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研究生:雷宜學
研究生(外文):YI-HSUEH LAY
論文名稱:無線網路效能研究--以IPv4與IPv6傳輸效能為例
論文名稱(外文):A Research of Performance in Wireless LAN--A Case of Transmission Performance in IPv4 and IPv6
指導教授:王鄭慈王鄭慈引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Tzu Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:佛光大學
系所名稱:資訊學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:無線區域網路傳輸控制協定使用者資料包協定網際網路協定第六版傳輸效能
外文關鍵詞:Wireless LANTCPUDPIPv6Transmission Performance
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:69
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
隨著網際網路快速的發展手持移動設備的大量使用,無線區域網路已成為現今網路之基礎建設中不可或缺的ㄧ環,而正當網際網路大幅使用時,網際網路協定(Internet Protocol, IP)位址不足之問題也因此產生,目前在整個網際網路所使用的網際網路協定(IP)位址還是以第四版(IP Version 4, IPv4)為主,為解決網際網路協定(IP)位址不足之問題,網際網路工程任務小組(IETF)在1991年開始制定新一代之網際網路協定第六版(IP Version 6, IPv6)就由此而生,網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)不僅解決了網際網路協定第四版(IPv4)位址不足問題外,它更提供了移動性、安全性、及擴充性等多項功能,因此網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)必定會取代目前所使用的網際網路協定第四版(IPv4)協定,成為下一代的(Next Generation) 網際網路協定(IP)。
本論文研究主要目的是以實作的方式建置無線區域網路IEEE 802.11a、802.11b、802.11g環境、分別對網際網路協定第四版(IPv4)與網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)之封包實施傳輸控制協定(Transmission Control Protocol, TCP)與使用者資料包協定(User Datagram Protocol, UDP)傳輸效能測試,實驗結果在傳輸控制協定(TCP)部分,網際網路協定第四版(IPv4)與網際網路協定第六板(IPv6)的傳輸效能均相同,而在使用者資料包協定(UDP)之傳輸效能與封包遺失部分,網際網路協定第四版(IPv4)均優於網際網路協定第六版(IPv6),尤其在封包遺失率,網際網路協定第六板(IPv6)會發生嚴重封包遺失現象,經修正測試後,須調整使用者資料包協定(UDP)之資料包(Datagram)大小為1452byte,可解決封包遺失之問題,最後本論文也實作出以本校雲起樓218、219、220三間教室為基準,測試IEEE 802.11a、802.11b、802.11g在穿透障礙之最大傳輸距離,經實驗測試後IEEE 802.11a訊號只能涵蓋兩間以水泥牆為隔間教室,IEEE 802.11b與802.11g之訊號則可以涵蓋三間以水泥牆為隔間教室。
As the rapidly growth of the Internet and increasing the usage of mobile equipments, Wireless LAN has been a key role in the entire network environment. As a result, lack of the sufficient Internet Protocol (IP) address became a problem in these days. Currently, the IP address of the internet is based on the IP version 4 (IPv4). In order to solve the issue of the insufficient IP address, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) defined the Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) in 1991, which not only did it provide a solution to the insufficient IP address, but it also included other functions in the mobility, security, and expendability. Therefore, the Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) will replace the Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) in the near future.。
The purpose of this research is to build a Wireless LAN IEEE 802.11a、802.11b、802.11g environment in which the tests in the areas of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) throughput and User Diagram Protocol (UDP) throughput for Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) and Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) are performed. Besides, it will also find the largest transmission distance while going through the obstacles in the environment of IEEE 802.11a、802.11b、802.11g. The results for TCP transmission performance test were the same for IPv4 & IPv6. While using UDP, IPv4 was better in the transmission performance and the packet loss than IPv6. IPv6, particularly, had a serious problem in the packet loss. However, this problem got solved by adjusting the test datagram to 1452 byte. This research also set up a test environment in the rooms 218, 219 and 220 of the Yun-Chi Hall of the scholl to test passing-through capability for IEEE 802.11a、IEEE 802.11b and IEEE 802.11g configuration. I found that IEEE 802.11b and IEEE 802.11g signals could pass two cement-wall classrooms and only one cement-wall classroom for IEEE 802.11a。
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
第一章、緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究目的 1
1.3論文架構 2
第二章、文獻探討 3
2.1無線網路技術 3
2.1.1無線廣域網路 3
2.1.2無線區域網路 4
2.1.3無線個人網路 5
2.2無線區域網路標準 5
2.3無線區域網路作業模式 8
2.3.1基礎架構模式(Infrastructure Mode) 9
2.3.2簡易模式(AD-Hoc Mode) 10
2.4網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)簡介 10
2.4.1網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)表頭格式 12
2.4.2網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)位址的類型 16
2.5網際網路控制訊息協定第六版(ICMPv6) 20
2.5.1網際網路控制訊息協定第六版(ICMPv6)錯誤訊息 20
2.5.2網際網路控制訊息協定第六版(ICMPv6)資料訊息 21
2.6網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)鄰近點探索 21
2.6.1路由器邀請與路由器公告訊息 22
2.6.2鄰近點邀請與鄰近點公告訊息 23
2.6.3位址自動組態設定 24
2.7傳輸控制協定(TCP)與使用者資料包協定(UDP) 25
2.7.1傳輸控制協定(TCP) 25
2.7.2使用者資料包協定(UDP) 26
第三章、研究方法 27
3.1研究架構 27
3.2研究工具 28
3.2.1軟體工具 28
3.2.2硬體工具 28
3.3實驗系統環境建置 29
3.3.1實驗環境1-基礎測試 32
3.3.2實驗環境2-進階測試 33
第四章、實驗結果分析 34
4.1傳輸控制協定(TCP)效能測試 34
4.1.1 IEEE802.11a傳輸控制協定(TCP)效能測試 34
4.1.2 IEEE802.11b傳輸控制協定(TCP)效能測試 41
4.1.3 IEEE802.11g傳輸控制協定(TCP)效能測試 50
4.2 使用者資料包協定(UDP)效能測試 59
4.2.1 IEEE802.11a使用者資料包協定(UDP)效能測試 59
4.2.2 IEEE802.11b使用者資料包協定(UDP)效能測試 67
4.2.3 IEEE802.11g使用者資料包協定(UDP)效能測試 77
4.2.4網際網路協定第六版(IPv6)封包遺失問題修正測試 88
4.3 IEEE802.11a、802.11b、802.11g穿透測試 89
第五章、結論與後續研究方向 92
5.1結論與貢獻 92
5.2後續研究方向 93
參考文獻 94
[1] S. Deering and R. Hinden, “Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification,” RFC 2460, December 1998.
[2] Nen-Fu Huang; Han-Chieh Chao; Reen-Cheng Wang; Whai-En Chen and Tzu-Fang Sheu, “ The IPv6 Deployment and Project in Taiwan,” Application and Internet Workshops.2003.Proceedings, pp 157-160, January 2003.
[3] G. Xylomenos and G.C. Polyzos, “TCP and UDP performance over a wireless LAN,” INFOCOM 99. Eighteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies Proceedings IEEE, Vol. 2, pp 439–446, March 1999.
[4] N. Baghaei and R. Hunt, “Security performance of loaded IEEE 802.11b wireless networks,” Computer communications, Vol. 27, pp 1746-1756, November 2004.
[5] A. Balachandran, G. Voelker, P. Bahl and P. Rangan, “Characterizing user behavior and network performance in a public wireless LAN,” ACM SIGMETRICS 2002 international conference on Measurement and modeling of computer systems, Vol. 30 Issue 1, Marina Del Rey, pp. 195-205, June, 2002
[6] A. Lindgren, A. Almquist and O. Schelen, “Evaluation of quality of service schemes for IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs,” Local Computer Networks 2001. Proceedings, pp 348–351, November 2001.
[7] A. Tirumala, F. Qin, J. Dugan and J. Ferguson, ”Iperf Version 1.62”, from http://dast.nlanr.net/Projects/Iperf/, May 2002.
[8] S. Zeadally, R. Wasseem and I. Raicu, “Comparison of end-system IPv6 protocol stacks,” Communications, IEE Proceedings 2004, pp. 238- 242, Vol. 151, June 2004.
[9] IEEE 802.11 WG, Reference number ISO/IEC 8802-11:1999(E) IEEE Std 802.11, 1999 ed.
[10] IEEE 802.11a, Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) specifications: High-speed Physical Layer in the 5 GHz Band, IEEE Std 802.11a-1999.
[11] IEEE 802.11b, Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) specifications: Higher-speed Physical Layer Extension in the 2.4 GHz Band, IEEE Std 802.11b-1999.
[12] IEEE 802.11g, Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) specifications: Further Higher Data Rate Extension in the 2.4 GHz Band, IEEE Std 802.11g-2003.
[13] Thomson and T. Narten, “IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration,” RFC 2462, December 1998.
[14] C. Perkins, J. Bound, “DHCP for IPv6,” Proceedings of ICSS’98, on Computers and Communications, pp. 493 – 497, July 1998.
[15] J. Solomon, “Applicability Statement for IP Mobility Support,” RFC 2005, October 1996.
[16] D. Johnson, C. Perkins and J, Arkko, “Mobility Support in IPv6,” RFC 3775, June 2004.
[17] R. Coltun, D. Ferguson and J. Moy, “OSPF for IPv6,” RFC 2740 December 1999.
[18] G. Malkinand and R. Minnear, “RIPng for IPv6,” RFC 2080, January 1997.
[19] C. E. Hopps, “Routing IPv6 with IS-IS,” IETF Draft 2003.
[20] T. Bates, Y. Rekhter, R. Chandra and D. Katz, “Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4,” IETF RFC 2858, June 2000.
[21] A. Conta and S. Deering, “Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6) for the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Specification,” RFC 2463, December 1998.
[22] T. Narten, E. Nordmark and W. Simpson, “Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6(IPv6),” RFC 2461, December 1998.
[23] Y. Rekhter, B. Moskowitz, D. Karrenberg, G. J. de Groot and E. Lear, “Address Allocation for Private Internets,” RFC 1918, Feb. 1996.
[24] Cisco Systems Inc., Data sheet for cisco aironet 1130AG series, 2004.
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