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研究生:李建錫
研究生(外文):CHIEN HSI -LI
論文名稱:聚甲基丙烯酸酯共聚合物之製備及性質研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on preparation and characteristics of polymethacrylate copolymers
指導教授:倪聖中
指導教授(外文):Sheng-Chung Ni
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:化工與材料工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:折射率玻璃轉移溫度熱裂解溫度裂解活化能
外文關鍵詞:refractive indexglass transition temperaturethermal degradation temperatureactivation energy
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本研究分別以甲基丙烯酸甲酯(methyl methacrylate,MMA)、甲基丙烯酸乙酯(ethyl methacrylate,EMA)、甲基丙烯酸第三丁酯(tert butyl methacrylate,tBMA)及甲基丙烯酸羥乙酯(hydroxy ethyl methacrylate,HEMA)與鄰苯二甲酸二丙烯酯(diallyl phthalate,DAP)及己二酸二乙烯酯(adipic acid divinyl ester,AADE)經總體聚合的方法製備八種壓克力共聚合物。
本研究以傅立葉紅外線光譜儀(FT-IR)鑑定共聚物之結構。在共聚合物光學性質以阿貝計(Abbe)測試其對波長為589nm的折射率及紫外光/可見光譜儀(UV-Vis)在可見光區的穿透性。在熱性質方面以微差熱掃描卡計(DSC)、熱重損失分析儀(TGA)及動態機械分析儀(DMA)量測玻璃轉移溫度(Tg)、熱裂解溫度及機械性質,並利用二種熱裂解動力學模式(Kissinger, Ozawa),求得共聚合物之熱裂解活化能。
由研究結果顯示,在添加AADE及DAP改質之共聚合物,其折射率皆有明顯上升,在共聚合物中含有DAP苯環結構之共聚合物其折射率提升較佳。由DSC結果顯示,共聚合物之玻璃轉移溫度,於DAP及AADE最佳改質添加量1~5wt%時,均可提升Tg約10~20℃。且在MMA/AADE共聚合物中添加改質含量1wt%時,具有最佳玻璃轉移溫度(123℃)。由TGA結果顯示,分別添加DAP及AADE改質之共聚合物,其熱安定性有明顯提升的效果。在熱裂解溫度及裂解活化能之結果顯示MMA、EMA及HEMA共聚合物中,隨著添加DAP、AADE改質含量的增加,其熱裂解溫度及裂解活化能均有明顯上升之趨勢。此外,由TGA結果得知添加AADE改質之共聚合物其熱安定性較添加DAP改質之共聚合物為佳。
Eight types of copolymers based on methyl methacrylate (MMA), ethyl methacrylate (EMA), tertbutyl methacrylate (tBMA) and hydroxyl ethyl methacrylate (HEMA) were prepared via bulk polymerization with the modifiers which were diallyl phthalate (DAP) and adipic acid divinyl ester (AADE), respectively.
The structures of these synthesized copolymers were characterized by IR spectra. The optical properties and thermal properties of synthesized copolymers were investigated by ultraviolet/visible (UV-Vis), Abbe refractometer, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA). The activation energies of thermal degradation for the copolymers were calculated from Ozawa’s and Kissinger’s method, respectively.
The results of this study suggested that copolymers that contained DAP and AADE respectively increased the refractive index. The refractive indexes for the DAP-containing copolymers were higher than those AADE-containing copolymers. The results of DSC for the synthesized copolymers showed that contained 1~5 wt% of modifier in the copolymer were found to increase the value of Tg (10~20℃). Furthermore, the MMA/AADE copolymer that contained 1wt% of AADE exhibited a high value of Tg at 123℃. The results of TGA for the synthesized copolymers showed that the thermal stability of copolymer that contained modifier was enhanced. The temperature and activation energies of thermal degradation for the copolymers increased upon increasing the modifier content in copolymers of MMA, EMA and HEMA system. Additionally, the thermal stability for the AADE-containing copolymers was better than those DAP-containing copolymers.
目錄
Abstract I
中文摘要 III
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 XI
符號說明 XVIII
第一章 前言 1
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1壓克力樹脂簡介 4
2-1-1壓克力之特性與應用 5
2-1-2壓克力共聚合物之合成 6
2-2高透光率高分子材料 10
2-2-1高分子折射率 11
2-3壓克力樹脂耐熱性之發展 13
第三章 實驗 15
3-1實驗藥品 15
3-2實驗方法與步驟 17
3-2-1實驗流程 17
3-2-2實驗方法 18
3-3壓克力共聚合物鑑定 20
3-4性質測試 22
3-4-1壓克力裂解動力學 22
3-4-1熱性質分析試片製備 27
3-4-2光學性質分析試片製備 28
第四章 結果與討論 29
4-1壓克力共聚合物之合成與鑑定 29
4-1-1硬化條件分析 29
4-1-2壓克力共聚合物之鑑定 31
4-2光學性質分析 34
4-2-1透明性 34
4-2-1-1不同改質劑UV-Vis光譜圖比較 35
4-2-1-2四組壓克力共聚合物UV-Vis光譜圖比較 36
4-2-2折射率 36
4-2-2-1不同改質劑的效應 36
4-2-2-2不同壓克力樹脂的效應 37
4-3熱性質分析 37
4-3-1玻璃轉移溫度 37
4-3-1-1不同改質劑玻璃轉移溫度比較 37
4-3-1-2四組壓克力共聚合物間玻璃轉移溫度比較 41
4-3-2熱穩定性質分析 42
4-3-2-1不同改質劑熱穩定性比較 42
4-3-2-2四組壓克力共聚合物間熱穩定性比較 48
4-3-3壓克力樹脂裂解反應動力學 50
4-4動態機械性質分析 55
4-4-1不同改質劑機械性質比較 56
第五章 結論 60
第六章 參考文獻 63
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