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研究生:涂明藏
研究生(外文):Tu Ming-Tsuan
論文名稱:以產品生命週期為基之RFID-EnabledTFT-LCD供應鏈存補貨模擬系統
論文名稱(外文):Product Life Cycle Base RFID-Enabled TFT-LCD Supply Chain Inventory Simulation System
指導教授:王樹仁
指導教授(外文):Wang Shu-Jen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:供應鏈產品生命週期移動平均法多重代理人
外文關鍵詞:supply chainproduct life cyclemoving average methodMulti-Agent
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透過供應鏈相關研究,Lee(1993)發現供應鏈長鞭效應現象一直存在,其原因在於批次訂貨、價格變動、前置時間不穩定與需求預測不準確等。Lee提出各種改善供應鏈管理的方法,建議提高供應鏈各階層資訊的能見度,才可有效的降低長鞭效應。近年來Wal-Mart推動無線射頻辨識系統(Radio Frequency Identification System,簡稱RFID),RFID技術的運用可有效的提昇供應鏈資訊的能見度。以產品生命週期的觀念,訂購量與價格需做調整,因此調整時機有賴於RFID技術。
本研究以A公司的17吋液晶顯示器為案例,全球供應鏈體系包含原料廠、液晶面板廠、顯示器工廠、區域發貨中心、地區分公司及零售商。本研究建構出PRSC (PLC-base RFID-enabled Supply Chain)等4種存補貨模式,多重代理人(Multi-Agents)、建置RFID進出貨實驗平台並以(s,Q)之存補貨政策。本研究是以移動平均法來分割歷史售價以訂出產品生命週期4期時間。
本研究因子訂定分別為有無具備PLC功能、有無建置RFID系統及液晶面板廠、顯示器工廠、區域發貨中心、地區分公司及零售商5階層有3種服務水準(90%、95%及99%),共有7個因子。田口實驗分析出36種參數組合,每組參數組合實驗30次共為1080次實驗。選擇3組實驗,利用白奴里檢定分析存貨總成本與存貨週轉率,都證實3組實驗都有明顯差異。若以相同條件下比較有無RFID,由實驗可以發現在存貨總成本改善3.09%,存貨週轉率降低5.95%。以面板製造商為例總成本改善4.65%,存貨週轉率改善8.75%,因此證明了使用PLC的情況下加入RFID可以改善總成本與存貨週轉率。
Through the related studies on the supply chain, Lee (1993) found the phenomenon on the bullwhip effect in supply chain still existence, the major factors were found in batch order, price variation, lead time flexuous, and demand forecast flexuous. Lee proposed improvement supply chain manages the method, suggested advancing supply chain’s tiers information visibility, and may effective reduce bullwhip effect. However against product life cycle abstraction, order quantity and selling price need to adjust, therefore product life cycle can availably reduce bullwhip effect.
This research is based on the 17” Monitor Global Logistics and Supply Chain case of a major TFT-LCD manufacturer in A company, contain raw materials factory, LCD panel factory, LCD monitor factory, regional DC, branch warehouse, and retailer. This research established contain PRSC (PLC-base RFID-enabled Supply Chain), and so on 4 kinds to inventory replenishment model, Multi-Agents, established RFID turnover goods experiment platform, and s-Q inventory replenishment policy. This research is divides the historical selling price by the moving average method to subscribe product life cycle’s 4 stage.
This research factor hypothesis respectively be whether there is has PLC function, whether there is to establishes the RFID system, LCD panel factory, LCD monitor factory, regional DC, branch warehouse, and retailer 5 tiers 3 kind of service level (90%, 95% and 99%), altogether has 7 factors. Taguchi method analyzes 36 kind of parameters combinations, each parameter combination tests 30 time altogether is 1,080 experiments. Chooses 3 groups to test, uses Bernoulli experiment to analysis total cost and inventory turnover rate, confirmed 3 groups test all have the obvious difference. This research demonstration if whether there is to establishes the RFID system in the same condition, by the experiment may discover improves 3.09% in the total cost, inventory turnover rate reduces 5.95%.In LCD panel factory total cost improves 4.65% , and inventory turnover rate reduces 8.75%,therefore had proven uses PLC the condition to join RFID to be allowed to improve the total cost and inventory turnover rate.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究問題與目的 2
1.3 研究範圍與限制 2
1.4 研究流程與架構 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
2.1 供應鏈管理 4
2.1.1 長鞭效應 6
2.1.2需求驅動型供應網路系統 7
2.1.3 供應鏈模擬 8
2.2代理人技術 10
2.2.1代理人種類 11
2.2.2供應鏈代理人應用 12
2.3產品生命週期 14
2.3.1產品生命週期定義 14
2.3.2產品生命週期界定 22
2.4 RFID系統 24
2.4.1 RFID/EPC應用 24
第三章 TFT-LCD產業A公司案例 27
3.1 全球運籌供應鏈 27
3.2問題定義 28
3.3 TFT-LCD產品介紹 28
3.3.1 TFT-LCD製程介紹 29
3.3.2 TFT-LCD運作原理 30
3.4 全球產業環境分析 31
3.4.1 TFT-LCD產業相關技術介紹 33
3.4.2 國內產業現況分析 34
第四章 A公司全球運籌供應鏈模擬架構 35
4.1供應鏈代理人分類 36
4.1.1規劃管理代理人 36
4.1.2 數量監控代理人 37
4.1.3 執行作業代理人 38
4.1.4多重代理人供應鏈模型 38
4.2實驗環境 39
4.3系統模擬假設條件 41
4.4參數設定 41
4.5產品生命週期參數設定 48
4.6符號說明 50
4.7 KPI計算式 51
4.8 限制條件 51
4.9 A公司全球運籌供應鏈系統流程步驟 53
4.10 A公司全球運籌供應鏈系統架構 55
4.11 A公司全球運籌供應鏈系統驗證分析 58
4.11.1穩態測試 58
4.11.2時相關係測試 59
4.11.3 整合測試 60
第五章 模擬實驗與結果 62
5.1田口實驗 62
5.2總成本常態機率圖分析 68
5.3存貨週轉率常態機率圖分析 70
5.4假設檢定 72
5.4.1總成本假設檢定 72
5.4.2存貨週轉率假設檢定 78
5.5白奴里試驗(Bernoulli experiment) 83
5.5.1 總成本白奴里試驗 83
5.5.2 存貨週轉率白奴里試驗 87
5.6敏感度分析 91
5.7實驗結論 96
5.7.1 RFID成本 97
第六章 結論與建議 101
參考文獻 102
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