which obtains techniques of MRAM systems.
目錄 I
圖目錄 III
表目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 4
第三節 研究目的 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 智慧財產權與專利 6
第二節 TRIZ理論 8
第三節 文件探勘 20
第四節 MRAM 29
第三章 研究方法 34
第一節 研究流程 34
第二節 研究設計 35
第四章 實證結果與分析 40
第一節 建立1971~1980年之MRAM系統演化潛能雷達圖 41
第二節 建立1981~1990年之MRAM系統演化潛能雷達圖 47
第三節 建立1991~2000年之MRAM系統演化潛能雷達圖 49
第四節 建立2001年之後的MRAM系統演化潛能雷達圖 53
第五節 比較各時期之MRAM系統演化潛能雷達圖 61
第五章 結論與建議 63
第一節 研究結論 63
第二節 管理意涵 65
第三節 研究建議 67
參考文獻 68
ㄧ、中文部份 68
二、英文部分 69
三、網頁部份 80
附錄 81
演化趨勢各階段之類型 81

圖目錄
圖2- 1 發明、創新及專利三者的關係 8
圖2- 2 TRIZ觀念與工具 10
圖2- 3 傳統與TRIZ問題思考流程圖 11
圖2- 4 TRIZ系統化創新流程概觀 12
圖2- 5 系統化創新流程四步驟 12
圖2- 6 演化趨勢各階段流程 20
圖2- 7 向量空間模式 24
圖2- 8 階層凝聚式分群法 25
圖2- 9 關鍵圖圖形 27
圖2- 10 第一階段關鍵圖圖形 28
圖2- 11 最終關鍵圖圖形 29
圖2- 12 MRAM 技術發展的流程 31
圖2- 13 MRAM的結構及原理 32
圖3- 1 研究流程 34
圖3- 2 演化潛能雷達圖 39
圖4- 1 1971~1980年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 41
圖4- 2 1971~1980年智慧型材料之關鍵圖 42
圖4- 3 1971~1980年減少阻尼、非線性、縮小趨勢與顧客購買焦點之關鍵 圖 42
圖4- 4 1971~1980年單-雙-多-增加不同物件與空間分割之關鍵圖 44
圖4- 5 1971~1980年物體分割、單-雙-多-增加相同物件與表面分割之關鍵圖 45
圖4- 6 1971~1980年MRAM技術潛能雷達圖 47
圖4- 7 1981~1990年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 48
圖4- 8 1981~1990年顧客購買焦點趨勢之關鍵圖 48
圖4- 9 1981~1990年MRAM技術潛能雷達圖 49
圖4- 10 1991~2000年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 50
圖4- 11 1991~2000年縮小趨勢之關鍵圖 50
圖4- 12 1991~2000年智慧型材料之關鍵圖 51
圖4- 13 GMR之關鍵圖 52
圖4- 14 1991~2000年MRAM技術潛能雷達圖 53
圖4- 15 2001年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 54
圖4- 16 2001年顧客購買焦點之關鍵圖 55
圖4- 17 2001年MRAM技術潛能雷達圖 55
圖4- 18 2002年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 56
圖4- 19 2003年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 56
圖4- 20 2004年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 57
圖4- 21 2005年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 57
圖4- 22 2006年MRAM技術發展關鍵圖 58
圖4- 23 2006年智慧型材料趨勢之關鍵圖 59
圖4- 24 2006年縮小趨勢之關鍵圖 59
圖4- 25 TMR之關鍵圖 60
圖4- 26 各年代MRAM系統技術演化潛能雷達圖之比較 61

表目錄
表2- 1 我國著作權、商標權及專利權的比較 6
表2- 2 各國專利制度 7
表2- 3 創新層級表 13
表2- 4 ALTSHULLER 歸納出八項演化類型 16
表2- 5 DARRELL MANN歸納出三十一項趨勢類型 18
表2- 6 四種記憶體的比較 32
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三、網頁部份
1.美國專利暨商標局網址:http://www.uspto.gov。
2.Theory of inventive problem Solving (TRIZ). Available from: http://www.mazur.net/triz/
3.TRIZ學術期刊:http://www.triz-journal.com/
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