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研究生:紀志華
研究生(外文):Zhi-Hua Ji
論文名稱:應用智慧型影像感測器之汽車保全系統設計
論文名稱(外文):The Design of Vehicle Surveillance System with Intelligent Image Sensor
指導教授:高富建高富建引用關係
指導教授(外文):fu-chien Kao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:嵌入式系統智慧型影像感測器影像辨識
外文關鍵詞:Embedded System、Intelligent Image Sensor、Image Identification
相關次數:
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以往當車輛被人入侵而遭竊、抑或當車輛停在停車場、路邊遭人碰撞,事後往往只能被動調閱錄影監視器查看相關可疑人物,缺乏一個主動警報的汽車保全系統。本研究提出一應用智慧型影像感測器之汽車保全系統設計,結合全球衛星定位系統(GPS)、以及嵌入式系統的整合,利用具有剔除光線明暗變化的智慧型影像感測器擷取影像像素值,辨識是否有人入侵車輛、並結合碰撞感測器判斷車輛是否遭受到碰撞;當車輛遭受到入侵或碰撞,汽車保全系統會主動即時傳送SMS(Short Message Service)通知車主並紀錄目前車輛GPS 的定位訊號,透過GPRS傳回相關資料到後端資料庫,讓使用者可以隨時隨地利用網際網路查詢目前車輛相關訊息達到汽車保全的效果。
The owners could at most passively look at footage from surveillance camera recordings and look for the culprit when vehicles were broken into and stolen or when parked vehicles in parking lots or along roads were damaged due to incautious hit. Therefore, a vehicle security system that has the capability to actively alert owners is indeed needed. This study proposed a design for an intelligent vehicle security system featuring an intelligent image sensor in this research, and it has incorporated a global positioning satellite system (GPS) in an embedded system. The system works by utilizing a smart image sensor that has the capability to eliminate the effect of the brightness and raise the identification rate, which effectively help the system to determine if someone is trying to break into the vehicle. In addition, a crash sensor has been built into the system to determine if the vehicle has been hit by another vehicle. The proposed surveillance system will automatically notify its owner through short message service (SMS) and track the vehicle’s current location using the GPS system when the vehicle has been broken into or hit. The system will then transmit relevant information through GPRS to the remote database designed to provide the users to inspect various information regarding the car at any time through the Internet to accomplish the task of ensuring security for the vehicle.
封面內頁
簽名頁
博碩士論文暨電子檔案上網授權書 iii
中文摘要 iv
ABSTRACT v
誌謝 vi
目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xi

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 1
1.3 論文架構 2
第二章 相關研究 4
2.1 相關研究 4
2.2 GSM/GPRS 7
2.2.1 GSM系統架構 7
2.3 GPRS 9
2.3.1 GPRS架構 10
2.4 GPS定位技術 11
2.4.1 GPS 誤差來源 13
第三章 所提出應用智慧型影像感測器之汽車保全系統設計 15
3.1 前端訊號擷取 15
3.1.1 CMOS Camera Module 16
3.1.2 碰撞感測器 19
3.1.3 光敏電阻 21
3.1.4 光電轉換電壓與像素差異關係 21
3.1.5 GPS Module 25
3.2 ARM-START KIT 30
3.3 嵌入式系統控制中心 33
3.3.1 嵌入式系統簡介 34
3.3.2 嵌入式系統開發環境 35
3.3.3 嵌入式系統開發流程 35
3.3.4 嵌入式應用程式開發流程 37
3.3.5 Samsung S3C4510 ARM7TDMI微處理器 41
3.3.6 相關硬體規格及描述 43
3.4 GSM/GPRS MODULE 45
3.4.1 AT Command 使用 46
3.5 後端伺服器 49
第四章 實驗結果 50
4.1 GPS、光敏電阻、碰撞感測器訊號擷取 50
4.2 智慧型影像辨識系統 52
4.3 使用者查詢介面 56
第五章 結論 58
參考文獻 60
[1]http://www.sks.com.tw/ ,新光保全
[2]智慧型影像感測器設計, 李承翰, 大葉大學資訊工程研究所, Feb. 2007
[3]Chin E. Lin; Chan-Wei Hsu; Yung Sheng Li;”Verification of Remote Vehicle Control Using Mobile Communication” , Sensors for Industry Conference,Feb.2005,Page(s):111–117
[4]Lin, C.E.; Hsu, C.W.; Li, Y.S.; “Enhancement of GPRS surveillance system into real time control”, Industrial Electronics Society, 2005. IECON 2005. 32nd Annual Conference of IEEE.6-10 Nov. 2005 Page(s):6 pp.
[5]Vilela, J.P.T.; Valenzuela, J.C.M.; “Design and implementation of a wireless remote data acquisition system for mobile applications”, Design of Reliable Communication Networks, 2005. (DRCN 2005). Proceedings.5th International Workshop on
16-19 Oct. 2005 Page(s):8 pp.
[6]以視覺為主的智慧型車輛導航之研究, 蔡尚錚,東華大學電機工程研究所,July 2002
[7]Lin, C.E.; Li, C.C.; Yeh, J.H,”A handy surveillance system for e-life applications”, Industrial Technology, 2005. ICIT 2005. IEEE International Conference on 14-17 Dec. 2005 Page(s):242 – 247
[8]Yu-Wei Huang; Shun-Chien Chang; Chih-Hung Wu, “GPRS-Based Embedded Remote Power Management System”, Sensors for Industry Conference, Feb. 2005, Page(s):105 - 110
[9]Ming Li, RuiMin Hu, Ge Gao, Wei Li, Zhongyuan Wang,”Embedded Video Surveillance System for Vehicle over WLAN and CDMA1X” Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing, 2005. Proceedings. 2005 International Conference on Volume 2, 23-26 Sept. 2005 Page(s):1292 - 1295
[10]Vehicle GPS Real Time Monitoring Communication System Base on GPRS/CSD,Jianping Xing; Jun Zhang; Weiye Li; Hebin Cheng; Xiaohui Shi; Changqing Li;Intelligent Control and Automation, 2006. WCICA 2006. The Sixth World Congress on
Volume 2, 21-23 June 2006 Page(s):8745 - 8749
[11]he Development of M3S-Based GPS Navchair and Tele-Monitor SystemYi-Hui Wu; Bing-Yuh Lu; Heng-Yin Chen; Yao Ou-Yang; Jin-shin Lai; Te-Son Kuo; Fok-Ching Chong;Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2005. IEEE-EMBS 2005. 27th Annual International Conference of the 2005 Page(s):4052 - 4055
[12]ehicle GPS Real Time Monitoring Communication System Base on GPRS/CSD,Jianping Xing; Jun Zhang; Weiye Li; Hebin Cheng; Xiaohui Shi; Changqing Li;Intelligent Control and Automation, 2006. WCICA 2006. The Sixth World Congress on
Volume 2, 21-23 June 2006 Page(s):8745 - 8749
[13]http://www.garmin.com.tw/aboutGPS/index.htm
[14]http://mail.nkmu.edu.tw/~cyhsieh/GPS.pdf
[15]ARM內核嵌入式SOC實作, 新華電腦股份有限公司, 全華出版社
[16]Embedded uClinux在PreSOCes上實作, 新華電腦股份有限公司, 全華出版社
[17]http://designer.mech.yzu.edu.tw/
[18]鳥哥的Linux私房菜, http://linux.vbird.org/
[19]http://www.uclinux.org/
[20]http://www.busybox.net/
[21]http://www.uclibc.org/toolchains.html
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