(3.235.108.188) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/26 18:57
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:邱嫈蓮
研究生(外文):Ying-Lien Chiu
論文名稱:自然通風型宿舍熱環境舒適要求之實測調查研究
論文名稱(外文):A Field Sturdy on Thermal Comfort Requirements for natural ventilation Dormitories
指導教授:鄭明仁鄭明仁引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:建築所
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:中性溫度喜好溫度熱舒適
外文關鍵詞:Thermal comfortNeutral temperaturePreference
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:511
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:130
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
學校宿舍,就像學生第二個家一樣,而學生宿舍如何提供健康、舒適、安全、高效率室內熱舒適性環境,對學生學習及能源共用有正面的影響。
本文以中部某大學校園內自然通風的學生宿舍,以住宿學生為對象,以現場實測和問卷調查兩種方法同步進行熱舒適性的調查。從2005年三月到十二月之間,收集有效問卷共619份。藉由logistic回歸分析得到,住宿學生的熱中性操作溫度與熱喜好操作溫度分別發生在25.5℃和24.3℃。從學生回應熱不滿意度與熱感尺度的交叉分析可以推論台灣的學生期望有個中性偏涼的住宿環境。同時,雖然通風宿舍的熱環境大多數都在熱舒適區外,但有超過75%的受訪者表示可接受,顯示台灣的學生有較寬的舒適區。
本文的研究成果希望能在學校普遍處理舒適度問題時,能先了解適合學生的熱舒適性環境,而不是幾乎以完全地依賴機械設備來克服熱舒適性。不僅是為了避免熱環境不良產生的負作用,且能達到節約能源的效果外,還能使學生能認同此居住環境及達到學校能源共用的理想。
Campus accommodation is like a second home for most students and how to provide a healthy, comfortable, secure and an effective indoor thermal comfort environment will lead to positive effects on students’ learning and sharing energy resources.
In this context, Thermal comfortableness investigation has been carried out via field survey and questionnaires for the boarding students at one of the university in central Taiwan. A total of 619 effective questionnaires had been collected from March 2005 to December 2005. From a logistic feedback analysis, boarding students’ neutral and preference thermal operative temperatures are lain in 25.5℃and 24.3℃ respectively. In addition, through a cross analysis of students’ feedback on heat dissatisfaction and heat acceptance, it is to be concluded that Taiwanese students prefer to have a cool accommodation environment. Meanwhile, even though most accommodations in the campus are out side of the thermal comfort zone, more than 75% of the interviewees found it acceptable, which indicates that Taiwanese students have a wider acceptance of temperature.
The result of this research hopes to assist schools to understand the suitable thermal comfort environment for students and not to rely on machineries heavily and completely to overcome the heat problem whilst dealing with comfortableness issues. This is not only to prevent the negative effects produced by thermal environment, but also to save power and energy, and lastly to please students and accomplish the idea of sharing energy resources.
第一章 緒論
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究內容與流程 6

第二章 研究理論與計算公式的探討
2.1 人與環境的能量平衡 9
2.2 人體熱適應理論 12
2.3 影響人體熱舒適性之參數以及測量方法 14
2.4 ISO 7730 23
2.5 ASHRAE Standard 55 26

第三章 研究方法
3.1 調查對象 27
3.2 儀器設備 30
3.3 問卷內容 33
3.4 實測步驟 41


第四章 問卷與物理測定結果彙整
4.1 受測者背景資料 42
4.2 熱適應性行為 44
4.3 受測者的衣著量 46
4.4 物理測定數據彙整 48
4.5 受測者反應特性統計 51

第五章 實測結果與討論
5.1 熱接受度 58
5.2 受訪者熱接受、熱喜好以及熱感覺的交叉分析 60
5.3 熱敏感度 70
5.4 中性溫度 71
5.5 喜好溫度 75
5.6 熱可接受範圍 78
5.7 與其他文獻比較80

第六章 結論與後續研究
6.1 研究結論 84
6.2 後續研究 86
參考文獻 87
[1] ISO, International Standard 7730, Moderate thermal environments: determination of PMV and PPD indices and specification of the conditions for thermal comfort, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, 1994.
[2] ASHRAE, Standard 55-2004, Thermal environmental conditions for human occupancy, American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 1992.
[3] 夏一哉、趙榮義、江儀,北京市住宅環境熱舒適研究,暖通空調HV&AC,1999,29(2):1-5頁
[4] 紀秀玲、王保國、劉淑豔等,江浙地區非空調環境熱舒適研究, 北京理工大學學報, 2004年12月,第24卷第12期,1101~1103頁
[5] 黃教誠,大學教室熱舒適性範圍之實測調查研究,逢甲大學,2005年6月
[6] 羅明智、李百戰、徐小林,重慶夏季教室熱環境研究,重慶建築大學學報,2005年2月,第27卷,第1期, 88-91頁
[7] Jie Han,Guoqiang Zhang,Quan Zhang,Jianlong Liu,Liwei Tian,Cong Zheng,Junhong Hao,Lin,Yanhui Liu,Demetrios.
J.Moschandreas,Field study on occupants’thermal comfort and residential thermalenvironment in a hot-humid climate of china, Building and Environment,2007,(Article in press)


[8] DuBois, D. and E. F. DuBois, “A formula to estimate approximate surface area , if height and weight are known”, Archives of Internal Medicine 17:963-71, 1916.
[9] Brüel and Kjær, Thermal Comfort, INNOVA book company.
[10] McCullough, E.A. and B.W. Jones, “A comprehensive data
base for estimating clothing insulation”, IER Technical
Report84-01, 1984.
[11] Olesen, B.W. and R. Nielsen, “Thermal insulation of clothing measured on a moveable manikin and on human subjects”, 1983.
[12] Nishi, Y., R. R. Gonzalez, and A. P. Gagge, ”Direct measurement of clothing heat transfer properties during sensible and insensible heat exchange with thermal environment“, ASHRAE Transactions 81(2):183, 1975.
[13] ISO 9920, Ergonomics of the Thermal Environment-Estimation of the thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of a clothing ensemble, International Standards Organisation, Geneva, 1995.
[14] McCullough, E.A., B.W. Olesen and S. W. Hong, ”Thermal insulation provided by chairs”, ASHRAE Transactions 100(1), 1994.
[15] ISO, International Standard 7726, Ergonomics of the thermal environment-instruments for measuring physical quantities, 1998.
[16] ”Thermal Comfort”, 2005 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamental, Chapter 8.
[17] McIntyre DA. Indoor climate,london:Applied Science Publishers,1980
[18] M. A. Humphreys, J. F. Nicol, Outdoor temperature and indoor thermal comfort: raising the precision of the relationship for the 1998 ASHRAE database of field studies, ASHRAE Transactions, 106(2) 485-492 (2000).
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔