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研究生:陳映蓁
研究生(外文):Chen, Ying-Chen
論文名稱:企業環境管理及其績效影響因素實證研究-以中華徵信所TOP5000企業之製造業為例
論文名稱(外文):The Influential Factors of the Environmental Management and Performance - An Empirical Study of Manufacturing of TOP 5000 Firms of CCIS
指導教授:洪麗花洪麗花引用關係吳克吳克引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung, Li-HwaWu, Ko
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:清雲科技大學
系所名稱:國際企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:環境管理環境績效可用資源企業規模
外文關鍵詞:Environmental ManagementEnvironmental PerformanceAvailable ResourceFirm Size
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:517
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:162
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
摘 要
近幾年來各大企業擔負起對環境維護的責任已蔚為風潮,本研究主張企業的特性:「可用資源」和「企業規模」,與企業環境導向下的環境管理和環境績效具有關連性。企業有充裕的可用資源,則有能力實行環境策略以達到環境責任履行和環境績效的提昇;企業規模愈大,愈有充沛的資源及規模經濟促使企業去執行環境管理及達到環境績效的競爭優勢;此外,產業影響和企業成立時間不同,被視為會干擾企業執行環境管理及其績效。

本研究利用迴歸分析驗證企業可用資源和企業規模對環境管理和環境績效的影響關係。研究結果發現,可用資源對環境管理呈現顯著的正向關係,企業規模對環境管理呈現顯著的正向關係,可用資源和環境管理及環境績效的關係會受到成立時間不同而影響;企業規模和環境管理及環境績效的關係會受到成立時間不同而影響。

關鍵詞:環境管理、環境績效、可用資源、企業規模
Abstract
In the recent years, many of the firms are tend to take responsibilities for environment maintenance. This study suggests that the characteristics of the firm, including available resource and firm size, have the relationship with environmental management as well as environmental performance. The greater resource of the firm, the greater capacity of applying the environmental strategy to implement its environmental responsiveness and performance. Similarly, the greater firm size, the greater resource and economy of scale to enhance the firm applying the environmental management and achieve the competitive advantages of environmental performance. In addition, the environmental management and performance are controlled by industry effect and firm age.

This study using the regression model to examine the relationship between environmental management, environmental performance and two characteristics of the firm: available resources and firm size. The result shows that the available resource has a positive effect on environmental management, and the firm size has a positive effect on environmental management. The relationship between available resource, environmental management and environmental performance is controlled by firm age. Also the relationship between firm size, environmental management and environmental performance is controlled by firm age.

Keywords: Environmental Management, Environmental Performance, Available Resource, Firm Size.
目錄
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………… i
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………… ii
誌謝………………………………………………………………………………………… iii
目錄………………………………………………………………………………………… iv
表目錄……………………………………………………………………………………… vi
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………………………… vii

第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………………………… 1
1.1 研究背景與動機……………………………………………………………………… 1
1.2 研究目的……………………………………………………………………………… 3
1.3 研究流程……………………………………………………………………………… 4
第二章 文獻探討 ………………………………………………………………………… 5
2.1 環境管理的相關文獻………………………………………………………………… 5
2.2 環境績效的相關文獻………………………………………………………………… 16
2.3 可用資源與企業規模的定義………………………………………………………… 24
第三章 研究方法…………………………………………………………………………… 36
3.1 研究架構與研究假說………………………………………………………………… 36
3.2 研究變項與衡量方法………………………………………………………………… 39
3.3 問卷設計……………………………………………………………………………… 43
3.4 資料分析方法………………………………………………………………………… 44
第四章 資料分析…………………………………………………………………………… 47
4.1 量表之信度與效度分析……………………………………………………………… 47
4.2 受訪企業基本資料分析……………………………………………………………… 48
4.3 研究結果分析………………………………………………………………………… 56
4.4 小結…………………………………………………………………………………… 66
第五章 結論與建議………………………………………………………………………… 67
5.1 研究結論……………………………………………………………………………… 67
5.2 理論與實務上的意涵………………………………………………………………… 70
5.3 研究限制與建議……………………………………………………………………… 71
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………………………… 72
附錄………………………………………………………………………………………… 79
簡歷………………………………………………………………………………………… 83

表目錄
表2.1 Hunt & Auster的企業環境管理發展階段…………………………………… 13
表2.2 Berry & Rondinelli的環境管理反應模式………………………………… 14
表2.3 Hart的環境管理歷程…………………………………………………………… 15
表2.4 環境績效的評估方式…………………………………………………………… 17
表2.5 環境狀態指標 (ECIs)………………………………………………………… 21
表2.6 管理績效指標(MPIs)………………………………………………………… 22
表2.7 作業績效指標 (OPIs) ………………………………………………………… 23
表2.8 VRIO架構………………………………………………………………………… 29
表2.9 資源基礎的觀念彙整…………………………………………………………… 30
表2.10 各國之中小企業定量定義彙整表……………………………………………… 32
表2.11 台灣中小企業定義演變過程彙整表…………………………………………… 34
表3.1 研究假設彙整…………………………………………………………………… 39
表3.2 台灣製造業企業之行業分類…………………………………………………… 44
表4.1 各量表之信度分析……………………………………………………………… 47
表4.2 抽樣比例與問卷回收率………………………………………………………… 49
表4.3 受訪企業之特性………………………………………………………………… 49
表4.4 受訪者背景……………………………………………………………………… 51
表4.5 樣本特性分析…………………………………………………………………… 52
表4.6 各變數之相關分析……………………………………………………………… 57
表4.7 迴歸方程式之內容……………………………………………………………… 59
表4.8 可用資源和企業規模與環境管理之迴歸分析………………………………… 62
表4.9 可用資源和企業規模與環境績效之迴歸分析………………………………… 65
表4.10 假設驗證結果分析……………………………………………………………… 66
表5.1 相關文獻及其研究結果之彙整………………………………………………… 68

圖目錄
圖1.1 研究流程………………………………………………………………………… 4
圖2.1 Carroll(1993)的企業社會責任金字塔模型………………………………… 7
圖2.2 ISO 14031 環境績效評估指標之架構……………………………………… 20
圖2.3 資源基礎理論(RBT)的策略分析架構………………………………………… 26
圖2.4 資源特性與持久性競爭優勢間的關係………………………………………… 28
圖3.1 研究架構………………………………………………………………………… 36
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