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研究生:林艷秋
研究生(外文):LIN YANN-CHIOU
論文名稱:老年榮民健康狀況,憂鬱,存活的理由與自殺意念之探討
論文名稱(外文):The study of the health status,depression,the reasons for living and suicide ideation among aged veterans in Taiwan
指導教授:蔡芸芳
指導教授(外文):Tsai Y F
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:長庚大學
系所名稱:護理學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:老年榮民健康情形憂鬱存活的理由自殺意念.
外文關鍵詞:aged veteranshealth statusdepressionthe reasons for livingsuicide ideation
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本研究主要目的在探討老年榮民人口學特性、健康狀況、憂鬱、存活的理由與自殺意念之相關性,並預測老年榮民自殺意念之危險因子。研究方法採立意取樣,以北部地區三所榮家65歲以上無認知功能障礙之老年榮民為研究樣本,有效樣本共計292名。採結構式問卷調查法,自民國九十四年六月至九十五年十一月止進行資料蒐集,以老人自評健康量表、簡式老人憂鬱量表、貝克自殺意念量表、存活的理由量表為研究工具,資料分析以電腦統計軟體SPSS12.0執行次數分配、百分比、平均數、標準差、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析,若達顯著水準則以薛費事後比較法進行檢定、chi-square檢定、皮爾森相關係數、邏輯回歸分析向後法檢定。本研究結果顯示:(1).婚姻狀態影響老年榮民之健康狀況且呈顯著差異(F=11.08, p<.001)、影響憂鬱且呈顯著差異(F=6.17, p<.05)、影響存活的理由且呈現顯著差異(F=31.92, p<.001);生活壓力事件影響健康狀況且呈顯著差異(t=4.14, p<.001)、影響憂鬱且呈顯著差異(t=-2.79, p<.05)、生活壓力事件在自殺意念之檢定呈顯著差異(x²=5.82, p<.05);社交活動影響憂鬱且呈顯著差異(t=2.32, p<.05)、社交活動影響存活的理由且呈顯著差異(t=-2.43, p<.05);宗教信仰影響存活的理由且呈顯著差異(t=-3.24, p<.05);吸菸影響存活的理由且呈顯著差異(t=2.54, p<.05);飲酒影響存活的理由且呈顯著差異(t=3.08, p<.05)。(2).有自殺意念組的自評健康狀況得分(57.52±9.13)低於無自殺意念組(63.47±9.17)且呈現顯著差異(t=5.18, p<.001)、有自殺意念組的憂鬱得分(8.14±3.26)高於無自殺意念組(5.38±2.60)且呈顯著差異(t=-7.76, p<.001)、有自殺意念組在存活的理由得分(82.06±15.37)低於無自殺意念組(87.22±17.70)且呈顯著差異(t=2.54, p<.01)。(3).老年榮民之健康狀況與憂鬱呈現顯著負相關(r=-0.48, p<.001)、健康狀況與存活的理由呈現顯著正相關(r=0.43, p<.001)、憂鬱與存活的理由呈顯著負相關(r=-0.45, p<.001)。(4).健康狀況及憂鬱兩項為老年榮民自殺意念之重要危險因子,由勝算比發現,當其他自變項的數值相同時,老年榮民之憂鬱每增加1分,其自殺意念之危險程度增加1.29倍,而自評健康狀況每增加1分,其自殺意念之危險程度降低0.97倍,憂鬱傾向為最重要的自殺意念預測因子,其次為健康狀況所造成的影響.
Abstract
This study investigated the association between epidemiologic characteristics, health condition, depression, reasons for living and suicide ideation among aged veterans in Taiwan. In addition, we tried to predict the risk factors of suicide ideation.
292 effective cases had been selected from all cases greater than 65- year-old of three Veteran Home in northern Taiwan, between June 2005 and Nov.2006. All cases had been interviewed and data collected individually with Perceived Health Status, GDS short form, Beck Scale for Suicide ideation(BSS), and Reasons for living Inventory(RFL).
Cases with suicide ideation had more life events(x²=5.82, p<.05), worse health condition (t=5.18, p<.001), more depress (GDS score) (t=-7.76, p<.001), less reasons for living (t=2.54, p<.01) than non-suicide ideation cases. Perceived health status(OR =0.97, 95% CI=0.94~1.00) and depression (OR=1.29, 95% CI = 1.16~1.43) are two important risk factors for elderly veterans.
From the results of this study, perceived health status and depression are significant risk factors for elderly veterans. Negative life events do not affect suicide ideation independently. As the reasons for living, do not work as a protective factor in youth and adult. We suggest that all nursing home and elderly institution should pay more attention upon health issues and have depression, suicide ideation screening regularly to prevent further suicide or self harm behavior on account of the unpreventable deterioration of health condition.
目 錄
指導教授推薦書………………………………………………………
口試委員會審定書……………………………………………………
授權書…………………………………………………………..……….iii
長庚大學授權書………………………………………………..……….iv
誌謝………………………………………………………………………v
中文摘要…………………………………………………………...……vi
英文摘要…………………………………………………………….…..ix
目錄……………………………………………………….…....…......….x
第一章 緒論………………………………………………..…….………1
第一節 研究背景與重要性…………………….......…………………1
第二節 研究動機………………………………………..…….………3
第三節 研究目的…………………………………………..…….……5
第四節 研究假設…………………………………………..…….……5
第五節 名詞界定………………………………………...……………6
第二章 文獻查證…………………………………………….………..8
第一節 老年榮民之特性………………………………….………..…8
第二節 老人自評健康狀況…………………………………….……13
第三節 老年憂鬱……………………………………………….……18
第四節 存活的理由…………………………………………….……27
第五節 自殺意念…………………………………………….………32
第六節 總結 ………………………………...………………………41
第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………45
第一節 研究架構 …………………………………………..………45
第二節 收案場所及研究對象……………………………..……...45
第三節 資料收集過程…………………………………….…………46
第四節 研究工具…………………………………………….…...47
第五節 研究工具之信效度………………..…………………52
第六節 倫理考量………………………………………..…………...54
第七節 資料處理與統計分析方法…………………………..……...54
第四章 研究結果……………………………………..……………….57
第一節 人口學特性健康狀況憂鬱存活的理由自殺意念之現況….57
第二節 人口學特性對健康狀況憂鬱存活的理由自殺意念之影響.60
第三節 健康狀況、憂鬱、存活的理由與自殺意念之影響…………62
第四節 健康狀況、憂鬱、存活的理由之關係………………………63
第五節 自殺意念之危險因子預測模式 ……………………...……63
第五章 討論……………………………………………………………64
第一節 人口學特性健康狀況憂鬱存活的理由自殺意念之現況.…64
第二節 人口學特性對健康狀況憂鬱存活的理由自殺意念之影響.70
第三節 健康狀況、憂鬱、存活的理由對自殺意念之影響…………75
第四節 健康狀況、憂鬱、存活的理由三者之關係…………….……75
第五節 自殺意念之危險因子預測…………………………………75
第六章 結論與限制……………………………………………………77
第一節 結論………………………………….………………………77
第二節 研究之運用…………………………………………………78
第三節 研究限制……………………………………………………79
第四節 研究建議………………………………………….…………80
參考文獻
中文部分………………………………………………….….……….82英文部分………………………………….……………….….……….94
圖表目錄
圖一 自殺意念預測因子模式之概念架構圖……………….………45
表一 各問卷量表得分情形………….………………….….………114
表二 研究工具之內部一致性……………….………………..……115
表三 存活的理由量表專家效度平均得分和CVI值…………...…116
表四 資料分析處理過程…………………………………...………117
表五 老年榮民認知功能得分情形…………………………...……118
表六 老年榮民人口學資料…………………………………...……119
表七 健康狀況資料分……….………………………………..……120
表八 老年榮民憂鬱組距分佈……….………………………..……124
表九 老年榮民憂鬱傾向分佈情形.……………………….…….…125
表十 老年榮民存活的理由分佈情形……………..………….……126
表十一 老年榮民自殺意念分佈情形……………………..….……127
表十二 老年榮民健康狀況在人口學特性之檢定…………..….…128
表十三 老年榮民憂鬱在人口學特性之檢定………………...……129
表十四 老年榮民存活的理由在人口學特性之檢定.………..……130
表十五 老年榮民自殺意念在人口學特性之比較分析……..….....131
表十六 自殺意念在健康狀況、憂鬱、存活的理由之分析………132
表十七 老年榮民健康狀況、憂鬱、存活的理由之相關..……….…133
表十八 顯著相關變項對自殺意念之邏輯迴歸分析...………....…134
附錄目錄
附錄一 徵詢使用問卷同意書…………………...…………………135
附錄二 問卷同意書…………………………………………..…….136
附錄三 徵詢『貝氏自殺意念量表;BSS』使用同意書…….…...137
附錄四 專家效度名單…………………………………………...…138
附錄五 專家效度評鑑表……………………………………...……139
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