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研究生:陳麗婷
研究生(外文):Li-Ting Chen
論文名稱:程序型語言與非典型數學成就之認知神經反應研究
指導教授:張宇樑張宇樑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Liang Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:明道大學
系所名稱:教學藝術研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:非典型數學成就程序型語言認知神經反應
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本研究探討程序型語言與非典型數學成就的認知神經反應及其兩者間的相
關研究。施測對象為目前九年一貫學制之國民小學五、六年級學生,本研究採立
意取樣,總計施測了來自同一校的七個班的120 位學生。所使用的研究工具為研
究者自編,分為兩大類:程序性語言能力測驗、非典型數學成就能力測驗;另外,
也調查學童的其他認知能力,例如文字記憶能力或學習背景變項的資料。實驗的
主體主要以電腦化的程式設計記錄受測學生的認知神經反應,包括在回答檢測認
知能力試題時的「刺激」與「反應」時間及作答的「正確性」。本研究獲致下述
重要結果:1.確定了數學程序型語言能力中各個向度的統計顯著性,數學程序型
語言能力中的不同是值得注意的現象;2.本研究證實非典型數學成就測驗本身的
統計穩定性,它不會受到能力本身之外的因素的影響;3.對兩者之統計預測性的
分析中,亦驗證兩者之間的關係的重要性。
第一章緒論..................................................................................................................1
第一節研究動機與研究目的..............................................................................1
第二節研究問題及研究假設..............................................................................5
第三節名詞定義..................................................................................................6
第四節研究範圍..................................................................................................6
第二章文獻回顧..........................................................................................................9
第一節數學的解題歷程及數學學習困難..........................................................9
第二節語言與數學學習之關聯........................................................................15
第三節數學語言的分類....................................................................................20
第四節數學能力的影響因子............................................................................24
第三章研究方法........................................................................................................27
第一節實驗設計................................................................................................29
第二節研究工具................................................................................................31
第三節研究工具的信、效度............................................................................35
第四節取樣程序................................................................................................38
第五節分析方法................................................................................................39
第四章研究結果與分析............................................................................................41
第一節研究結果................................................................................................41
第二節敘述統計................................................................................................42
第三節統計推論及檢定....................................................................................48
第五章結論與討論....................................................................................................57
第一節數學程序型語言能力............................................................................57
第二節非典型數學成就....................................................................................59
第三節數學程序型語言能力與非典型數學成就............................................60
第四節相關背景因素........................................................................................61
第五節研究限制及建議....................................................................................62
參考文獻......................................................................................................................65
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