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研究生:簡廷諺
研究生(外文):Ting-Yen Chien
論文名稱:導航系統於路口轉向介面呈現方式與維度對於駕駛績效及安全性之影響
論文名稱(外文):The effect of GPS interface display and dimension to driving performance and security at the corner
指導教授:林清同林清同引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-Torng Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系碩士班
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:衛星導航系統介面呈現維度資訊量
外文關鍵詞:GPSInterface displayDimensionInformation
相關次數:
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根據市場調查研究發現,全球使用衛星導航系統的人口有逐漸上升的趨勢,其中台灣地區的道路狀況十分複雜,轉彎路口的肇事率為一般道路之冠,在轉彎的事故之中,分心為最主要因素。因此,在轉彎時利用最短的時間來觀察導航系統介面將會是一個重要的議題。
雖然國內外已有些許研究探討行車時使用衛星導航系統對駕駛績效的影響,但是在維度與資訊量這兩方面都有不同的研究結果且在安全性這方面的研究又極為少數,並大都侷限於虛擬實境的駕駛實驗,對於實車駕駛研究方面仍然是付之闕如。
本研究基於上述原因採用實驗設計法,透過30位受測者探討維度與資訊量不同的導航顯示介面,對於駕駛者績效與安全性上之影響,其中包含眼部停留時間、觀看導航系統次數、心智負荷、作業錯誤率以及好用度主觀評比。研究發現維度2D介面較維度3D介面安全;維度3D介面較維度2D介面錯誤率低。低資訊量介面較高資訊量介面安全;高資訊量介面較低資訊量介面錯誤率低。研究結論在業界實務上提供導航系統設計者新的思維方向,並可提供使用者在購買商品及使用時之參考效標。
According to the research of market investigation, the population to use GPS on earth has been rising, especially the road design in Taiwan is not quite simple, the car accidents at intersection area is the number 1 of the all, the major factor of this is distraction. Therefore, to observe the GPS interface within the shortest time while driving will be a very important issue for the traffic safety.
Although there have been part of the research in domestic or overseas probe into using GPS while driving and its influences of driving performance, however, it shows different results for both sides in dimension and information research, also there is extremely limited research in security aspect and focuses on driving experiments of virtual reality mostly, however, there is still shortage of the real car driving research.
In this study, 30 testers explore the various dimension and information that they cause different GPS interface by experimental design. To the influences of performance and security that it includes five dependent variables. The study has found that 2D interface is safer than 3D interface and 3D interface has lower false percentage than 2D ones. Low informative interface is safer than high informative interface and high informative dimension has lower false percentage than lower informative interface. The conclusion of the study has offered GPS designers new thinking direction in business practices as well as it has given users referential indicators when purchase and use GPS merchandises.
內容目錄
中文摘要 ..................... iii
英文摘要 ..................... iiii
誌謝辭 ...................... v
內容目錄 ..................... vi
表目錄  ..................... viii
圖目錄  ..................... x
第一章  研究背景、動機與目的........... 1
  第一節  研究背景............... 1
  第二節  研究動機............... 3
第三節 研究目的............... 6
第四節 研究流程............... 7
第五節 研究限制............... 8
第二章  文獻回顧................. 9
  第一節  車用導航系統............. 9
  第二節  導航資訊呈現方式........... 10
  第三節  導航機種............... 12
第四節 駕駛注意力.............. 14
第五節 導航介面影響安全性.......... 17
第六節 心智負荷............... 18
第七節 實車研究............... 25
第三章  研究方法................. 27
  第一節  實驗設計............... 27
  第二節  受試者................ 32
第三節 實驗設備............... 33
第四節 路徑規劃............... 39
第五節 問卷設計............... 40
第六節 實驗程序............... 42
第四章  研究結果與討論.............. 43
  第一節  維度與資訊量對眼部停留導航系統時...
間之影響............... 44
  第二節  維度與資訊量對觀看導航系統次數之...
影響................. 46
  第三節  維度與資訊量對錯誤次數之影響..... 48
  第四節  維度與資訊量對眨眼率之影響...... 50
  第五節  維度與資訊量對「易學習性」之影響... 50
  第六節  維度與資訊量對「高效率性」之影響... 52
  第七節  維度與資訊量對「易記憶性」之影響... 54
  第八節  維度與資訊量對「低錯誤率」之影響... 56
  第九節  維度與資訊量對「高滿意度」之影響... 58
第五章  研究結論與未來發展............ 61
  第一節  研究結論與建議............ 61
  第二節  未來發展............... 64
參考文獻 ..................... 66
附錄  好用度主觀評量問卷............. 73


表目錄
表 1- 1 全球車用電子市場規模表 ............ 2
表 1- 2 車內導航、行動電話與交通事故的關係表 ..... 3
表 2- 1 維度文獻比較表............... 10
表 2- 2 資訊量文獻比較表.............. 11
表 2- 3 PAPAGO版本演進史............. 13
表 2- 4 MIO版本演進史............... 14
表 2- 5 心智負荷衡量標準文獻比較表......... 22
表 2- 6 實車研究與實驗室研究比較表......... 25
表 2- 7 實車測試文獻比較表............. 26
表 3- 1 實驗因子設計................ 30
表 3- 2 受測者駕駛熟練程度分佈表 .......... 32
表 3- 3 MIO C710導航系統規格概述表......... 33
表 3- 4 GONAV圖資PAPAGO導航系統規格概述表.... 34
表 3- 5 筆記型電腦配備表............... 34
表 3- 6 視訊攝影機配備表............... 35
表 3- 7 決策干擾路段表................ 40
表 4- 1 停留時間平均數與標準差............ 44
表 4- 2 平均停留時間變異數分析表........... 45
表 4- 3 觀看次數平均數與標準差............ 46
表 4- 4 平均觀看次數變異數分析表........... 47
表 4- 5 錯誤次數平均數與標準差............ 48
表 4- 6 平均錯誤次數變異數分析表........... 49
表 4- 7 問項四平均級分與標準差............ 51
表 4- 8 問項四平均級分變異數分析表.......... 51
表 4- 9 問項一平均級分與標準差............ 53
表 4- 10 問項一平均級分變異數分析表.......... 53
表 4- 11 問項二平均級分與標準差............ 55
表 4- 12 問項二平均級分變異數分析表.......... 55
表 4- 13 問項三平均級分與標準差............ 57
表 4- 14 問項三平均級分變異數分析表.......... 57
表 4- 15 問項五平均級分與標準差............ 59
表 4- 16 問項五平均級分變異數分析表.......... 59
一、中文部份
市場研究機構ABI http://www.alliedworld.com/
宇達電通 http://www.mio-tech.com.tw/
李永輝(2003),使用衛星導航系統之駕駛行為分析,國科會研究計畫,52~54頁。
吳昭興(2000),應用GPS GIS於汽車導航系統設計之研究,國立臺灣大學造船及海洋工程學研究所未出版之碩士論文,4。
周宏儒(2003),車用導航系統產品之選擇行為,國立交通大學交通運輸研究所未出版之碩士論文,58~59。
拓墣產業研究所 http://www.topology.com.tw/
研勤科技 http://www.papago.com.tw/
陳木炯(2003),臺灣醫師心智負荷量表之發展與建立,中國醫藥大學醫務管理研究所未出版之碩士論文。
郭志忠(2002),車用語音及相關技術議題綜述,電腦與通訊,100,88-94。
莊忠益(2003),車用電腦控制介面之階層式選單對駕駛績效之影響,國立清華大學工業工程與工業管理研究所人因工程組未出版之碩士論文,73。
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French, R. L. (1990). In-vehicle navigation-status and safety impacts. Technical Papers from ITE’s 1990,1989, and 1988 conference, 226-235
Green, P. (1993). Measures and methods to assess the safety and usability of driver information systems. Technical Report (UMTRI-93-12). Federal Highway Administration, McLean, Virginia, USA.
Green, P. (1999). The 15-second Rule for Driver Information Systems. ITS America Ninth Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings, Washington, D.C.
Green, P. (2001). Safeguards for On-Board Wireless Communications. Presentation at second Annual Plastics in Automotive Safety Conference, Tory, Michigan.
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Laura, K. T., Marcus, T., Christian, L., Heiner, B., & Gudrun K. (2006). Effect of active cruise control design on glance behavior and driving performance. The 16th World Congress on Ergonomics (International Ergonomics Association, IEA), Maastricht, Netherlands.
Liu, Y. C., (2001). Comparative study of the effects of auditory, visual, and multi-modality displays on driver's performance in Advanced Traveler Information Systems, Ergonomics, 44(4), 425-442.
Motoyuki, A. & Matsutaro, Y. (1997). Analysis of Driving a Car With a Navigation System in an Urban Area. In Y. I. Noy (Ed), Ergonomics and safety of intelligent driver interfaces, 85-95. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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