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研究生:林仁毫
研究生(外文):Ren-Hao Lin
論文名稱:使用0.18-μmCMOS技術之1.8-V2.4/5.2-GHz雙頻帶LC壓控振盪器設計
論文名稱(外文):Design of A 1.8-V 2.4/5.2-GHz Dual-Band LC VCO using 0.18-μm CMOS Technology
指導教授:吳常熙
指導教授(外文):Chang-Shi Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:龍華科技大學
系所名稱:電子系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:射頻收發機鎖相迴路電壓控振盪器雙推式諧波振盪器
外文關鍵詞:frequency transceiverphase-lock loop (PLL)voltage-control-oscillatorPush-Push Oscillator
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近年來,全球通信市場蓬勃發展,各種無線通訊標準已被廣泛的使用在各種科技產品上。射頻收發機(transceiver)的系統中,主要的挑戰之ㄧ是以一個鎖相迴路或頻率合成器提供本地振盪訊號(LO signal)給混頻器(Mixer)使用,而這個鎖相迴路或頻率合成器的中心結構為一個電壓控振盪器(voltage-control-oscillator),它的電路特性好壞更是影響了整個迴路的效能。
本論文設計重點是採用雙推式諧波振盪器(Push-Push Oscillator)設計出一個可同時在雙頻帶操作的電壓控制振盪器(dual-band voltage controlled oscillator),振盪頻率設計為2.4GHz和5.2GHz,可用於802.11a,b,g系統中。
In recent years, the global communication market grows vigorously and all kinds of wireless communication standards have widely been used on each kind of communication product. One of the main challenges in the radio frequency transceiver system is to provide local signals to mixer by the phase-lock loop (PLL) or the frequency synthesizer. And the centre of the phase-lock loop or the frequency synthesizer is a voltage-control-oscillator whose performance dominates the entire loop function.
The design key of the present paper is to use push-push structure to realize a dual-band voltage controlled oscillator. The dual oscillation frequencies are designed to be about 2.4GHz and 5.2GHz which are available in 802.11a, b, g systems.
目 錄

摘 要 i
Abstract ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 序論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 無線區域網路標準 3
1.3 收發機架構 6
1.3.1 收發機原理 6
1.3.2 接收機方案 7
1.3.3 發射機方案 10
1.3.4 收發機的性能指標 11
1.4 論文流程與架構 14
第二章 射頻被動元件之特性 15
2.1 電感器之特性 15
2.1.1 簡介 15
2.1.2 電感之品質因數 16
2.1.3 CMOS製程的損耗途徑 17
2.1.4 螺旋電感器等效電路模型與寄生效應 21
2.2 可變電容器之特性 24
2.2.1 簡介 24
2.2.2 MOS可變電容器 24
第三章 振盪器原理 29
3.1 振盪原理 29
3.2 壓控振盪器之架構 30
3.2.1 環型振盪器 30
3.2.2 LC諧振(LC Tank)振盪器 31
3.3壓控振盪器性能參數 37
3.3.1 可調頻率範圍(Tuning Range) 37
3.3.2 功率損耗(power consumption) 38
3.3.3 輸出功率(output power) 39
3.3.4 溫度係數 40
3.3.5 諧波失真 40
3.3.6 相位雜訊 41
第四章 2.4/5.2-GHz雙頻帶LC壓控振盪器設計 59
4.1 架構簡介 59
4.2 電路設計與製作流程 64
4.3 模擬結果 66
4.4 結果與討論 74
第五章 結論 77
參考文獻 78
參考文獻
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