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研究生:張欣蓉
研究生(外文):Hsin Jung Chang
論文名稱:唐納德•巴塞爾姆《六十個故事》中的黑色幽默
論文名稱(外文):Donald Barthelme's Black Humor in his Sixty Stories
指導教授:康士林康士林引用關係
指導教授(外文):Nicholas Koss
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:唐納德•巴塞爾姆六十個故事黑色幽默人際關係神話角色第一人稱
外文關鍵詞:Donald BarthelmeSixty Storiesblack humorhuman relationshipstale figuresfirst-person narrator
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本論文探討唐納德•巴塞爾姆在其《六十個故事》中的黑色幽默種類、技巧與功能。第一章探討黑色幽默在人際關係上的運用。九種黑色幽默及其變化型在巴塞爾姆短篇故事裡闡釋了現代社會裡扭曲的人際關係。第二章探討巴塞爾姆運用第一人稱的特殊視角,以十三種黑色幽默批判社會及人生。第三章則討論巴塞爾姆以黑色幽默特有的顛覆與模擬技巧,打破人們對傳統神話角色的既定印象,嘲諷傳統神話角色所代表的意義及讀者的反應。總而言之,巴塞爾姆以黑色幽默的表現手法呈現出人們內心思想與外在環境的衝突。巴塞爾姆並不提供讀者問題的答案。他誇大了社會與人生的黑暗面,並加以嘲諷與扭曲。在情感上,巴塞爾姆的黑色幽默幫助讀者與故事裡的角色面對問題並且對該問題釋懷。
This thesis discusses twenty-three kinds of Barthelmeian black humor along with techniques and functions of black humor from Barthelme’s Sixty Stories. Throughout these chapters, I focus on how Barthelme relates his criteria and attitudes toward the dark sides of society and life. Humor is his technique to express his concerns.
Chapter One deals with the distorted human relationships in which estrangement, hypocrisy and lies are uppermost. Nine main kinds of black humor are discussed through different relationships in the stories, “For I’m the Boy,” “Will You Tell Me?” and “Views of My Father Weeping.” Chapter Two discusses the special point of view of the first-person narrator in dealing with bizarre societal phenomena and attitudes. “The Balloon,” “The President” and “The Rise of Capitalism” are stories discussed in this chapter. Thirteen kinds of black humor are presented effectively in using the first person narrator as a role in the story and then offering a special perspective on society and life. Chapter Three, with different approach, deals with techniques and functions of black humor. By parodying classical tales, Barthelme smashes our conceptions of fairy tales and their figures. “The Emerald,” “The Glass Mountain” and “Heroes” are stories discussed in this chapter. This chapter will show how Barthelme’s black humor is exemplified in putting tale figures in a contemporary milieu and mocking both the characters’ and the readers’ reactions.
In conclusion, Barthelme’s black humor in Sixty Stories exposes the problems and absurdity in society and life. In a humorous way, Barthelme ridicules the incompatibility between the milieu and the consciousness of human beings. He exaggerates the miserable and then distorts it and jests about it. Emotionally, he helps both characters in the story and readers get through their problems.
Introduction 1
Chapter One: Black Humor in Relationships 13
Chapter Two: Black Humor in the Narrator's Perspectives 42
Chapter Three: Black Humor in Tale Figures 68
Conclusion 89
Works Cited 96
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