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研究生:徐翠玲
研究生(外文):sui-in Tui
論文名稱:兒童孤寂感之相關因素研究----以桃園縣中正國小為例-----
論文名稱(外文):children's loneliness
指導教授:王燦槐王燦槐引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:心理學所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:兒童信任感兒童社會焦慮兒童孤寂感
外文關鍵詞:trustanxietychildren's loneliness
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:349
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
摘要
本研究是針對兒童孤寂感之相關因素,做深入的探討。研究工具為兒童社會焦慮量表、兒童孤寂量表、兒童信任量表、學生基本資料,並以桃園縣中壢市中正國小四年級男童148人、女童137人和六年級男童177人、女童160人,共622人為研究的對象。研究的自變項為兒童社會焦慮感、兒童信任感、兒童學業成績、兒童年級、性別、社交地位類型、父母婚姻狀況、是否是獨生子(女),依變項為兒童孤寂感。研究結果發現如下:
ㄧ、兒童孤寂感與兒童社會焦慮感、兒童信任感、兒童學業成績有顯著性的相關;
不同社交地位類型的兒童在孤寂量表得分有顯著性的差異,不同年級(性
別)、父母不同婚姻狀況、是否是獨生子(女)在孤寂量表得分上並無顯著性的
差異。
二、以迴歸分析方法所建立的迴歸模式為

由此迴歸模式得知,兒童社會焦慮感、兒童信任感、兒童學業成績三個變項
可以預測兒童孤寂感,其餘變項包括年級、性別、社交地位類型、父母婚姻
狀況、是否是獨生子(女),都不是重要的預測因子。
三、兒童對孤寂的認知與兒童社會焦慮感、兒童孤寂感、兒童信任感有顯著性
的相關,但與學業成績無顯著性的相關;不同年級(性別、社交地位類型、
父母婚姻狀況)、是否是獨生子(女)在孤寂認知上並無顯著性的差異。
四、無論是年級、性別、社交地位類型、父母婚姻狀況、是否是獨生子(女),對
於孤寂狀態滿意度,以中性的滿意度最高。
五、無論是年級、性別、社交地位類型、父母婚姻狀況、是否是獨生子(女),對
當一位孤寂兒童的看法,以有壞處的看法居多。
本研究針對以上的結果加以討論,並提供若干建議作為輔導與諮商實務工作
者以及未來研究的參考依據。
children's loneliness
目錄
頁碼
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景與動機 …………………………………………………1
第二節 研究假設 …………………………………………………………2
第三節 研究目的 …………………………………………………………2
第四節 研究範圍與限制 …………………………………………………3
第五節 重要名詞解釋 ………………………………………………… 3
第二章 文獻探討…………………………………………………………4
第一節 孤寂感的定義……………………………………………………4
第二節 孤寂兒童的發展…………………………………………………5
第三節 社會焦慮與孤寂感的相關探討…………………………………6
第四節 信任感與孤寂感的相關探討……………………………………7
第五節 學業成績與孤寂感的相關探討…………………………………7
第六節 年級、性別與孤寂感的相關探討………………………………8
第七節 兒童社交地位類型與孤寂感的相關探討………………………9
第八節 父母婚姻狀況與孤寂感的相關探討 …………………………10
第九節 獨生子女與孤寂感的相關探討 ……………………………10
第三章 研究方法 …………………………………………………………12
第一節 研究樣本 ………………………………………………………12
第二節 研究工具 ………………………………………………………13
第三節 研究程序 ………………………………………………………16
第四章 研究結果 …………………………………………………………18
第一節 研究工具之評估 ………………………………………………18
第二節 孤寂量表之分析 ………………………………………………19
第三節 建立回歸模式 …………………………………………………24
第四節 兒童對於孤寂認知之分析 ……………………………………25
第五章 綜合討論 …………………………………………………………32
第一節 研究結論 ………………………………………………………32
第二節 研究建議 ………………………………………………………36
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………………………39
參考文獻
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吳武典 (民 78)。 社會計量法。 「社會與行為科學研究法下冊」,677-719。 台
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余國良 (民 89)。 學習不良兒童孤寂感、同伴接受性的特點及其與家庭弁鄋?
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楊雯齡 (民 85)。 國小兒童社會地位與寂寞感之相關研究。 文化大學兒童福
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蔡晉和 (民 79)。 國中生寂寞感與人格特質及其背景變項之相關研究。 彰化
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Erwin著,黃牧仁譯 (民 88)。 兒童到青少年期的友誼發展。 台北:五南圖書
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