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研究生:魏炯彰
研究生(外文):John-Chang Wei
論文名稱:使用BrungraberMarkⅡ量測器量測坡道表面摩擦係數之問題探討
論文名稱(外文):Friction Measurements on Ramps Using the Brungraber MarkⅡ Slipmeter
指導教授:李開偉李開偉引用關係茍昌煥
指導教授(外文):Kai Way LiChang-Huan Kou
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:中華大學
系所名稱:土木與工程資訊學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:滑溜和滑倒摩擦係數傾斜表面迴歸模式
外文關鍵詞:slip and fallcoefficient of frictioninclined surfaceBrungraber MarkⅡregression model
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
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  • 下載下載:93
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
走在斜坡上比在水平地面上更容易發生滑溜和滑倒,但是探討在斜坡上進行摩擦量測及斜坡上量得的摩擦係數應如何調整以反應真實的摩擦係數值的研究卻是非常少。本研究收集並分析了水平地面0°和10°、20°之斜坡上,使用三種不同之地板材料、三種不同之鞋底材料和二種不同之表面狀況,使用Brungraber MarkⅡ量測器所測得之摩擦量測值。統計分析結果顯示地板之傾斜角度、地板材料、鞋底材料和地板表面狀況都會顯著的影響摩擦係數之量測值。研究建立了一個迴歸模式以描述在不同地板材料 /不同鞋底材料 / 不同表面狀況且不同角度之坡道表面的摩擦係數值。此模式之判定係數R2 為0.87, 在p<0.0001下具有顯著差異。模式中傾斜角度之cosine函數可作為當使用Brungraber MarkⅡ為量測器時,在不同傾斜角度之坡道表面測得的摩擦係數值之修正因子,以反應在防滑考量下,坡道表面之實際摩擦係數水準。
Slipping and falling are more likely to occur on ramps than on level surface. How friction measurement can be made on ramps and how the friction readings obtained on an inclined surface be adjusted to reflect actual friction level have rarely been discussed in the literature. In this study, friction measurements were conducted on the floor surfaces with 0°, 10°and 20°inclined angles under different footwear materials, floors, and surface conditions, using the Brungraber MarkⅡ slipmeter. The results of the study showed that the inclined angle, the footwear material, the floor, and the surface conditions all affected the measured friction coefficients significantly. A regression model was established to describe the measured coefficients of friction on ramps under footwear material/floor/surface conditions. This model is significant at p<0.0001 with an R2 of 0.87. The cosine function of ramp angle, as suggested in the regression model, was recommended to be used as a correcting factor for friction measurement results, considering slip prevetion, using the Brungraber MarkⅡ on ramps to indicate the actual friction levels of the surfaces.
摘要 ⅰ
Abstract ⅱ
謝誌 ⅲ
目錄 ⅳ
圖目錄 ⅵ
表目錄 ⅶ
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景和動機 1
1-2 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻探討 3
2-1 滑溜和滑倒 3
2-1-1 摩擦之基本概念 3
2-1-2 走路時滑溜和滑倒 4
2-2 地板抗滑標準 7
2-3 行走於斜坡道之摩擦需求 8
2-4 摩擦係數量測器 10
2-4-1 Brungraber MarkⅡ 10
2-4-2 英國可攜式滑行測試器 12
2-4-3 English ⅩL 13
2-5 影響摩擦係數量測器讀數之因子 14
第三章 研究方法 18
3-1 可調整角度之坡道 18
3-2 BMⅡ之操作 18
3-3 地板材料、鞋底材料和地板表面狀況 19
3-4 實驗設計和統計分析 20
第四章 實驗結果 21
4-1 變異數分析之結果 21
4-2 迴歸模式 26
第五章 討論 31
第六章 結論與建議 34
6-1 結論 34
6-2 建議 34
參考文獻 35
附錄 1 SAS 程式 44
附錄 2 模式之平均信賴區間估計值 45
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