(3.220.231.235) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/09 06:18
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:吳孟芳
論文名稱:婚暴加害人婚暴行為與罪惡感、羞恥感、同理心之關係
指導教授:沈勝昂沈勝昂引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:犯罪防治研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:356
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:24
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
婦女權益從百年前發展至今已有很大的進步與改善,然而時至今日女性受暴的婚姻暴力案件卻仍層出不窮的出現在社會當中。目前國內對於婚姻暴力成因、處遇的研究很多,但對於婚暴加害人的心理特質研究相對較少。本研究嘗試以另一個心理向度”罪惡感、羞恥感與同理心”探討婚姻暴力加害人的心理特質與憤怒攻擊、婚姻暴力行為的可能歷程,並以一般組作為對照,以瞭解個體的羞恥感與罪惡感傾向對其憤怒攻擊與婚暴行為過程與相關性。
本研究問卷的蒐集上共分為一般組與婚暴組,一般組為婚姻關係中之成年男女,婚暴組主要以各警察機關辦理保護令申請的家庭暴力防治官協助受理案件中之男性婚暴加害人與女性被害人填寫問卷。問卷內容包括:1. 個人基本資料;2.個體的自我意識情緒(羞恥感傾向、罪惡感傾向);3.個體憤怒、攻擊的程度;4.個體人際互動中同理反應的程度;5.婚姻暴力危險程度。其中加害人填寫第1~4部分,被害人填寫第5部分。本研究問卷回收共有一般組男性118份,一般組女性118份;婚暴組男性共有106份,婚暴被害女性共有115份。
本研究結果分析共分為三部分:
一、一般組與婚暴組在主要變項:羞恥感、罪惡感、同理反應、憤怒攻擊、婚姻暴力危險程度的差異性分析。結果顯示一般組與婚暴組在罪惡感、同理反應的觀點取替、同理感受、憤怒攻擊、婚姻暴力危險程度有顯著差異。
二、羞恥感、罪惡感、同理反應、憤怒攻擊、婚姻暴力危險程度各變項之相關分析。 結果顯示羞恥感與同理反應中的幻想、個人痛苦、憤怒攻擊成正相關;罪惡感與同理反應中的觀點取替、同理感受成正相關,與憤怒攻擊成負相關。
三、分別以「憤怒攻擊」、「婚姻暴力危險程度」為依變項的整體樣本與分組後
樣本的迴歸分析與路徑分析。結果顯示無論是整體樣本或是分組後的樣本,羞恥感、罪惡感、同理反應都可以有效預測憤怒攻擊。在婚姻暴力危險程度的預測上,在整體樣本上,僅罪惡感為可以預測的變項。
中文:
林明傑。2000。美加婚姻暴力犯之治療方案與技術暨其危險評估之探討。社區發展季刊第九十期,p197-215。
林明傑、沈勝昂。2004。婚姻暴力加害人分類之研究。中華心理衛生期刊,十七卷第二期,pp67-92。
沈勝昂。2003。犯罪行為與羞恥感、罪惡感之關係-犯罪復建整合模式之重建。
桃園:中央警察大學出版社。
李宜靜。2000。婚姻暴力加害人心理經驗之研究。高雄師範大學輔導研究所碩
士論文。
吳柳嬌。2004。婚姻暴力的成因與處遇之研究。中山大學中山學術研究所博士
論文。
陳明志。1999。警察機關執行家庭暴力防治工作問題之研究—以台北市政府警察局為例。中央警察大學行政警察研究所碩士論文。
陳高德。2002。台灣婚姻暴力之男性加害人。台北醫學大學醫學研究所碩士論文。
黃希庭。1998。人格心理學。台北:東華書局股份有限公司。
黃翠紋。2004。婚姻暴力加害人危險評估量表建構之研究-從警察分局家庭暴力防治官的觀點。刑事政策與犯罪研究論文集(8)。
劉秀娟。1998。兩性關係與教育。台北:揚智文化。
鄭秀津。2002。婚姻暴力加害人之生態系統分析--以嘉義地區受保護管束者為
例。中正大學犯罪防治研究所碩士論文。
蘇建文等人合著。2000。發展心理學。台北:心理出版社股份有限公司。
Dan Kindlon & Michael Thompson , 譯者:吳書瑜。2001。該隱的封印--揭開男孩世界的殘忍文化 -Raising Cain –Protecting the Emotional Life of Boys。台北:商周出版社。
Diane E. Papalia & Sally Wendkos Olds,譯者:黃慧貞。1996。發展心理學-人類發展,Human Development。台北:桂冠圖書出版公司。
Robert M. Liebert & Lynn Langenback Liebert , 譯者:張鳳燕等人。2002。
人格心理學-策略與議題,Personality-Strategies and issues台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。

西文:
Averill, J.R.(1998).Implications of characterological vs . behavioral self-blame for adjustment to negative life events . Unpublished doctoral dissertation , George Mason University , Fairfax , VA .
Batson , C.D.(1990).How social animal ? The human capacity for caring .
American Psychologist , 45 , 336-346 .
Batson , C.D & Coke , J.S. (1981).Empathy : A source of altruistic motivation
for helping ? In J.P. Rushton & R.M. Sorrentino (Eds.), Altruism and helping behavior : Social , personality , and developmental perspectives (pp.167-187). Hillsdale, NJ:Erlbaum.
Braithwaite, J.(1989).Crime , shame , and reintegration . Cambridge
University Press.
Braithewaite , J.(1995).Reintegration shaming , republicatiobism , and policy . In Hugh Barlow ( ed.) Crime and Public Policy. U.S.A: Westview Press .
Coke , J.S., Batson, C.D., &MaDavis , K.(1978).Empathic mediation of helping : A two-stage model . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 36 ,752-766.
Cross , S ., & Madson , L.(1997). Models of the self : Self-Construals and gender . Psychological Bulletin , 122 , 5-37 .
Davis , M.H.(1983).A multidimensional approach to individual difference in empathy. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology ,44 , 113-116 .
Davis, M.H.,& Oathout , H.A(1987). Maintenance of satisfaction in romantic relationship: Empathy and relationship competence . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology ,53 , 397-410 .
Davis , M.H (1996). Empathy : A Social Psychological Approach . Colorado : Westview Press .
Dearing , R.L. & Stuewig , J. & Tangney , J.P. (2005) . On the importance of distinguish shame from guilt : Relations to problematic alcohol and drug use. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 1392-1404 .
Dutton , D ., & Golant , S.K. (1995). The batterer . New York ; Basic Books .
Eisenberg , N ., & Miller , P.A(1987). Empathy, Sympathy and altruism : Empirical and conceptual links . In N. Eisenberg & Strayer ( Eds.) , Empathy and its development (pp.292-311). New York : Cambridge University Press.
Erikson ,E.H.(1950) . Childhood and society . New York: Norton .
Eisler , R. M., &Blalock , J.A. (1991). Masculine gender role stress : Implication for the assessment of men : Clinical Psychology Review , 11 , 45-60 .
Ferguson , T. J., Stegge , H., & Damhuis , I. (1990a) . Guilt and Shame experiences in elementary school-age chidren . In R.J. Takens ( Ed.) , European Perspective in psychology ( Vol.1,pp. 195-218 ) . New York ; Wiley .
Ferguson , T. J., Stegge , H., & Damhuis , I. (1990b). Spontaneous and elicited guilt and shame experiences in the elementary school-age children . Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Society for Research in Human Development , Dallas , TX.
Feshbach , N.D (1975a). Empathy in children : Some theoretical and empirical considerations . Counseling Psychologist , 5 , 25-30 .
Freud , S (1953a). Further remarks on the neuro-psychoses of defence . In J . Strachey ( Ed & Trans.) , The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Stgmund Freud (Vol. 3, pp. 157-185). London : Hogarth Press.
Freud , S (1961d). The id and the ego . In J . Strachey ( Ed & Trans.) ,
The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Stgmund
Freud (Vol.19, pp. 12-66). London : Hogarth Press.( Original work
published 1923 )
Fultz,J.,Batson , C.D., Fortenbach , V.A ., McCarthy , P.M., & Varney , L.L (1986).Social evaluation and the empathy-altruism hypothesis . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 50,761-769.
Glick,P., Lameiras , M., Fiske , S.T., Masser, B., Volpato , C., et al .(2004). Bad but bold : Ambivalent attitudes toward men predict gender inequality in 16 nations . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 86 , 713-728 .
Hanson,R.Karl (2003).Empathy deficits of sexual offenders : A conceptual model. Journal of Sexual Aggression . (Vol.9 , pp.13-23)
Helgeson , V.S. (1994) . Relation of agency and communication to
well-being : Evidence and potential explanations . Psychological Bulletin ,
116 , 412-428 .
Higgins, E.T . (1987). Self-discrepancy : A theory relating self and affect . Psychological Review , 94,319-340 .
Hoffman , M .L . (1984) . Interaction of affect and cognition in empathy .
In C.E . Izard , J . Kagan , & R . Zajonc (Eds.), Emotion , cognition , and behavior ( pp. 103-131) . Cambridge , UK: Cambridge University Press .
Jakupcak , M., Tull , M.T ., & Romer ,L .,(2005) Psychology of Men & Masculinity (Vol.6 . No. 4. 275-284 )
Leith , K.P (1998) .Interpersonal conflict resolution : Guilt , shame , and counterfactual thinking . Dissertation Abstracts International : Section B . The Sciences and Engineering , 58 , 5699 .
Lewis , H.B .( 1971) . Shame and Guilt in neurosis . New York : International
Universities Press .
Lindsay-Hartz , J . (1984) . Contrasting experiences of shame and guilt . American Behavioral Scientist , 27 , 689-704 .
Lindsay-Hartz , J., de Rivera , J ., & Mascolo , M . ( 1995) .
Differentiating shame and guilt and their effects on motivation . In J .P .Tangney & K.W Fischer (Eds.) , Self-conscious emotions : The psychology of shame , guilt , embarrassment , and pride (pp.274-300). New York : Guilford Press .
Lutwak , N., Panish , J. & Joseph Ferrari (2003) . Shame and guilt : characterological vs. behavioral self-blame and their relationship to fear of intimacy . Personality and Individual Differences ,35 , pp.909-916 .
Neidenthal, P., Tangney, J.P.,& Gavanski, I. (1994) .”If only I weren't ”versus “ If only I hadn't”: Distinguishing shame and guilt in counterfactual thinking . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 67,585-595 .
Piers , G ., & Singer , A . ( 1953 ). Shame and guilt . Springfield , IL: Thomas .
Rugel , R .P ( 1997 ) Husband-focused marital therapy . Springfield ,
IL :Thomas .
Russell , M. N. (1995) Confronting abusive beliefs : Group treatment for
abusive men . Thousand Oaks , CA : Sage .
Serge Guimond ., Delphine Martinot., Armand Chatard ., Richard J. Crisp .,
Sandrine Redersdorff (2006) . Social comparison , Self-Stereotyping ,
and Gender Differences in Self- Construals . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . Vol 90 . No. 2 , 221-242 .
Straus , M .A. (1980). Social stress and marital violence in a national sample of American families . Symposium on Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry , New York Academy of Sciences , New York , New York .
Straus , M.A(1990a) . Social stress and marital violence in a national sample
of American families . In M.A Straus & R . J. Gelles (Eds.) Physical Violence in American Families : Risk factors and Adaptations to Violence in 8,145 Families ( pp.181-199). New Brunswick , NJ : Transaction Publishers .
Sanftner, J., Mohr,T.,& Gramzow , R (1996) . Assessing individual difference
in constructive vs . destructive response to anger across the lifespan . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 70 ,780-796 .
Tangney, J.P. (1992). Situational determinants of shame and guilt in young adulthood . Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin , 18,199-206.
Tangney , J.P ( 1993b).Shame and guilt . In C.G. Costello ( Eds.) , Symptoms of depression (pp.161-180) . New York : Wiley .
Tangney ,J .P. (2000,July) . Couples in conflict : Constructive vs. destructive responses to everyday anger . Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for research on Aggression , Valencia , Spain .
Tangney , J.P., Barlow, D.H .,Wagner , P.E ., Marschall , D ., Borenstein ,.
Tangney , J.P., Dearing , R. L.(in press). Gender differences in morality . In J.M. Masling & R.F. Bornstein (Eds.) , Empirical perspectives on psychoanalytic theory ( Vol.10). Washington , DC : American Psychological Association .
Tangney , J.P., Miller, R.S., &Flicker, L.(1992) .A quantitative analysis
of shame and embarrassment . Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association , Washington , DC .
Tangney , J.P., Wagner ,P.E. & Barlow , D.H., Marschall , D E., & Gramzow , R . (1996) .The relation of shame and guilt to constructive vs . destructive responses to anger across the lifespan . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology ,70, 797-809 .
Tangney , J.P & Dearing , R.L .(2002) . Shame and Guilt .New York : Guilford
Publication , Inc .
Tangney , J.P & Stuewig , J. & Mashek , D.J.(2007). Moral Emotions and
Moral Behavior.The Annual Review of Psycholoy, 58:345-372.
Tannen, D. (1990). You just don’t understand :Women and men in
conversation . New York :Morrow.
Tozizzo ,S .,& Howells,K.,& Day,A.,& Roidpaht ,D., &Froyland ,I. (2000).
Attribution of Negative Partner Behavior by Men Who Physically Abuse their Partners . Journal of Family Violence .Vol.15.No.2 .
Wallbott, H.G., & Scherer , K.R (1995) . Cultural determinants in experiencing shame and guilt . In J. P.Tangney & K.W. Fisher (Eds ) , Self-conscious emotions : The psychology of shame , guilt , embrassment , and pride (pp. 465-487) . New York : Guilford Press .
Wicker , F.W..,Payne , G. C., & Morgan , R. (1983) . Participant descriptions of guilt and shame . Motivation and Emotion ,7, 25-39 .
Zhang , S .(1995).Measuring shaming in an ethnic context . British Journal of Criminology , 35-2 ,248-262.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔