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研究生:葉方珣
研究生(外文):Yeh,Fanghsun
論文名稱:新聞訪談之「語用技巧」分析:以前提概念為例
論文名稱(外文):On Pragmatic Strategies in News Interviews
指導教授:臧國仁臧國仁引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:新聞研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:新聞學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:174
中文關鍵詞:前提問問題新聞訪談語用學丟面子問題前設
外文關鍵詞:presuppositionquestioningnews interviewpragmaticface-threatening actspresumption
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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本研究旨在討論新聞記者如何運用語用學之「前提」概念來引導受訪者回答,藉由「丟面子問題」質疑並挑戰受訪者「答非所問」之迴避回應。個案研究以一則平面政經新聞報導為言說分析之例,從主張與前提兩個語言單位來探究前提在訪談問答間扮演何種角色與功能。
相關語言學文獻討論曾指出記者前提影響受訪者之回應面向。本文進一步認為,記者訪談前提往往誘導受訪者針對該前提回應(而非針對問題本身),並藉助記者的背景知識與訪談對話以預設前提並挑戰受訪者。
歸納個案文本的言說分析與個案記者訪談後,本研究發現,記者前提所產生的命題確實影響並誘導受訪者回應,並以記者的前設知識來探討前提技巧如何獲得受訪者更多、更深入的回應。整理上述提問、回應模式,本研究擬出語用前提作為「問好問題」之言談方法及雙方互動的橋樑,盼能提供訪談者一套語言策略。
The goal of this research aims to explore how pragmatic presuppositions in news interviews influence the interaction of interlocutors, conducted by discourse analysis on assertions and presuppositions within each pair of questioning. By identifying the face-threatening questions which ends up leading the interviewee to non-reply responses, the case study concentrates on one public-figure interview in attempts to unveiling the tactics of placing presuppositions, added by the in-depth interview with the journalist of the case to take the speaker’s meaning into account.
The result of this research enabled the author to discover the interaction of presupposition in the form of propositions between the interlocutors that leads the interviewee’s response to challenge the journalist’s presuppostions. The researcher also found evidences indicating the presumption of the journalist produces presuppostion as well as the response, which enables this research to develop a pragmatic strategy of news interview based on the use of presuppositions.
目錄

感謝詞……………………………………………………………………………… ii

中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………… iii

第一章 研究動機……………………………………………………………… 1-19
第一節 從問與答到新聞訪談分析……………………………………… 1-13
第二節 新聞訪談研究與語言學觀點…………………………………… 13-18
第三節 本研究的分章結構……………………………………………… 18-19

第二章 文獻探討:語用學之「前提」概念—難以捉模的言談現象……… 20-55
第一節 從語用學看言談………………………………………………… 21-29
第二節 語用前提討論:從語意學到語用學觀點……………………… 29-50
第三節 結論……………………………………………………………… 50-55

第三章 新聞訪談前提的分析策略 ………………………………………… 56-87
第一節 研究問題 ……………………………………………………… 56-57
第二節 相關概念之操作性定義 ……………………………………… 58-65
第三節 訪談如何互動—問話與回答的用意 ………………………… 65-68
第四節 研究步驟與前測 ……………………………………………… 68-76
第五節 前測的檢討與研究策略發展…………………………………… 76-87
第六節 本章小節 …………………………………………………………… 87

第四章 個案分析與討論 ………………………………………………… 88-133
第一節 個案簡介與脈絡意義 ………………………………………… 89-92
第二節 進入個案文本分析…………………………………………… 92-111
第三節 丟面子問題前提與受訪者的互動:表格整理 …………… 111-120
第四節 討論言談分析的脈絡:結合記者前設 …………………… 121-129
第五節 研究發現之檢討—提出問題 ……………………………… 130-132

第五章 研究結論與未來發展 …………………………………………… 133-161
第一節 研究摘要與研究問題檢討 ………………………………… 133-140
第二節 研究意涵 …………………………………………………… 140-152
2.1 實務意涵 …………………………………………………… 140-146
2.2 理論意涵 …………………………………………………… 146-152
第三節 研究限制與未來發展 ……………………………………… 152-160

註釋 ………………………………………………………………………………161

參考書目 ……………………………………………………………………163-167

附錄一:訪問記者的問題………………………………………………………168

附錄二:林百里商業周刊原稿…………………………………………… 169-173

英文摘要………………………………………………………………………… 174
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