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研究生:陳育綸
研究生(外文):Chen,Yu-lun
論文名稱:政府支出、內生生育率與資本累積
論文名稱(外文):Government spending ,endogenous fertility , and capital accumulation
指導教授:張文雅張文雅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang,Wen-ya
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:政府消費性支出政府投資性支出內生生育率資本累積
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本文以Turnovsky and Fisher (1995)的模型為基礎,去除掉休閒的角色但納入內生化生育率的主張,重新檢視當政府實施未預料到暫時性的政府消費性與投資性支出增加將引發財富的邊際效用與資本存量呈現何種型態的動態調整。當政府將支出分配在消費性公共財時,我們發現政府消費性支出與私人消費的關聯性,政府消費性支出與生育率的關係,以及政府消費性支出擴張持續時間的長短是決定資本累積與否的重要關鍵。特別的是,政府消費性支出與生育率關係在文獻上尚未有所著墨。當政府將支出分配在投資性公共財,且政府投資性支出與勞動及資本皆成互補關係時,若未預料到暫時性政府投資性支出增加,在政策持續期間,資本會呈現累積的現象。
Based on the Turnovsky and Fisher (1995) framework, we replace variable employment with endogenous fertility choice. Then we reexamine the dynamic responses of the capital stock to an unanticipated temporary increase in government consumption and infrastructure expenditures. In response to a temporary public consumption expansion, it is found that the key factors determining capital accumulation are the duration of policy expansion, the relationship between private consumption and government consumption expenditure, and the relationship between fertility and government consumption expenditure. In response to a temporary public infrastructure expansion, endogenous fertility choice leads to a likely increase of the capital stock during the duration of policy expansion.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與文獻回顧 1
第二章 理論模型 3
第一節 模型設定 3
第二節 體系的動態性質及其長期均衡 8
附圖 1、2 21
第三章 未預料到暫時性的政府消費型支出增加 22
附圖 3、4 46
附圖 5、6 47
附圖 7-1、7-2a 48
附圖 7-2b、8-1 49
附圖 8-2a、8-2b 50
附圖 9、10 51
附圖 11-1a、11-1b 52
附圖 12-1a、12-1b 53
第四章 未預料到暫時性的政府投資型支出增加 54
附圖 13-1、13-2 61
附圖 14-1、14-2 62
第五章 結論 63
附錄一 65
附錄二 66
參考文獻 68
ㄧ、中文部份:
賴景昌,(1994), 《國際金融理論進修篇》。台北:茂昌。
二、英文部分:
Abel, A. B. and Blanchard, O. J. (1983), “An Intertemporal Model of Saving and Investment,” Econometrica 51, pp. 675-692.

Barro, R. J. (1981), “Output Effects of Government Purchases,” Journal of Political Economy 89, pp. 1086-1121.

Barro, R. J. and Becker, G.. S, (1989), “Fertility Choice in a Model of Economic Growth,” Econometrica 57, pp. 481-501.

Becker, G. S., (1988), “Family Economics and Macro Behavior,” American Economic Review 78, pp. 1-13.

Chang, W. Y. (1999), “Government Spending ,Endogenous Labor, and Capital Accumulation,” Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 23, pp. 1225-1242.

Djajic, S. (1987), “Government Spending and the optimal Rate of Consumption and Capital Accumulation” Canadian Journal of Economics 20, pp. 544-554.

Judd, K. L. (1985), “Short-Run Analysis of Fiscal Policy in a Simple Perfect Foresight Modle,” Journal of Political Economy 93 , pp. 298-319.

Mankiw, N. G. (1987), “Government Purchases and Real Interest Rates,” Journal of Political Economy 95, pp. 407-419.

Palivos, T. (1995), “Endogenous Fertility, Multiple Growth Paths, and Economic Convergence,” Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 19, pp. 1489-1510.

Petrucci, A. (2003), “Money, endogenous fertility and economic growth” Journal of macroeconomics 25, pp.527-539.

Turnovsky, S.J. and Fisher, W. H. (1995), “The composition of Government Expenditure and its Consequences for Macroeconomic Performance,” Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 19. pp. 747-786.

Wang, P. , Yip, C. K. and Scotese, C. A. (1994), “Fertility Choice and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence,” Review of Economics and Statistics 76, pp. 255-266.

Yip, C. K. and Zhang, J. (1996), “Population Growth and Economic Growth:A Reconsideration,” Economic Letters 52, pp. 319-324.
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