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研究生:黃瑞萱
研究生(外文):Rui-Xuan Huang
論文名稱:奈米金簇表面分子膜化學結構與氣體感測行為模式之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Investigation on Shell Structure of Monolayer Protected Gold nano-Clusters and The Behavior of Vapor Sensing
指導教授:呂家榮呂家榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-Jung Lu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:化學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:金奈米顆粒氣體感測器
外文關鍵詞:MPCgas sensorgold nanoparticle
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本研究利用單層有機分子膜包覆的奈米金簇(Monolayer Protected gold nano-Cluster, MPC)作為氣體感測的材料,由於奈米金簇包覆分子薄膜後,其對於有機氣體的吸附特性可由薄膜表面所包覆的官能基來控制,因此提出由於MPC之間具有引力,當不同氣體分子進入時,將會造成微觀的訊號變化,而為了驗證以上假說,本研究利用四種不同結構的硫醇合成AuC8、AuEster、MixCOOH及MixPT等四種感測材料,並配合指狀電極與石英微量天平的使用,量測及記錄有機氣體感測時的電阻變化和MPC薄膜吸附有機氣體分子的質量變化,進而探討奈米金簇因表面硫醇結構的不同以及環境溫度上的變化,其對於氣體分子之訊號、靈敏度以及選擇性變化的研究,證明奈米金簇薄膜之表面結構及環境溫度均會影響氣體感測之結果。由本研究發現,當MPC薄膜之硫醇結構具有內部極性結構以及外部長碳鏈等兩種官能基時,其對於極性氣體感測靈敏度最好,而利用短鏈極性官能基配合長碳鏈硫醇進行表面置換反應後所得到兩種MPC,證明其對於含氫鍵的極性氣體有較好的吸附現象,並提出其氣體的感測模式,最後由LSER的理論分析後證明兩種感測裝置均會受到溫度的影響,且變化量與溫度倒數成正比。
Monolayer Protected gold nano-Clusters(MPC)are synthesized and characterized as sorptive layers on chemical sensors. The vapor sensing properties are influenced by the structure of monolayer forming molecules. Hence, we propose that when MPC monolayer shell ligand is exposed to different organic vapors, the interaction among MPC monolayer shell ligand influences the magnitude of response. In order to test our hypothesis, we prepare 4 different MPC to demonstrate the responses of chemical vapors adsorbed on the various nanoparticle films are influenced by monolayer composition of MPC and environment temperature. Interdigitated microelectrode (IDE) and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) are used for measuring the correlation of the electronic resistance change and the mass loading with vapor sorption. We found that MPC has best sensitivity to polar solvents when MPC contains multiple coupled functional group that interior part existence polar functional groups and exterior part existence alkane groups, As this finding, we conclude a vapor sensing model which is adaptable to explain the relation of interaction between MPC and organic vapor. Both IDE and QCM are influence by temperature. In the presence of organic vapor, the change of response measured by IDE and QCM are linear propotional to 1/T.
目錄.........................................................................................................ⅰ
圖目錄....................................................................................................ⅳ
表目錄....................................................................................................ⅶ
第一章 緒論............................................................................................1
1.1 前言...................................................................................................1
1.2 奈米微粒基本理論...........................................................................2
1.2.1 量子尺寸效應................................................................................2
1.2.2 小尺寸效應....................................................................................3
1.2.3 表面效應........................................................................................3
1.3 奈米材料結構...................................................................................4
1.4 奈米顆粒的製備-合成方法..............................................................6
1.5 導電性奈米顆粒結構及組成檢測...................................................9
1.6 奈米顆粒應用.................................................................................10
1.6.1 阻抗式化學感測器之氣體感測理論..........................................10
1.6.2 氣體感測器發展..........................................................................12
1.6.3 表面置換反應..............................................................................15
1.7 石英微量天平介紹.........................................................................19
1.7.1 壓電效應......................................................................................19
1.7.2 震盪頻率與吸附質量關係..........................................................21
1.7.3 線性溶合能量關係......................................................................24
第二章 實驗方法與步驟 ....................................................................27
2.1 藥品及儀器設備.............................................................................27
2.1.1 實驗藥品及試劑..........................................................................27
2.1.2 儀器設備......................................................................................28
2.2 實驗流程.........................................................................................31
2.3 MPC 合成步驟................................................................................31
2.3.1 MPC 合成-AuC8..........................................................................32
2.3.2 MPC 合成-AuEster .....................................................................33
2.3.3 MPC 合成-MixCOOH ................................................................34
2.3.4 MPC 合成-MxPT ........................................................................35
2.4 微小指狀電極基板之矽烷化.........................................................36
2.5 鍍膜控制.........................................................................................37
2.6 氣體感測系統.................................................................................37
2.6.1 氣體生成系統及加熱裝置..........................................................37
2.6.2 資料擷取系統..............................................................................39
第三章 結果與討論..............................................................................44
3.1 過去實驗結果與探討.....................................................................44
3.2 奈米金粒子光譜鑑定與粒徑分析.................................................46
3.3 鍍膜控制.........................................................................................48
3.4 應用於有機感測之MPC 塗佈量探討...........................................50
3.5 四種MPC 感測器對於有機氣體感測訊號探討...........................51
3.6 數據處理.........................................................................................53
3.7 MPC 薄膜結構對於氣體感測現象之影響探討............................55
3.8 溫度對於氣體感測結果影響探討.................................................70
3.8.1 溫度對於氣體辨識之影響探討..................................................70
3.8.2 溫度對於質量式感測器之氣體感測結果影響探討..................77
3.8.3 溫度對於阻抗式感測器之氣體感測結果影響探討..................80
第四章 結論...........................................................................................83
第五章 參考文獻...................................................................................85
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