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研究生:謝華貿
研究生(外文):Andrew, Hua-mao Hsieh
論文名稱:積極主動、忠誠與貞潔:《雅歌》中的書拉密女子對愛情持之以恆、始終如一之三要件
論文名稱(外文):ACTIVE LOVE, LOVE OF INTEGRITY AND CHASTITY: THREE COMPONENTS OF THE SHULAMMITE MAIDEN’S CONSTANCY OF LOVE IN THE LOVE STORY OF THE SONG OF SOLOMON
指導教授:康士林康士林引用關係
指導教授(外文):Nicholas Koss
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:《雅歌》積極主動 忠誠 貞潔
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《雅歌》的內容出於對話的形式。對話的人物主要有以色列的君王所羅門、牧羊人及他的愛人書拉密女子。這本書強調一個感人的主題─書拉密女子對牧人情郎的愛情。由於《雅歌》對書拉密女子與牧羊人之間那種堅貞高尚的愛情作了有力的描寫,這種獨有的特色使得本書在聖經中的正典地位備受確立。
書中的女主角書拉密女子所表現的忠貞不二、始終如一的愛的確歷久如新,價值永在。書拉密女子對牧人情郎表現出的這般主動熱切、無可動搖的忠貞之愛,令人印象深刻。為了深入了解及加深對書拉密女子的體會,本文將從積極主動、忠誠與貞潔這三方面的論點來探討書拉密女子如何證明她對牧羊人堅定不移、能夠經得起考驗的愛情。
第一章旨在探討書拉密女子的愛情觀是既積極又主動的。藉著細心查考分析《雅歌》書中的篇幅章節,得以瞭解女主角對愛情的這種積極主動如何敦促激勵她個人切切想念心上人,進而對牧人情郎表現出渴望能夠長相廝守的戀慕之情。
第二章將著重於論述書拉密女子情有獨鐘、堅定自持的愛情觀。類似地,藉由細心分析《雅歌》裡篇幅章節與對照上下文,瞭解到女主角這種緊守忠誠的原則之愛不但強化她個人不因試探或引誘就移情別戀,同時她的道德力量和堅強的信心也令她看來更加美麗動人,無可取代。
第三章則是闡述《雅歌》書中的核心信息。《雅歌》表明真戀人的貞潔無瑕之美。書拉密女子的這種真愛是永不能征服,永不消失和永不能買得的。縱使她感情豐富、積極主動,她的感情卻是基於純潔堅貞的思想,與行為相輔相成的。書拉密女子這種貞潔自律的美德表明自己已成熟穩定、潔身自愛。
最後,本論文歸論,藉著分析及歸納書拉密女子的愛情觀與榜樣,可以確信積極主動、忠誠與貞潔這三要件不但使得未婚男女彼此更親近,更能為將來建立恆久的親密關係,有情人終成眷屬。
The Song of Solomon mainly depicts the romantic relationship involving the main characters: the Shulammite maiden, her beloved shepherd lover, and King Solomon the suitor. Its powerful portrayal of the exquisite quality of mutual love between the shepherd and his lovely Shulammite maiden marks The Song of Solomon for its unique place in the Biblical canon.
The main reason why I am interested in this love story of The Song of Solomon is its poetic illustration of the beauty of what an enduring and constant love can and should be. The Shulammite, the protagonist in the story of The Song of Solomon, has been recognized as an active girl in her pursuit and expression of a mutual love for her beloved shepherd lover, and her faithfulness and loyalty as well. By carefully analyzing the account from the standpoints of this unnamed maiden, we may find that there are arguably three influential components in the Shulammite’s attitudes and action in her rejecting King Solomon’s advances, while anticipating her shepherd lover at the same time, that is: her active love, love of integrity and chastity. These three components of action actively and deeply influence the Shulammite’s self-consciousness in the pursuit of her beloved lover.
In Chapter Two, I will discuss one of the discernible aspects of the Shulammite’s existing constancy of love, namely, her active and positive love emotion towards her shepherd lover since she’s a child. Besides finding inducible textual evidence from the verses of The Song of Solomon, I will also probe into the causality of why and how the Shulammite’s active love has become one of the crucial elements behind her attitudes towards a love relationship with someone she has fallen in love with. I too will define and discuss how the active love of the Shulammite maiden functions as motivator and can produce “self-conscious love devotion” to the shepherd lover.
In Chapter Three, I will examine how the resolution of Shulammite maiden’s love of integrity fortifies her unbridled tender affection and passion available only to the shepherd lover, while, simultaneously, also allowing her to maintain a high standard of physical, moral, and spiritual cleanness. In probing into the Shulammite maiden’s love of integrity, this morally-pervasive aspect of the Shulammite maiden’s existing constancy of love, with reference to the findings of textual evidence from the verses of The Song of Solomon, I will also discuss the causality of how the Shulammite maiden’s developed love of integrity.
In Chapter Four, I will examine how the chastity of the Shulammite maiden is basically the core of this love poem, the incorruption of the integrity of her love will eventually result in ‘moral dignity’: the manifestation of oneself as a person who deserves moral respect. The Shulammite maiden never trades in her chastity for a few moments of sexual gratification. Quite the contrary, she always holds on to her moral dignity and refuses to be mistreated, abused and especially humiliated when it comes to the values of chastity. And the Shulammite’s staying chaste, despite her intense love for the shepherd lover, does more than help herself avoid dire consequences.
By analyzing the Shulammite maiden, with reference to the comparison and contrast of various English versions of The Song of Solomon to see which translation bring out best what I take to meaning of the Shulammite maiden, we can be assured that these components not only explain why the courtship between the Shulammite maiden and the unnamed shepherd lover could succeed, but also rationalize how the three intermingled components lead to the glorious heights of union with her beloved lover.
Table of Contents


Signature Page ……….………….………….………….………….……….….… Ⅲ
Chinese Abstract ……….………….………….………….………….………...… Ⅳ
Title Page ……….………….………….………….………….……………….………Ⅵ
Acknowledgements ………...…..…………….………….………….….….…….. Ⅶ
Table of Contents …………………………..………………………….……..….. Ⅷ
Abstract …………………………..……………………………………….….…….. Ⅸ
Chapter One. Introduction: The Importance of The Song of Solomon ……….…........ 1
Chapter Two. The Active Love of the Shulammite Maiden ………….………...…... 18
Chapter Three. The Shulammite Maiden’s Love of Integrity ...…………...…...…… 37
Chapter Four. The Chastity of the Shulammite Maiden ………...…..…………..….. 56
Chapter Five. Conclusion: The Shulammite Maiden and The Song of Solomon ........ 77
Works Cited ………………………………..……………………………………….. 88
Works Cited
Primary Sources
Bartleby.com:The Bible:King James Version. 2006. Bartleby. 7 March 2006
<http://www.bartleby.com/108/>.
Bible.org: The New English Bible. 1970. Bible.org. March 2006
<http://www.bible.org/netbible/>.
Good News Bible: The Bible in Today's English Version. New York: American Bible Society. 1976.
< http://bibletools.org//index.cfm/fuseaction/Bible.show/sVerseID/1/eVerseID/1/
version/GNB/opt/comm/RTD/CGG>.
New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures. New York: Watch Tower Bible and Tract
Society of Pennsylvania. 1984
Pope, Marvin H. Song of Songs: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. New York: Doubleday. 1977.
Secondary Sources
General Introductions to the Song of Solomon
Bingham, Geoffrey. “Commentary: Song of Solomon (Love is stronger than death)” online posting. 1991. newcreation.org. 2006
<http://www.newcreation.org.au/books/covers/250.html>.
Bloom, Harold, ed. The Song of Songs. London: Croom Helm, 1986
“Canticle of Canticles,” New Advent Online. 6 October 2005.
<http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03302a.htm>.
Dennison, James T. Junior. “What should I read on the Song of Solomon?” The Online Journal of Biblical Theology, kerux.com. <http://www.kerux.com/documents/KeruxV8N2A3.asp>.
Dillow, Joseph C. ed. Ronald B. Allen, “Notes on the Book of the Song of Songs”
unpublished class notes, Dallas Theological Seminary.
Dine, Jim Van. “Song of Solomon” online posting. 2002. Sonic Light. 2002 <http:// www.soniclight.com/vandine/ analyses/pdf/Song of Solomon.pdf >.
Heidt,William G. The Canticle of Canticles. The Book of Wisdom. Collegeville: Human Life Center, 1979.
Miller, Jeff. Studies in Song of Songs. Bible.org. Nov. 2006.
<http://www.bible.org/series.php>.
Snaith, John G. “Song of Songs,” Journal of Theological Studies. 54(2003):195-96
Speckard, H. “Summary Interpretation of the Song of Solomon” online posting, Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary Library. Sep. 2006. <http://www.wlsessays.net/authors/S/SpeckardSolomon /SpeckardSolomon.pdf>.
Tanner, J. Paul. “The History of Interpretation of the Song of Songs.” Bibliotheca Sacra
154. Jan-Mar 1997: 23-46.
Tanner, J. Paul. “The Message of the Song of Songs.” Bibliotheca Sacra 154. Apr-Jun
1997: 142-61.
“The Shulamite Love Story” Wood, Larry. online posting. 2002.
<http://www.biblenews1.com/docs/shulamit.htm>.
“The Shulamite Woman in Song of Songs,” Ed. Kim F. Gilliland. Espanola Pastoral Charge, 2001, The United Church of Espanola, Canada <http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/we_dig_montana/Poetryp3.html.>.
Medieval Interpretations of the Song of Solomon
Astell, Ann W. The Song of Songs in the Middle Ages. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1990.
Bernard of Clairvaux, On the Song of Songs. Cistercian Fathers Series, trans. by Kilian
Walsh OCSO. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian. 1976. 4 vols. 1976-1980
Braceland, L. C. The Works of Gilbert of Hoyland, Sermons of the Song of Songs, Vol.1 Kalamazoo: Cistercian, 1978.
Kiecker, Dr. James G. “Luther and Lyra on the Song of Solomon: Were They Singing the Same Tune?” online posting. Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary Library, <http://www.wlsessays.net/authors/K/KieckerLyra/KieckerLyra.PDF>.
Matter, E. Ann. The Voice of My Beloved: The Song of Songs in Western Medieval Christianity. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania Press, 1990.
Wimsatt, James I. “St. Bernard, the Canticle of Canticles,and Mystical Poetry” Szarmach, Paul E. Ed. An Introduction to the Medieval Mystics of Europe. Albany: State U of New York P, 1984. 77-95.
Renaissance Interpretations of the Song of Solomon
Beauchamp, Lissa. "Canticles' Rhetoric of the Eroticized Soul and the Inscribed Body in Renaissance English Poetry." Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 65:12 (2005): 4571.
Flinker, Noam. The Song of Songs in English Renaissance Literature: Kisses of Their Mouths. Cambridge: Brewer, 2000.
17th Century Interpretations of the Song of Solomon
Ackerman, Jane Ellen. “The Presence of The Canticle of The Canticles in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Hispanic Poetry (Spain, Mexico)” DAI 44.1 (1983): 159A
Flinker, Noam. “Canticles and the Juxtaposition of Holy and Sexual in Seventeenth-Century England.” Biblical Patterns in Modern Literature. Ed. and trans. by David H. Hirsch and Nehama Aschkenasy. 61-71.
Rosenmeier, Jesper. "Eaters and Non-Eaters: John Cotton's A Brief Exposition of...Canticles (1642) in Light of Boston's (Linc.) Religious and Civil Conflicts, 1619-22.” Early American Literature. 2001. 36:2 (2001): 150-81.
Steiner, Prudence L. “A Garden of Spices in New England: John Cotton's and Edward Taylor's Use of the Song of Songs.” Allegory, Myth, and Symbol. Harvard English Studies. Ed. Morton Bloomfield. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1981. 227-243.
The 18th Century Interpretations of the Song of Solomon
Baildam, John D. Paradisal Love: Johann Gottfried Herder and the Song of Songs. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, 1999
Contemporary Interpretation of the Song of Solomon
Burrus, Virginia and Moore, Stephen. "Performing Sadomasochism in the Song of Songs." Women & Performance: A Journal of Feminist Theory, 13:1 (2002) 129-46.
Falk, Marcia Lee. Love Lyrics from the Bible. Sheffield: Almond, 1982.
Mays, James Luther. Harper’s Bible Commentary. Harper, New York. 1996.
Murphy, Roland Edmund. The Song of Songs: A Commentary on the Book of Canticles or the Song of Songs. Ed. Dean McBride, Jr. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990.
Useful Reference Materials for the Song of Solomon
Corbett, Edward P. J. Rhetorical Analyses of Literary Works. New York, Oxford UP, 1969
Insight on the Scriptures. New York: Watch Tower Bible And Tract Society of
Pennsylvania, 1988.
LaCocque, André and Paul Ricoeur. Thinking Biblically: Exegetical and Hermeneutical Studies. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2003.
Lanham, Richard A. A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms. 2nd ed. Berkeley and Los Angeles: California UP, 1991.
Leeuwen, Raymond C. Van. Rev. of Thinking Biblically: Exegetical and Hermeneutical Studies, By André LaCocque and Paul Ricoeur. Trans. by David Pellauer. Journals of Christian Century, 118:18 (1998).
Mason, Clarence H, Jr. The Song of Solomon comes alive for today. Chicago: Moody Press. 1977.
Theophile, J. Meek. Rev. of The Song of Songs: Translated and Interpreted as a Dramatic Poem, Leroy Waterman. Journal of Biblical Literature, 68.2 (1949) 177-79
Specialized Studies on the Song of Solomon
Fox, Michael V. The Song of Songs and the Ancient Egyptian Love Songs. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1985
Rolle, Richard, Biblical Commentaries: Short Exposition of Psalm 20; Treatise on the Twentieth Psalm; comment on the First Verses of the Canticle of Canticles; Commentary on the Apocalypse. Salzburg, Austria: Institüt fur Anglistik und Amerikanistik, Universität Salzburg. 1984.
White, John Bradley. A Study of the Language of Love in the Song of Songs and Ancient
Egyptian Poetry. Missoula: Scholars, 1978.
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