(3.236.175.108) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/01 12:33
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:蘇青瑾
研究生(外文):Ching-Chin Su
論文名稱:相變化材料於建築環境控制之應用
論文名稱(外文):Applications of phase change material on the building environmental control
指導教授:余政達余政達引用關係賴啟銘賴啟銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Dar Yue
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:立德管理學院
系所名稱:資源環境研究所
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:綠建築相變化材料隔熱生態建築
外文關鍵詞:Phase change material(PCM)Heat insulation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:243
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
為了減緩都市熱島效應及都市水泥叢林所造成的高溫現象,本研究由相變化材料(PCM)來探討建築工法上溫度控制的性能,繼而探討其可施作之途徑。

由於國外的垂直向應用的理論及實務經驗與國內水平向應用的需求不同,因此,本研究即以水平向之屋頂面與鋪面作為實驗施作之主題,分析PCM磚之熱傳特性。結果顯示,因PCM在相變過程產生吸、放熱之性能,隨外氣溫度達到最高時,石蠟磚表面與底面的溫度差可達9.1℃,內含PCM磚在日間有降低尖峰溫度及表面溫度的能力,達冷鋪面之幼纂F在夜間PCM則釋放熱能,具有保溫作用,可防止過大的溫度陡降狀況;且隨當日氣溫的高升,PCM磚之恆溫時間會隨之延長。由上述可得知,PCM適合應用於綠建築與生態建築工法之材料上;又於文中提出幾項未來可施作之研究構想,若能將此落實於民生用途上,必能逐步構建出PCM最適於台灣本地可應用之技術施作途徑。
In order to slow down the high-temperature phenomenon which the metropolis tropical island effect and the metropolis cement jungle creates, this research by phase change material(PCM)to discuss in the construction labor law the temperature control performance, subsequently discusses its may execute makes the way.

Because overseas vertical is different to the application theory and the practice experience and the domestic level to the application demand, therefore, this research namely executes by the level to it roof surface and the store front as the experiment makes the subject, analyzes heat of biography characteristic the PCM brick. The result showed that, because PCM in changes the process produces attracts, the exothermic performance, achieves along with the external temperature when is highest, the paraffin wax brick surface and the bottom surface temperature difference may reach 9.1℃, contains the PCM brick to have in during the day reduces the peak temperature and surface temperature ability, reaches effect of the cold-laid surface; releases the heat energy at night PCM, has the heat preservation function, may prevent the oversized temperature descent condition; and along with the same day temperature's rise, constant temperature of time the PCM brick along with it extension. By above may know that PCM suits applies in the green construction and material on the ecologically-safe building labor law; also in the article proposed that several future may execute make the research conception, if can carry out this in the livelihood of the people use, must be able to construct PCM to be suitable for Taiwan gradually local to be possible technology of the application to execute makes the way.
摘要………………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
誌謝………………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
目錄………………………………………………………………………Ⅳ
表目錄……………………………………………………………………Ⅶ
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………Ⅷ


第一章 前言……………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究背景與動機…………………………………………….……1
1.2 研究目的…………………………………………………….……2
1.3 研究方法…………………………………………………….……3
1.4 研究架構…………………………………………………….……4

第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………………5
2.1 建築對都市熱島效應的影響.……………………………………5
2.2 相變化材料於建築系統的應用…………………………….……9
2.3 相變化材料之微膠囊化技術……………………………………17

第三章 實驗方法……………………………………………….……19
3.1 足尺實驗說明-分為研究一及研究二…………………………19
3.2 量測因子…………………………………………………………23
3.3 研究設備…………………………………………………………24
3.4 實驗步驟…………………………………………………………24

第四章 結果與討論…………………………………………….……28
4.1 晴日測試—研究一………………………………………………28
4.2 晴日測試—研究二………………………………………………40

第五章 PCM應用於建築環境控制之途徑……………………………48
5.1 室內天花板內含微膠囊化或成層化相變化材料………………49
5.2 屋頂與外牆構造內含微膠囊PCM塗層或成層化PCM板狀層……51
5.3 敷設微膠囊PCM塗層之BIPV……………………………….……52
5.4 山上避難小屋之PCM應用………………………………….……57
5.5 PCM與地熱之結合應用…………………………………….……59
5.6 溫室織網中PCM之應用…………………………………….……59
5.7 養殖池中PCM之應用……………………………………….……61
5.8 NVP於室內溫度調節應用………………………………….……61
5.9 NVP於LED建築照明散熱之應用…………………………………64
5.10 BIPV結合PCM之雙層斜屋頂或構造牆之應用…………………66
5.11 PCM構材之斜屋頂與水幕結合之應用…………………………66

第六章 結論…………………………………………………….……67
參考文獻………………………………………………………….……69
附件 十八烷的基本性質……………………………………….……72
一、參考文獻
李魁鵬、林憲德等,1999,「台灣四大都會區熱島效應實測解析(二)----夏季都市熱島時空分佈特性解析」,建築學報No.31,中華民國建築學會。

李怡慧、黃世孟,2001,生態工程應用於校園水域設施之研究---以台北市國民小學為例,國立台灣大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。

何清政,2002,內含懸浮相變化微粒之封閉兩相熱虹系統熱傳特性研究,國科會專題研究計畫報告。

何清政,2005,相變化毫微米流體之對流熱傳遞現象研究,國科會專題研究計畫報告。

林憲德、李魁鵬等,1999,「台灣四大都會區熱島效應實測解析(一)----國內外都市熱島效應強度之比較」,建築學報No.31,中華民國建築學會。

曾元宏、楊毓民,2001,相變材料微膠囊之製備及其特性分析,國立成功_大學化學工程研究所碩士論文。

劉康仲、何清政,2002,內含相變化材料熱控致動器內熱流特性之探討,國立成奶j學機械工程研究所碩士論文。

劉安平譯,2003,光伏電池在建築物上之應用–建築師與工程師的設計手冊,國際能源總署,科技圖書股份有限公司,台北市。

Bellettre G., Sartre V., Biais F., Lallemand A.
1997. Transient state study of electric motor heating and phase change solid-liquid cooling. Applied Thermal engineering 17(1): 17-31.

Blondeau P., Sperandio M. 1997. Night ventilation for building cooling in summer. Solar Energy 61(5): 327-335.

Darkwa. 1999. Evaluation of regenerative phase change drywalls: low-energy buildings application. Int. J. Energy Res. 23(14): 1205-1212.

Darkwa. 2001. Evaluation of an encapsulated neuron-composite phase change material (PCM) for drywall system. Proceeding of the 36th Intersociety Energy Conservation Engineering
Conference, 201-205.

DSG. 2005. Planning and installing photovoltaic systems: a guide for installers, architects, and engineers. James & James Ltd.. UK: London.
Feldman D., Banu D., Hawes D.W. 1995.

Development and application of organic phase change mixtures in thermal storage gypsum wallboard. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 36: 147-157.

Fordham M. 2000. Natural ventilation. Renewable Energy 19: 17-37.

Friedrich S. and Erge T.. 1998. Photovaltics in Buildings: A Design Handbook for Architects and Engineers. IEA, James & James Science Publishers Ltd. .UK.

Geros V., Santamouris M. 1999. Experimental evaluation of night ventilation phenomena. Energy and Building 29: 141-154.

Hawes D.W., Feldman D., Banu D. 1993. Latent heat storage in building material. Energy and Building 20: 77-86.

Kang Y.B., Jiang Y., Zhang Y.P. 2003. Modeling and experimental study on an innovative passive cooling system--NVP system. Energy and Building 35: 417-425.

Kim J.-S., Darkwa K. 2003. Simulation of an integrated PCM-wallboard system. Int. J. Energy Res. 27: 215-223.

Kolokotrony M., Aronis A. 1999. Cooling energy reduction in air-conditioned offices by using night ventilation. Applied Energy 63: 241-253.

Kürklü A. 1998. Energy storage applications in Greenhouse by means of phase change material: a review. Renewable Energy 13(1): 89-103.

Mulligan J.C., Colvin D.P., Bryant Y.G. 1996. Microencapsulated phase change material suspensions for heat transfer in spacecraft thermal system. J. Spacecraft and Rockets. 33(2): 278-284.

Nahar N.M., Sharma P., Purohit M.M. 2003. Performance of different passive techniques for cooling of buildings in arid regions. Building and Environment 38: 109-116.

Roger Messenger and Jerry Ventre. 1999. Photovoltaic Systems Engineering. CRC Press.
Rosenfeld, A.H., Akbari, H., Bretz, S., Fishman, B.L., Kurn, D.M., Sailor D.,Taha, H. 1995.

Mitigation of urban heat islands: materials, utility programs, updates, Energy and Buildings 22: 255-265.

Roy S.K., Sengupta S. 1991. An evalution of phase change microcapsules for use in enhance heat transfer fluids. Int. Comm. Heat Mass Transfer 18: 495-507.

Scalat S. 1996. Full scale thermal testing of latent heat storage in wallboard. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 44: 49-61.

Stazger, P., Eska, B., and Ziegler, F., 1997, Matrix-heat exchange for latent heat cold storage, Proceedings, 7th International Conference on Thermal Energy Storage: 22–26.

Turnpenny J.R., Etheridge D.W., Reay D.A. 2000. Novel ventilation cooling system for reducing air conditioning in buildings. Part I: testing and theoretical modeling. Applied Thermal Engineering 20: 1019-1037.

Velraj R, Seeniraj RV, Hafner B, Schwarzek H. 1999. Heat transfer enhancement in a latent heat storage system. Solar Energy 65(3): 171-180.

二、參考網址

Golden Solar Energy company:
http://www.goldensolar.com/bipv/page4.html (accessed May 2007).

Hong Kong Science Park :
http://www.hku.hk/mech/sbe/case_study/case/hk/sc_pk/photo.htm
(accessed May 2007).

Magill, M.C.. 2000. An overview of the outlast temperature regulation technology. Available at: www.outlast.com (accessed March 2007).

Spire Solar company: http://www.spirecorp.com/spire-solar/solar-systems-bipv/bipv-systems.php (accessed May 2007).
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔